Category: Education

Presentation Description

No description available.


By: quenitacastelino (111 month(s) ago)

We have an assignment on Mythology and management. Can you please share this ppt?

Presentation Transcript

Mythology defined by me: 

Mythology defined by me Mythology: (n.) a collection of fictional stories associated with a particular group or the history of an event; traditional stories about gods and heroes; account for the basic aspects of existence; a group of myths that belong to a particular people or culture and tell about their ancestors, heroes, gods, and other supernatural beings, and history; a body of stories, ideas, or beliefs that are not necessarily true about a particular place or person


The best known and the most important sea god, Manannan rode the waves as though they were horses and had a ship called "the wave-sweeper" that sailed itself without oars or a sail. In another account, he had a chariot pulled by a white horse, and crossed the water as though it were land. Manannan was lord of the sea but he also had important responsibilities in the Otherworld, where he ruled the land of promise, a mythical paradise closely related to the Avalon of King Arthur. Manannan carried his possessions in a skin bag; they included the letters of the alphabet and a cloak that he could wave between people to ensure that they never met. It changed destinies and was as varied in color as the sea. He also owned a sword called "the Answerer", which could pierce any armor, and a breastplate that offered absolute protection. He had animals that could be slaughtered and eaten, coming to life again for the next feast. Manannan was also a legendary shape-shifter, adept at magic, and wandered Ireland in many different forms, often playing harmless tricks on mortals. Inis Manann, the Isle of Man, was named after him and he was it's first King.


The ancestor of all the gods, Danu (also known as Don and Danaan) was an earth mother and fertility figure dating from a remote period in pre-Christian Ireland. In some accounts, she is said to be the wife of the Dagda, others hold that she was his mother or his daughter. As the mother of the gods, Danu was a life-giving force; she had a protective interest in rivers, streams, and wells, and gave prosperity to her people. Although there were malicious aspects to her character, her offspring, the Tuatha De Danaan ("the tribes of the goddess Danu"), represented the forces of good and battled the dark, evil Fomorians, whom they replaced as mythical inhabitants of Ireland. When the Tuatha De Danaan were defeated by the Milesians (sons of Mil) they retreated underground and, in popular tradition, turned into sidhe or "fairies". Danu was demonized by Christian missionaries as a crone who captured and ate children.


A trickster figure born from a stone egg. Monkey (otherwise known as Sun Wu-kung) was a central character in the Chinese  legend, "The Journey to the West", in which gods and demons battle with each other. The legend tells how he ruled over the monkeys and how he wanted to escape death. The Buddha imprisoned him after a dispute with the Jade Emperor, and because he drank the elixir of immortality, he was released from prison so that he could accompany the pilgrim monk Xuanzang on an epic journey. An adept magician, Monkey was a master of the martial arts and extremely well equipped - he had a iron pillar which pounded the Milky Way into existence and magically changed size. He was also a shape-shifter who could travel anywhere in an instant with his cloud-stepping shoes. The legend ends with his triumphal emergence as the god of victory, Monkey grants prosperity and good heath to his worshipers.


Born form the left eye of her father Izanagi, the sun goddess Amaterasu is the supreme deity in Japanese mythology. She watches over human affairs and the business of the state. Known as the “heaven-shining great goddess,” she fills the heavens with her radiance; when she conceals herself, darkness comes. She foiled her brother Susano-Wo’s initial challenge for her kingdom by breaking, eating and spitting out his sword. When he again challenged her supremacy, she retreated to the rock cave of Heaven, plunging the earth into darkness while he rampaged. Eight hundred deities tried to entice Amaterasu from her cave with entertainment. The sounds of dancing and laughter drew her to look out, and when a mirror was brought forward, she stepped toward it to view her glorious beauty. The story explains the seasons, as well as periods of fertility and famine.


Horus wandered off evil spirits and in some areas of Egypt became identified as the morning sun, a manifestation of Re known as Re-Horakhety. Horus is a solar god with the attributes of Re, and was depicted as a falcon or a falcon-headed man. He was often represented as falcon wings on either side of a solar disc; the pharaohs were considered to be the embodiment of Horus. He had four children, who protected the dead from thirst and hunger and guarded their entrails in the tomb. In early traditions Horus and Seth were brothers. Later, when the myth of Osiris emerged, Horus was held to be his son and Seth his brother. It was as son of Osiris that Horus emerged to avenge his brutal murder by Seth. Horus lost an eye in his battle against Seth, later giving this eye to Osiris, a gift that helped Osiris to rise from the dead. The Eye of Horus became a very popular protection and charm, and the sun and moon were sometimes called the “Eyes of Horus.”


