Recreation and Leisure

Category: Education

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Recreation and Leisure:

Recreation and Leisure Julie Watson, MHS, OTR/L


Objectives Explain the importance of participation in recreation and leisure for people with disabilities Analyze the current status of support for inclusion in recreation and leisure for people with disabilities Examine the role of the OT in providing support for inclusion Discuss adaptive strategies and AT for participation in recreation and leisure Illustrate ways community stakeholders can increase support for inclusion in recreation and leisure


Importance Quality of life Fun Social Skill development Wellness Physical Prevention of chronic disease Improved function Psychosocial

Related Laws:

Related Laws IDEA Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act The Olympic and Amateur Sports Act ADA

History of Adapted Sport:

History of Adapted Sport 1870’s-Deaf baseball 1885-Deaf football 1906-Deaf basketball 1907-Visual disabilities track meet 1924-International Silent Games 1949-National Wheelchair Basketball Tournament 1960’s-Paralympics and Disabled Sports, USA 1968-Special Olympics

Current Status:

Current Status Segregated choices Limited to suburban/urban areas Little support in community settings Cost Lack of awareness Overestimation of risks Increasing opportunities

Process for support:

Process for support

Identifying Interests:

Identifying Interests Collaborate Client Family Caregiver Health professionals play a key role Try out multiple options Communicate facts and benefits

Identify Resources:

Identify Resources Know your community Places Local organizations People

Support Strategies:

Support Strategies Individualized and flexible Physical Social Skill acquisition AT Who can help? Person already in the setting Person who comes into the setting

Integration Continuum:

Integration Continuum Less Restrictive More Restrictive

Role of AT:

Role of AT Minimum support necessary Many different options Cycling Fishing Golf Hunting Skiing (Water and Snow) Water sports Others

Facilitate Friendships:

Facilitate Friendships Bridge-building Individualized Creative Close relationship Setting specific


Collaborate Human service organizations Learn from community agencies Providing consultation Providing staff support Providing information Offer funding Community Agencies/ Organizations Commitment to inclusion Increase responsibility Staff support and training Contribute financial and other resources


References Murphy, N.A., Carbone, P.S., & the Council on Children With Disabilities. (2008). Promoting the participation of children with disabilities in sports, recreation, and physical activities.  Pediatrics , 121 (5), 1057-1061. Walker, P. (1999). Promoting Inclusion in Recreation and Leisure Activities: An Information Package. Retrieved from Syracuse University, National Resource Center on Supported Living and Choice Web site: http:// Wilhite , B. & Shank, J. (2009). In praise of sport: Promoting sport participation as a mechanism of health among persons with a disabilitiy . Disability and Health Journal, 2 (3), 116-127. Winnick , J.P. (Ed.). (2000). Adapted Physical Education and Sport (3rd ed.). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics

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