LAN To LAN VPN

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LAN to LAN VPN also known as Site to Site VPN is the most basic and the most simplest of all the VPN’s used on CISCO devices. It helps in connecting networks in different geographical location.

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WELCOME LAN TO LAN VPN LAN to LAN VPN also known as Site to Site VPN is the most basic and the most simplest of all the VPN’s used on CISCO devices. It helps in connecting networks in different geographical location. :

WELCOME LAN TO LAN VPN LAN to LAN VPN also known as Site to Site VPN is the most basic and the most simplest of all the VPN’s used on CISCO devices. It helps in connecting networks in different geographical location. http://chetanmblog.blogspot.in/

LAN to LAN VPN also known as Site to Site VPN is the most basic and the most simplest of all the VPN’s used on CISCO devices. It helps in connecting networks in different geographical location. For this following steps are required and are mandatory for LAN to LAN VPN to work. STEP A : Configuring Interfaces STEP B : Configuring ISAKMP policy and enabling ISAKMP Policy on the outside interface. STEP C : Creating a TRANSFORM SET STEP D : Configuring ACL STEP E : Defining a TUNNEL GROUP STEP F : Creating a CRYPTO MAP and applying it to an Interface. :

LAN to LAN VPN also known as Site to Site VPN is the most basic and the most simplest of all the VPN’s used on CISCO devices. It helps in connecting networks in different geographical location. For this following steps are required and are mandatory for LAN to LAN VPN to work. STEP A : Configuring Interfaces STEP B : Configuring ISAKMP policy and enabling ISAKMP Policy on the outside interface. STEP C : Creating a TRANSFORM SET STEP D : Configuring ACL STEP E : Defining a TUNNEL GROUP STEP F : Creating a CRYPTO MAP and applying it to an Interface. LAN TO LAN VPN http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/Mchetan-1556110-introducing-ccnp/

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STEP A : CONFIGURING INTERFACES:

Step 1. Go to config terminal giving the command conf t To enter Interface configuration mode, in global configuration mode enter the interface command with the default name of the interface to configure. In the following example the interface is ethernet0 hostname(config)# interface ethernet0 Step 2. To set the IP address and subnet mask for the interface, enter the ip address command. In the following example the IP address is 10.10.4.100 and the subnet mask is 255.255.0.0. hostname(config-if)# ip address 10.10.4.100 255.255.0.0 Step 3. To name the interface, enter the nameif command, maximum of 48 characters. You cannot change this name after you set it. In the following example the name of the ethernet0 interface is outside. hostname(config-if)# nameif outside Step 4. To enable the interface, enter the no version of the shutdown command. By default, interfaces are disabled. hostname(config-if)# no shutdown Step 5. To save your changes, enter the write memory command. hostname(config-if)# write memory STEP A : CONFIGURING INTERFACES http://chetanmblog.blogspot.in/

STEP B : Configuring ISAKMP policy and enabling ISAKMP Policy on the outside interface. :

STEP B : Configuring ISAKMP policy and enabling ISAKMP Policy on the outside interface. The Internet Security Association and Key Management Protocol, also called IKE, is the negotiation protocol that lets two hosts agree on how to build an IPsec security association. Each ISAKMP negotiation is divided into two sections called Phase1 and Phase 2. Phase 1 creates the first tunnel, which protects later ISAKMP negotiation messages. Phase 2 creates the tunnel that protects data travelling across the secure connection. To set the terms of the ISAKMP negotiations, you create an ISAKMP policy, which includes the following (Next Slide): http://www.slideboom.com/presentations/634064/Results-of-High-Class-Training

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•An authentication method, so as to ensure the identity of the peers. •An encryption method, so as to protect the data and ensure privacy. •A Hashed Message Authentication Code such as 3des to ensure that identity of the sender and the data is encrypted and the data is not modified or hacked during packet transfer. •A Diffie-Hellman group to establish the strength of the encryption-key-determination algorithm. This is used to encrypt data and give it hash-keys. •A time limit for how long the security appliance uses an encryption key before replacing it. http://chetanmblog.blogspot.in/