The daughter of the sun god Re, Hathor’s many titles included “Lady of the Universe” and “Lady of Heaven.” Known as the “Celestial Cow,” she created cows, later becoming responsible for all the farm animals, and punished farmers who neglected their livestock. She was also the protector of infants, perhaps because mothers and cattle both produce milk to suckle their young. Hathor embodied fertility and the Egyptians made her responsible for the female libido. They later associated her with love and sex and referred to her as “lady of the vulva.” Unsurprisingly, the Greeks linked her with Aphrodite. Hathor was also the goddess of dance and her cult encouraged the playing of music, with worshipers shaking the sesheshet, a sacred rattle, in her honor. Her priestesses also made music by shaking a ritual necklace made with heavy beads. As the goddess of beauty, Hathor was often depicted on the back of women’s mirrors. She was worshipped all over Egypt, and became closely identified with the great Egyptian goddess Isis.


One of the six sons of Rangi and Papa, Tane is the Maori god of the forests. He created light in the form of the sun and moon, and made the stars to clothe his father’s body. He is hailed as the first planter of trees. His first attempts were not entirely successful. He made the branches legs for the trees to walk on, and the roots like hair, which waved in the open air. At length, he turned the trees upside them and they took root. Henceforth they would provide food for humans and animals. Tane argued and fought with his jealous siblings and was promiscuous, mating with many female beings to produce animals, natural features and plants. On the advice of his father, Rangi, he made the first woman, with whom he at first mated. She bore him a daughter with who he also slept with. The girl was so horrified by this incestuous liaison the she fled to the underworld, vowing to take the children of Tane with her, thus creating death.


The Wawilak or Wawalag Sisters are examples of the feminine principle that balances the masculine principal of the Rainbow Snake. During the Dreamtime, the sisters emerged from the sea off Arnhem Land. The elder carried a small child, while the younger was pregnant. They both carried spears, which they used to hunt the animals they encountered with great skill. They made their way across the land, naming the animals and plants they encountered, brining meaning and form to what had formerly been formless. When it was time for the younger sister to give birth, they stopped at a waterhole. The elder sister went hunting but any animal she tried to cook, leaped out of the fire into the waterhole. Unbeknown to the sisters, the waterhole was the home of the Rainbow Snake, who owned all the game animals in the area. Disturbed by the sisters, the snake swallowed them whole. However, he was later forced to vomit them up. The story deals with the origin of the rainy season, which is the product of an interaction between the snake, the masculine principle, and the sisters, the feminine principle, who alone are not able to bring the rains.


Thought to be another Voodoo god of African origin, Ghede it the Iwa of the dead. Which Legba is the sun lord of the crossroads between heaven and earth, Ghede is his dark brother, who stands at the crossroads between life and death. He is also the bawdy, ribald joker, the great leveler, whose appearances are usually welcomed for the hilarity they bring. An inveterate prankster, he is sometimes the uninvited guest at rituals held for other Iwa. Ghede knows that sexuality is inevitable and central part of life. He takes great pleasure in making fun of those who are uncomfortable with their sexuality. As Baron Samedi (Baron Saturday), his outfit is a top hat and black tail coat, set off with dark sunglasses. He carries a cane in one hand and a big cigar in the other. More suave than Ghede, the Baron is jovial and jocular but also much more sinister. He is the Lord of the Dead who governs all the occult forces of sorcery and necromancy. His consort is Brigitte, who is named after the Catholic St. Bridget. She is the guardian of graves, a powerful magical Iwa of the cemeteries as the consort Baron Cimetiere (Baron Cemetery), yet another manifestation of Baron Samedi.


The great goddess of Voodoo, Erzulie represents the feminine principle in all its complexity and variety. In some manifestations, she has the attributes of the Graeco-Roman goddess of love, Venus-Aphrodite. She is usually shown in elaborate dress and has many lovers, including, the sea god Agwe, the sky serpent Danballah and the warrior god Ogoun. When she possesses a devotee, her first act is to perform and elaborate toilette. She is provided with makeup, fine clothes and expensive perfume. She has both Rada and Petro aspects. As Erzulie Danto, she is the dominating but homely matriarch, identified with the Black Madonna; as Erzulie Freda, she is the dizzy starlet of the Iwa, who loves luxurious living; as the Petro Iwa Erzulie Ge-Rouge (red eyes), her love and charms can turn into shrieks of fury and hatred.


