Climate

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The Factors that Affect Climate ©Mark Place, 2009-2010 www.LearnEarthScience.com

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Identify five factors that affect climate and explain how each affects climate.

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Latitude

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How does latitude affect climate? As latitude ________, the average annual temperature _________. 0° Latitude 90° Temperature decreases increases

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Closeness to Large Bodies of Water

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How does closeness to a large body of water affect climate? Water __________ the temperature. _______ summers. _______ winters. City B is closer to a large body of water. Its temperature line is flatter (moderated). moderates Cities A & B are located at the same latitude. Cooler Warmer

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Orographic Effect

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Orographic Effect

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The windward sides of the Adirondacks & Catskills receive a great deal more precipitation The leeward sides of the Adirondacks & Catskills receive much less precipitation

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How does the Orographic Effect affect climate? Windward Side : ___________ Leeward Side : _____________ cool, moist warm, dry

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Elevation

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Elevation Page 14 of the ESRTs We live in the troposphere. Temperature decreases with elevation.

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During summer, temperature is strongly controlled by elevation -- cold at the higher reaches of the Alaska and Brooks Ranges, and warmer in the lowlands.

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How does elevation affect climate? As elevation _________, the average annual temperature __________. Elevation Temperature increases decreases

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Ocean Currents

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The Gulf Stream

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How do ocean currents affect climate? Warm Currents: warmer climate Cold Currents: cooler climate

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