logging in or signing up Ocean Mentor Download Post to : URL : Related Presentations : Let's Connect Share Add to Flag Embed Email Send to Blogs and Networks Add to Channel Copy embed code: Embed: Flash iPad Dynamic Copy Does not support media & animations Automatically changes to Flash or non-Flash embed WordPress Embed Customize Embed URL: Copy Thumbnail: Copy The presentation is successfully added In Your Favorites. Views: 9226 Category: Education License: All Rights Reserved Like it (12) Dislike it (0) Added: April 07, 2008 This Presentation is Public Favorites: 11 Presentation Description No description available. Comments Posting comment... By: Capeisbest25 (22 month(s) ago) I teach 6th grade...this would be perfect. All the basics. Any chance I may download? Saving..... Post Reply Close Saving..... Edit Comment Close By: jmhead (25 month(s) ago) I would love a copy of the Johari Window PPt. Thanks, JMHead -- firstname.lastname@example.org Saving..... Post Reply Close Saving..... Edit Comment Close By: fairy5374 (28 month(s) ago) can i hv a copy of this ppt? i'm searching info bout ocean...tq... Saving..... Post Reply Close Saving..... Edit Comment Close By: rlscott (38 month(s) ago) I would be grateful for permission to download and use this in my science class. Well done summary of ocean currents. Saving..... Post Reply Close Saving..... Edit Comment Close By: gagansimidolla (38 month(s) ago) allown me to download presentation Saving..... Post Reply Close Saving..... Edit Comment Close loading.... See all Premium member Presentation Transcript The Oceans: The Oceans A Presentation on Atmosphere-Ocean Interaction National Weather Service Shreveport, LA Presented by:Why study major bodies of water?: Why study major bodies of water? Water covers nearly ¾ of the earth’s surface More than 50% of the world’s population lives within an hour of the coast Plays a role in both climate and day-to-day weather FOOD! Cost of your food could depend on itThe “Basics”: The “Basics” There are FOUR oceans ATLANTIC PACIFIC INDIAN SOUTHERNAround the World in 4 Slides…: Around the World in 4 Slides…Around the World in 4 Slides…: Around the World in 4 Slides…Around the World in 4 Slides…: Around the World in 4 Slides…Around the World in 4 Slides…: Around the World in 4 Slides… “Defined” in 2000Ocean or Sea, What’s the Big Deal?: Ocean or Sea, What’s the Big Deal? SEAS Delineated by land masses Doesn’t matter if they’re largely enclosed Also “communicate” with the ocean Black Sea Mediterranean Sea Africa Europe Gulf of Mexico United States MexicoBragging Rights…: Bragging Rights… Which ocean is the biggest? Bragging Rights…: Bragging Rights… Which ocean has the most coastline?Water is Water…or is it?!: Water is Water…or is it?! FRESHWATER Rivers Streams Lakes SALTWATER Oceans Gulfs SeasWater is Water…or is it?!: Water is Water…or is it?! QUESTION: Is saltwater the same everywhere? ANSWER: Nope. In general, the Atlantic Ocean is the “saltiest.” Please Pass the Salt…: Please Pass the Salt… “Run-of-the-mill” concentration? 3.5 grams/liter Like weather, there are areas of HIGH salinity LOW salinity So, where are these “highs” and “lows”?Please Pass the Salt…: Please Pass the Salt… H H H H H L L LMmmmm…Salty!: Mmmmm…Salty! DEAD SEA FACTS: Really a large lake Water gets in, but not out! Fed by River Jordan Evaporation only way out Has nearly 10 times the salinity of the oceans! Leads to increased densitySo??: So?? The increased density means just about anything will float! We can see this through the use of eggs!We’re Goin’ Down, Down, Down…: We’re Goin’ Down, Down, Down… Just like the atmosphere, the ocean has layers!The Epipelagic Zone: The Epipelagic Zone “Sunlight Zone” Most solar heating Lots of temperature change Surface to 200m Influenced by wind Bridge Over Troubled Waters…: Bridge Over Troubled Waters… A transition layer Temperature decreases rapidly Relevance to you? Higher bass concentrations (oxygen is just right)The Mesopelagic Zone: The Mesopelagic Zone “Twilight Zone” Most temperature change near top of layer Between 200 and 1000m Animal characteristics begin to change The Bathypelagic Zone: The Bathypelagic Zone “Midnight Zone” No light at all Only light comes from animals Very little temperature change Pressure reaches over 5800 p.s.i.The Abyssopelagic Zone: The Abyssopelagic Zone “The Abyss” Greek word meaning “no bottom” Between 4000 and 6000m Water temperature near freezingThe Hadalpelagic Zone: The Hadalpelagic Zone “The Trenches” Anything below 6000m Worth repeating: Deepest trench is the Mariana Trench “Weight”: >8 t.s.i. Life still exists here! That’s