Huitzilopochtli emerged fully armed and fighting from his mother Coatlicue’s womb and became the protector of the Aztec nation, a symbol of its might. A courageous figure who may have had its roots in a historical warrior who led the Aztecs to victory, Huitzilopochtli was their supreme god and central figure in their mythology. In a clear reference to his power and the esteem in which he was held, the Aztecs linked him with the sun at zenith and with fire. He was honored at the year’s main festival, Panquetzaliztli, a festival of dancing during which slaves were killed in mock battles to mark the beginning of the military season. Huitzilopochtli’s name meant “hummingbird;” the bird was associated with the idea and practice of sacrifice.


The “Lady Rainbow,” was the old moon goddess in Maya mythology, in which human activities were associated with phases of the moon. Ix Chel was depicted as an old woman wearing a skirt with crossed bones, and she carried a serpent in her hand. She had an assistant sky serpent, who was believed to carry all of the waters of the heavens in its belly. She was often shown carrying a great jug filled with water, which she overturned to send floods and powerful rainstorms to Earth. Her husband was either the creator god Itzamna or the sun god K’inich Ajaw. Ix Chel had a kinder side and was worshipped as the protector of weavers.

Celtic Mythology: 

Celtic Mythology Ireland is made up of music, art, history, philosophy, religion, and of course, mythology. Some famous musicians include fiddle legend, Tommy Peoples, singer, instrumentalist, and songwriter in both traditional and rock genres, Paul Brady, and a hugely successful pop rock band, The Cranberries. There are also many famous artists including Irish painter of 1793-1861, Francis Danby, Irish Sculptor of 1818-1874, John Henry Foley, and Irish-born American painter of 1819-1878, James Hamilton. John O’Donovan is one of Ireland’s greatest Gaelic scholars, historians and genealogists. He recorded his impressions of Fermanagh in 1834 and gives us a glimpse of a hidden Ireland 20 years before the great famine. He observed the folklore and antiquities of the country, the ancient kingdoms, their conflicts and their rulers and placed them in the context of the ancient Irish Annals which go back 1,400 years. Another famous historian, Patrick S. Dinneen was ordained a Jesuit priest in 1894, but he resigned the order six years later to devote his life to the study of the Irish language. He compiled the standard Irish-English dictionary, Foclóir Gaedhilge agus Béarla, which was first published in 1927, and was a leading figure to the Irish. Dorothy Macardle was another Irish author and historian who lived from 1899 to 1958. Her book, The Irish Republic, is one of the most frequently cited narrative accounts of the Anglo-Irish War and its aftermath. She is generally regarded as the definitive contemporary historian from the republican anti-treaty perspective. There are also many gods and goddesses of Celtic mythology including the Megalithic Mother Goddess, Morrigan, God of Love (the Celtic answer to Cupid), Aonghus, Irish Broth of a God, Dagda, Celtic Goddess of wind, wisdom and fertility, DANU, the Hound of Ulster (champion tough-guy of many legends and adventures), Cuchulainn, fiery Irish Goddess in charge of poetry, healing, smith craft and martial arts and very popular, Brigit, a very Deer God, Cernunnus, and finally, The Shining One, Lugh. Although these are just a few Celtic gods and goddesses there are many more.


Phalangecus, known for his “Great Hand”, is the god of Eclipse Five, a vast water aquarium in the Corner Room of the Great Key-Chen. He lifts back the sky like a trap door and pours colorful flakes which greatly appeal to the slimy creatures of the water world. His son Henrietta, half god and half crayfish, was eaten by a terrible mass of Carrassius Auratus. This tore Phalangecus apart but he still takes very good care of his kingdom despite his distress over the loss of his young prince. He always hates to see a belly-up creature so he makes sure his biosphere is excessively clean and he makes sure there are always spare flakes throughout the tank. His loyal subjects see the great Phalangecus as a large blue mass of care and compassion and they regard him in the highest.


Hoola-hana is an evil goddess who sets fire to anything and everything she pleases. She burned down the Great Tree of the Kokorico forest, which was the woodland creatures prized shrine, because she was having a bad hair day. The Great tree was the source of all the food in the forest and grew nuts that healed the sick. Hoola-hana carries a long stick which shoots fire. Although the people of the Kokorico forest fear and greatly dislike Hoola-hana, they obey her every command for fear of her terrible wrath.


