KNEE FRACTURE: TYPES AND VARIOUS TREATMENT MODALITIES

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With the help of arthroscopic surgery, non-displaced and hairline fracture can be treated. Also, it is used to repair a non-displaced fracture, which is not responding to conservative treatment. To get more information click here:

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KNEE FRACTURE: TYPES AND VARIOUS TREATMENT MODALITIES

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▶ Introduction ▶ Types of Fractures ▶ Treatments and its Types Table of Contents

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▶ Hairline Fracture ▶ Non-Displaced Fracture ▶ Partial Displaced Fracture ▶ Complete Displaced fracture ▶ Compound knee joint fracture Types of Fracture

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Hairline fracture occurs on the bone’s surface. Unlike other types this type of fracture does not penetrate through the entire thickness of the bone. Also a hairline fracture cannot spread through the whole patellar circumference femur or tibia instead it covers the knee bone partially. How to treat: Conservative treatments HAIRLINE FRACTURE

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In this type the fracture caused can reach the rear end of the bone. Following an injury the fragment that has undergone a fracture does not shift from its normal anatomical position. How to Treat: Conservative treatment methods such as the application of braces or cast and closed reduction are used to treat a non-displaced fracture of the knee joint. NON-DISPLACED FRACTURES

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Partial displaced fracture has a tendency to pass through the entire thickness of the bone. Similar to a stable partial displaced fracture the fractured fragment of the knee bone in case of a partial displaced fracture displaces partially from parent bone. How to Treat: Closed reduction method. Surgical treatment is suggested when methods such as external fixator and close reduction fail to exhibit desirable results. PARTIAL DISPLACED FRACTURES

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In case of a complete displaced fracture of the knee joint the cracks enter through the total thickness of the bone. Close reduction technique if used to treat a complete displaced fracture of the knee joint cannot produce the desired outcomes. How to Treat: This type of fracture is treated with the help of surgical treatments and medications. COMPLETE DISPLACED FRACTURE

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In this type of fracture the fractured fragment is completely displaced from its original position. Actually the fracture fragment or the parent bone protrudes through the skin and subcutaneous tissue and remains exposed. This type of fracture is often accompanied with nerve damages and ruptured blood vessels that may result in severe bleeding. How to Treat: Medications and surgery. COMPOUND KNEE JOINT FRACTURE

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Conservative knee fracture treatment include rest exercise Swimming Yoga Therapy Stretching Exercises cold therapyinvolves direct application of ice covered with plastic or cloth kept over the knee joint for around 30 minutes two to three times a day and heat therapy wherein moist heat is applied on the knee joint. TREATMENTS

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Also assistive devices including cane walker crutches or wheelchair used for support. Cast and braces are used to hold the end of bone together in approximate anatomical position. ASSISTIVE DEVICES CAST BRACES

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Skeletal traction is also employed to treat fractures by offering a continuous pull of the lower leg with weights. Physical therapy is also advised to heal the fractured joint. SKELETAL TRACTION PHYSICAL THERAPY

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Medications such as Motrin Naproxen Daypro and Celebrex are given to the patient with a knee fracture. MEDICATIONS

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KNEE ARTHROSCOPIC SURGERY: With the help of arthroscopic surgery non-displaced and hairline fracture can be treated. Also it is used to repair a non-displaced fracture which is not responding to conservative treatment. Along with that arthroscopic surgery is also performed to repair part such as rotator tendon and ligamental tear associated with fracture. Surgical Intervention Techniques

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MedMonks Medicare Pvt. Ltd. Address : 706 Pearls Business Park Netaji Subhash Place NSP New Delhi – 110034 Ph No: +91-7683088559 Email : wecaremedmonks.com medmonksgmail.com Website: https://medmonks.com/blog/knee-fracture-treatment CONTACT US

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