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To configure ISAKMP policies, in global configuration mode use the isakmp policy command with its various arguments. The syntax for ISAKMP policy commands is as follows: isakmp policy priority attribute_name [attribute_value | integer]. Step 1. Set the authentication method. The following example configures a presharedkey.The priority is 1 everywhere. hostname(config)# isakmp policy 1 authentication pre-share Step 2. Set the encryption method. The following example configures 3DES. hostname(config)# isakmp policy 1 encryption 3des Step 3. Set the HMAC method. The following example configures SHA-1. hostname(config)# isakmp policy 1 hash sha Cisco Certification Courses | SEO ACIT

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Step 4. Set the Diffie-Hellman group. The following example configures Group 2. hostname( config )# isakmp policy 1 group 2 Step 5. Set the encryption key lifetime. The following example configures 43,200 seconds (12 hours). hostname( config )# isakmp policy 1 lifetime 43200 Step 6. Enable ISAKMP on the interface named outside. hostname( config )# isakmp enable outside Step 7. To save your changes, enter the write memory command. hostname( config )# write memory CCNP CCIE CCNA

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STEP C. CREATING A TRANSFORM SET A transform set combines an encryption method and an authentication method. During the IPsec security association negotiation with ISAKMP, the peers agree to use a particular transform set to protect a particular data flow. The transform set must be the same for both peers. A transform set protects the data flows for the access list specified in the associated crypto map entry. You can create transform sets in the security appliance configuration, and then specify a maximum of 11 of them in a crypto map or dynamic crypto map entry. THEDEFAULT IS ESP-DES Tunnel Mode is the usual way to implement IPsec between two security appliances that are connected over an untrusted network, such as the public Internet. Tunnel mode is the default and requires no configuration. To configure the TRANSFORM SET following steps are mandatory. Step 1 In global configuration mode enter the crypto ipsec transform-set command. The following example configures a transform set with the name FirstSet, esp-3des encryption, and esp-md5-hmac authentication. The syntax is as follows: hostname(config)# crypto ipsec transform-set FirstSet esp-3des esp-md5-hmac Step 2 Save your changes. hostname(config)# write memory http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/Mchetan-1600199-courses-institutes-fees/

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STEP D. TO CONFIGURE ACL The security appliance uses access control lists to control network access. By default, the security appliance denies all traffic. You need to configure an ACL that permits traffic. The ACLs that you configure for this LAN-to-LAN VPN control connections are based on the source and translated destination IP addresses. Configure ACLs that mirror each other on both sides of the connection. An ACL for VPN traffic uses the translated address. This is because you use NAT CONTROL(will be explained in the later blogs I post.) To configure an ACL, perform the following steps: Step 1. Enter the access-list extended command. The following example configures an ACL named l2l_list that lets traffic from IP addresses in the 192.168.0.0 network travel to the 150.150.0.0 network. The syntax is access- listlistnameextended permit ipsource-ipaddress source- netmask destination - ipaddressdestination - netmask . hostname(config)# access-list l2l_list extended permit ip 192.168.0.0 255.255.0.0 150.150.0.0 255.255.0.0 Step 2. Configure an ACL for the security appliance on the other side of the connection that mirrors the ACL above. In the following example the prompt for the peer is hostname2. hostname2(config)# access-list l2l_list extended permit ip 150.150.0.0 255.255.0.0 192.168.0.0 255.255.0.0 http://www.slideshare.net/acitbacklink/ciscoacitnetgrad

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A tunnel group is a set of records that contain tunnel connection policies. We configure a tunnel group to identify AAA servers, specify connection parameters, and define a default group policy. There are two default tunnel groups in the security appliance system: DefaultRAGroup, which is the default IPsec remote-access tunnel group, and DefaultL2Lgroup, which is the default IPsec LAN-to-LAN tunnel group. You can modify them but not delete them. You can also create one or more new tunnel groups. The security appliance uses these groups to configure default tunnel parameters for remote access and LAN-to-LAN tunnel groups when there is no specific tunnel group identified during tunnel negotiation. To establish a basic LAN-to-LAN connection, you must set two attributes for a tunnel group: • Set the connection type to IPsec LAN-to-LAN. • Configure an authentication method, in the following example, preshared key. Step 1. To set the connection type to IPsec LAN-to-LAN, enter the tunnel-group command. The syntax is tunnel-group name type type , where name is the name you assign to the tunnel group, and type is the type of tunnel. The tunnel types as you enter them in the CLI are: • ipsec- ra (IPsec remote access) • ipsec-l2l (IPsec LAN to LAN) In the following example the name of the tunnel group is the IP address of the LAN-to-LAN peer, 10.10.4.108. hostname(config)# tunnel-group 10.10.4.108 type ipsec-l2l STEP E. DEFINING A TUNNEL GROUP http://chetanmblog.blogspot.in/

