LANDFORM REGIONS OF CANADA: LANDFORM REGIONS OF CANADA Canada is divided into seven landform regions:
Great Lakes - St.Lawrence Lowlands
Arctic and Hudson Bay Lowlands
Innuitian Mountains The Western Cordillera: The Western Cordillera From West to East, the Western Cordillera is composed of three sub-regions, each one running from north to south
The West Coast Mountains on the Pacific coast
The Interior Plateaux in the middle
The Rockies, bordering and crossing in to Alberta Google Earth Vancouver Island: Google Earth Vancouver Island Coastal Mountains: Coastal Mountains The West Coast Mountains: The West Coast Mountains VERY TALL PEAKS
IN SOME AREAS, THE SEA OFFERS THE BEST WAY TO GET AROUND
COMMUNITIES IN VALLEYS ON SHORELINES WEST COAST MOUNTAINS: WEST COAST MOUNTAINS Subduction zone
Oceanic plate sliding under continental plate
Prone to earthquakes WEST COAST MOUNTAINS: WEST COAST MOUNTAINS SOME VOLCANOES MORE RECENT THAN OTHERS
MOUNTAINS COVERED IN LUSH FORESTS
WEST COAST MOUNTAINS: WEST COAST MOUNTAINS INDUSTRIES TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THE RESOURCES AND LANDFORMS OF THE AREA
WHISTLER ATTRACTS A SIGNIFICANT NUMBER OF …. WEST COAST EXTREME: WEST COAST EXTREME WHY WOULD EARLY SETTLERS HAVE FOUND THIS REGION DIFFICULT TO CROSS?
WHAT WOULD DISCOURAGE SETTLERS FROM REMAINING IN THIS REGION? THE INTERIOR PLATEAUX: THE INTERIOR PLATEAUX A HIGHLAND FLAT AREA
THE INTERIOR OF BRITISH COLUMBIA IS A MIXTURE OF MOUNTAIN RANGES AND HIGH FLATLAND AREAS
INTERIOR PLATEAUS: INTERIOR PLATEAUS DESCRIBE TWO THINGS ABOUT THIS LANDSCAPE USING THE IMAGE TO THE LEFT The Interior Plateaux: The Interior Plateaux EVEN THOUGH IT IS IN THE MOUNTAINS, THERE ARE A NUMBER OF WELL KNOWN COMMUNITIES WHERE PEOPLE FARM AND RANCH
PLACES SUCH AS PENTICTON, KELOWNA AND GOLDEN BC ARE IMPORTANT COMMUNITIES The Interior Plateaux: The Interior Plateaux Tourism is a big industry
What types of tourist activities would take place here? The Rockies: The Rockies THE ROCKIES: THE ROCKIES CANADA’S LARGEST MOUNTAINS
WHAT WOULD YOU TELL A FRIEND ABOUT ROCKIES’ VEGETATION AND CLIMATE?
IF THE CAMERA POINTS NORTH, WHAT TIME OF DAY IS IT IN THE 2nd PICTURE? Lake Louise: Lake Louise This is one of Canada’s most favoured tourist spots - Chateau Lake Louise
What is the flat surface in the foreground?
What are the almost straight lines on the mountain slopes? Unlike flat regions, mountains are known for fast-flowing rivers which gouge steep valleys in the landscape: Unlike flat regions, mountains are known for fast-flowing rivers which gouge steep valleys in the landscape In what ways do the climate and vegetation change as you go up the mountainside?: In what ways do the climate and vegetation change as you go up the mountainside? The Rockies are home to many alpine glaciers: The Rockies are home to many alpine glaciers A narrow channel of ice which slides down a mountain.
Snow accumulates at the top of the glacier/ melts at the bottom
Where would you expect the deepest ice?