TONS per square inch!Our Mr. Sun: Our Mr. Sun “Driving Force” Solar radiation affects the ocean differently More on this later Ultimate cause of windOcean Currents – Just the Facts: Ocean Currents – Just the Facts Two types: Wind-driven Currents Deep Water Currents 40% of the global heat transport Move slower than surface winds Kilometers per day vs. kilometers per hour Long-term climate impacts Gulf Stream most important in our region Ocean Currents -- Development: Ocean Currents -- Development Oceans near equator “heat up” more than the poles Sets up… Temperature imbalance Semi-permanent pressure areas Constant push of wind on waterOcean Currents – The Big Picture: Ocean Currents – The Big PictureThe Gulf Stream: The Gulf StreamDust in the Wind – During the Day: Dust in the Wind – During the Day Beach heats faster than ocean Air rises onshore Slightly cooler, denser air moves onshore to replace the “lost” air Results: Onshore breeze Possible storm developmentDust in the Wind – At Night: Dust in the Wind – At Night Beach cools faster than ocean Air rises offshore Slightly cooler, denser air moves offshore to replace the “lost” air Results: Offshore breeze Possible storm developmentWave Action: Wave Action Another byproduct of wind Size depends on THREE things: Speed Duration Distance Longer the wave, the faster it moves Here’s a cool fact: You can estimate the wind speed using the size of wavesBattle of the Bulge: Battle of the Bulge Tides are another type of wave action Definition: A change in the ocean water level, which results from the gravitational pull of the moonPOP QUIZ: POP QUIZ Where are the largest ranges from high to low tide in the world?Battle of the Bulge: Battle of the Bulge Why the moon? Sun’s gravitational pull is greater But the moon is closer Mariners have known for a long time that tides were related to the moonBattle of the Bulge: Battle of the Bulge Famous dead people who have studied tidal motion: Galileo Descartes Newton Laplace Lord Kelvin KeplerPOP QUIZ: POP QUIZ Where are the largest ranges from high to low tide in the world? HINT: It’s in North AmericaTwo tides? Four tides?: Two tides? Four tides? Number of tides per day related to… Shape of the coastline Sea floor elevation Some places have one high/low tide cycle Called a diurnal tide Examples: Lake Charles, LA Gulfport, MS Gulf Shores, AL Pensacola, FLTwo tides? Four tides?: Two tides? Four tides? Number of tides per day related to… Shape of the coastline Sea floor elevation Other places have two high/low tide cycles Called a semi-diurnal tide Examples: Galveston, TX Apalachicola, FLLargest Tidal Range in the World: Largest Tidal Range in the World Bay of Fundy!Where is the Bay of Fundy?: Where is the Bay of Fundy?The Knights Who Say “Neap”: The Knights Who Say “Neap” Occur when the pull of the moon and sun partially cancel each other RESULT: Very little change between high and low tidesSpringing Onward…: Springing Onward… Occurs when the pull of the sun and moon act together RESULT: Greater than normal tidal range experiencedAbout the Cost of Your Food…: About the Cost of Your Food… Normally… Warm waters over Central Pacific Cooler waters off Peruvian coast Colder, nutrient-rich waters pulled up from western coast of South AmericaAbout the Cost of Your Food…: About the Cost of Your Food… El Nino: Equatorial Countercurrent strengthens Nutrient-rich water supply lessens RESULT: Waters warm off Peruvian CoastAbout the Cost of Your Food…: About the Cost of Your Food… La Nina: Weaker Equatorial Countercurrent Nutrient-rich water supply increases RESULT: Warm waters “pile up” in the western PacificWhat Does This Mean Weatherwise?: What Does This Mean Weatherwise? For El Nino Events – What Does This Mean Weatherwise?: What Does This Mean Weatherwise? For La Nina Events – So???: So??? A lot of fishing takes place off the coast of Peru Anchovy fish thrive in the nutrient-rich waters of this area Anchovies are caught and used to make chicken feedSo???: So??? During big El Nino events: Waters are not full as nutrients Not as many anchovies Cost of chicken feed increases Therefore, the cost of chicken increasesThank You!!!: Thank You!!! Douglas Butts Senior Forecaster WFO Shreveport 5655 Hollywood Ave. Shreveport, LA 71109 318.631.3669Slide51: CREDITS: Texas A&M University Oceanography Department www-ocean.tamu.edu NWS Southern Region Jetstream Program www.srh.noaa.gov/srh/jetstream CREDITS: Texas A&M University Oceanography Department www-ocean.tamu.edu NWS Southern Region Jetstream Program www.srh.noaa.gov/srh/jetstream You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.