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Step 2. To set the authentication method to preshared key, enter the ipsec-attributes mode and then enter the pre-shared-key command to create the preshared key. You need to use the same preshared key on both security appliances for this LAN-to-LAN connection. The key is an alphanumeric string of 1-128 characters. In the following example the preshared key is 44kkaol59636jnfx. hostname( config )# tunnel-group 10.10.4.108 ipsec-attributes hostname( config-ipsec )# pre-shared-key 44kkaol59636jnfx Step 3. Save your changes. hostname( config )# write memory http://chetanmblog.blogspot.in/ Clients of ACIT and Our Placed Students

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STEP F. CRATING A CRYPTOMAP AND DEFINING AND APPLYING IT TO THE INTERFACE. Crypto map entries pull together the various elements of IPsec security associations, including the following: • Which traffic IPsec should protect, which you define in an access list. • Where to send IPsec-protected traffic, by identifying the peer. • What IPsec security applies to this traffic, which a transform set specifies. • The local address for IPsec traffic, which you identify by applying the crypto map to an interface. For IPsec to succeed, both peers must have crypto map entries with compatible configurations. For two crypto map entries to be compatible, they must, at a minimum, meet the following criteria: • The crypto map entries must contain compatible crypto access lists (for example, mirror image access lists). If the responding peer uses dynamic crypto maps, the entries in the security appliance crypto access list must be "permitted" by the peer's crypto access list. • The crypto map entries each must identify the other peer (unless the responding peer is using a dynamic crypto map). • The crypto map entries must have at least one transform set in common. Attain Career Heights with Cisco Certification

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If you create more than one crypto map entry for a given interface, use the sequence number (seq-num) of each entry to rank it: the lower the seq-num, the higher the priority. At the interface that has the crypto map set, the security appliance evaluates traffic against the entries of higher priority maps first. Create multiple crypto map entries for a given interface if either of the following conditions exist: • Different peers handle different data flows. • You want to apply different IPsec security to different types of traffic (to the same or separate peers), for example, if you want traffic between one set of subnets to be authenticated, and traffic between another set of subnets to be both authenticated and encrypted. In this case, define the different types of traffic in two separate access lists, and create a separate crypto map entry for each crypto access list. http://chetanmblog.blogspot.in/ Exam Fees for the Best Certification (CCNP) in Networking

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To create a crypto map and apply it to the outside interface in global configuration mode, enter several of the crypto map commands. These commands use a variety of arguments, but the syntax for all of them begin with crypto map map-name-seq-num . In the following example the map-name is abcmap, the sequence number is 1. Enter these commands in global configuration mode: Step 1. To assign an access list to a crypto map entry, enter the crypto map match address command. The syntax is crypto map map-name seq- num match address aclname . In the following example the map name is abcmap, the sequence number is 1, and the access list name is l2l_list. hostname(config)# crypto map abcmap 1 match address l2l_list Step 2. To identify the peer (s) for the IPsec connection, enter the crypto map set peer command. hostname(config)# crypto map abcmap 1 set peer 10.10.4.108 Step 3. To specify a transform set for a crypto map entry, enter the crypto map set transform-set command. The syntax is crypto map map -name seq- num set transform-set transform-set-name . In the following example the transform set name is FirstSet. hostname(config)# crypto map abcmap 1 set transform-set FirstSet http://chetanmblog.blogspot.in/

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APPLYING CRYPTOMAPS TO INTERFACES You must apply a crypto map set to each interface through which IPsec traffic travels. The security appliance supports IPsec on all interfaces. Applying the crypto map set to an interface instructs the security appliance to evaluate all interface traffic against the crypto map set and to use the specified policy during connection or security association negotiations. Binding a crypto map to an interface also initializes the runtime data structures, such as the security association database and the security policy database. When you later modify a crypto map in any way, the security appliance automatically applies the changes to the running configuration. It drops any existing connections and reestablishes them after applying the new crypto map. Step 1. To apply the configured crypto map to the outside interface, enter the crypto map interface command. The syntax is crypto map map -name interface interface -name. hostname(config)# crypto map abcmap interface outside Step 2. Save your changes. hostname(config)# write memory G+ is a Secret of Today's SEO Trainers Rock & Are The Best Of The Best

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