What season is shown in this image? Interior Plains: Interior Plains The Interior Plains (Prairies): The Interior Plains (Prairies) Once the bed of a huge sea between the Canadian Shield and the Rockies
Composed of sedimentary rocks
Highly suitable for farming where climate offers the right conditions The Interior Plains: The Interior Plains A typical huge prairie farm. The Prairies: The Prairies Known for its relatively dry climate Vegetation on the Interior Plains: Vegetation on the Interior Plains
Is this ‘parkland’ or ‘grassland’
What type of vegetation would you expect to see farther north where it is colder and damper? The Interior Plains Economy: The Interior Plains Economy Agriculture is one of the most important activities in the Interior Plains
What other major resource activity takes place there? Transport on the Prairies: Transport on the Prairies Canada’s wheat basket requires many kilometers of rail lines to deliver wheat to Vancouver, Hudson Bay and Thunder Bay Canadian Shield: Canadian Shield The Canadian Shield: The Canadian Shield Largest region in Canada
Among the oldest known rocks on the planet
Formed by volcanic activity, therefore mostly igneous rock
Cold winters, warm summers, precipitation all year give it a distinctive type of vegetation CANADIAN SHIELD: CANADIAN SHIELD Stretches from Arctic to Great Lakes, from Mackenzie delta to Atlantic
Soils are thin - a poor choice for agriculture in most places TYPICAL FEATURES OF THE CANADIAN SHIELD: TYPICAL FEATURES OF THE CANADIAN SHIELD What does the vegetation tell you of the location of this part of the Shield?
Name two typical features of the Shield shown by this picture Canadian Shield wildlife: Canadian Shield wildlife Vegetation on the Shield: Vegetation on the Shield
White patches reveal the extraction of resources on the Shield.
What resource is being extracted? Great Lakes - St. Lawrence Lowlands: Great Lakes - St. Lawrence Lowlands Great Lakes St. Lawrence Lowlands: Great Lakes St. Lawrence Lowlands Most southerly and smallest landform region of Canada
Newest landform region
Formed by the action of glaciers scraping away and re-depositing material on the landscape
Consists of lakes, valleys and rolling hills Great Lakes - St. Lawrence Lowlands: Great Lakes - St. Lawrence Lowlands Why would landforms of this region favour large scale settlement?
Many of Canada’s largest cities
What is meant by the term ‘high density’?
Gt. Lakes - St. Lawrence Lowlands: Gt. Lakes - St. Lawrence Lowlands Southern Ontario Farming: Southern Ontario Farming Much of this region is taken up with dairy farming
What products are created in dairy farming?
Why is dairy farming important to this area? Other features of this region: Other features of this region The image shows a popular part of Southern Ontario.
Why is southern Ontario a popular tourist destination? The Appalachians: The Appalachians APPALACHIANS: APPALACHIANS How would you describe to a friend the land in this image?
This is part of the Cabot Trail on Cape Breton Island The Maritimes: The Maritimes While the Atlantic provinces have relatively poor economies, still many people want to live there.
What features of Atlantic life would encourage people to live there? Nova Scotia: Nova Scotia The flatter land next to the sea reveals the location of the old shoreline
New Brunswick: New Brunswick Compare this landscape to southern Ontario
What is similar and what is different? ARCTIC AND HUDSON BAY LOWLANDS: ARCTIC AND HUDSON BAY LOWLANDS Usual to think the Arctic has few if any plants
During which two months would you expect to see the most Arctic growth? The Arctic - the most varied Canadian region: The Arctic - the most varied Canadian region This is the Brodeur peninsula of Baffin Island
Describe the shape of the land, the amount and type of vegetation, the amount of water present
Brodeur Peninsula - Baffin Island: Brodeur Peninsula - Baffin Island These are called Hoodoos
Do you think these were formed by wind, waves or rivers? Baffin Island Greenshield Glacier: Baffin Island Greenshield Glacier Continental glaciers or icefields Shark Fjord: Shark Fjord This valley was carved out by a narrow band of glacial ice cutting into the plateau on either side Labrador - Torngat Mountains: Labrador - Torngat Mountains Ayr Lake - Baffin Island: Ayr Lake - Baffin Island Very remote to most Canadians
Some mining industries are leaving a permanent mark on the landscape District of Mackenzie: District of Mackenzie District of Mackenzie: District of Mackenzie What season is this?
What evidence is there that this area experiences warm summers?
Describe the nature of soil in this region District of Mackenzie: District of Mackenzie Why would these features be called ‘kettles’?
Where do these ‘kettles’ drain out?