Truncatus was a very intelligent man who studied dolphins. He loved studying them and teaching them tricks and training them to do all sorts of tasks. One day Truncatus was taking two of his dolphins who he was done training into the middle of the ocean to release them back into the wild. Suddenly a terrible storm abrewed and blew his ship off track. Finally the intensity of the waves broke through the ship. Truncatus found himself struggling to stay afloat in the middle of the ocean. Only a few minutes later he felt two cold, slippery bodies swim under him and gently carry him through the ocean. He was so tired form the storm that he wasn’t really paying attention to what was going on but his two dolphins that he was going to release was brining him to shore. They reached the shore of what seemed to be an undiscovered island. With no communication Truncatus learned to live off of the land. His dolphins stayed close by and caught his food. One day villagers saw Truncatus and watched him closely as he played with the dolphins. They were in complete shock and did not know how this man could get the dolphins to listen to his every command. The villagers thought he must be some sort of a god. When they approached Truncatus they came bearing gifts of humbleness and peace. They called him the god of the dolphins and treated him like royalty. Truncatus decided he liked his new life and never left it.


In the kingdom of Confectionary bonbon, on a street paved with gumdrops of all colors, in a mansion made of gingerbread crackers and all sorts of candy lived the goddess, Reine Glace. This goddess had the power to change anything she wanted into candy with spots of frosting and tons of sugar. She used her powers wisely as she turned her entire kingdom into sweets of all shapes and sizes. She turned the beautiful crystal clear waters into rich chocolate lakes and the trees into red and white candy canes. Her husband Rei Bala oversees all the subjects of Confectionary Bonbon. Her daughter, Pirulito has a vivid imagination and is in love with a common tree-cutter, Herr-Minze. Her parents greatly object to her love for this humble worker because they have arranged for her to marry the great Lakritze. What they do not know is that Lakritze just wants power to take over the beautiful kingdom to turn it into his dreamland of cold, black licorice.

Task 1 Citations: 

Task 1 Citations Hirsch Jr., E.D., Joseph F. Kett and James Trefil. The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy. 3rd ed. 2002. Encarta World English Dictionary. North American Edition, 2006. Microsoft, Bloomsbury Publishing Plc. "mythology." Unabridged (v 1.1). Random House, Inc. 30Dec.2006. <> The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition Copyright 2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Kohler, Peter. “What is Mythology?.” The New York Times Company. 2006 <>

Task 2 Citations (Celtic): 

Task 2 Citations (Celtic) Manannan: “Who is Manannan Mac Lir?” The Temple of Manannan Areas. May 2006. < is/index.html> “Manannan-MacLir.” Celtic Mythology. 5 July 2004. <> Browning, Nigel, pub. The Book of Gods and Goddesses. New York: Quid Publishing, 2004. Pg. 54 Danu: Lindemans, Micha F. “Danu.” Encyclopedia Mythica. 2 August 1997. <> “Danu.” Celtic Mythology. 5 July 2004. <> Browning, Nigel, pub. The Book of Gods and Goddesses. New York: Quid Publishing, 2004. Pg. 54

Task 2 Citations (Chinese): 

Task 2 Citations (Chinese) Monkey: “Monkey King.” China Guide: Chinese Culture. 2000-2002. <> “Monkey.” Chinese Mythology. 29 August 2006. <> Browning, Nigel, pub. The Book of Gods and Goddesses. New York: Quid Publishing, 2004. Pg. 102 Amaterasu: Lindemans, Micha F. “Amaterasu.” Encyclopedia Mythica. 30 November 2005. <> “Amaterasu.” Japanese Mythology. 29 August 2006. <> Browning, Nigel, pub. The Book of Gods and Goddesses. New York: Quid Publishing, 2004. Pg. 106

Task 2 Citations (Egyptian): 

Task 2 Citations (Egyptian) Horus: Cass, Stephanie. “Horus.” Encyclopedia Mythica. 16 January 2004. <> “Horus.” Egyptian Mythology. 29 August 2006. <> Browning, Nigel, pub. The Book of Gods and Goddesses. New York: Quid Publishing, 2004. Pg. 18 Hathor: Cass, Stephanie. “Hathor.” Encyclopedia Mythica. 16 January 2004. <> “Hathor.” Egyptian Mythology. 29 August 2006. <> Browning, Nigel, pub. The Book of Gods and Goddesses. New York: Quid Publishing, 2004. Pg. 18

Task 2 Citations (Oceanic): 

Task 2 Citations (Oceanic) Tane: Lindemans, Micha F. “Tane.” Encyclopedia Mythica. 27 December 1998. <> “Tane.” Oceanic Mythology. 29 August 2006. <> Browning, Nigel, pub. The Book of Gods and Goddesses. New York: Quid Publishing, 2004. Pg. 122 Wawilak Sisters: Mason, Timothy. “The Wawilak Sisters.” Timothy Mason’s Site. <> “Wawilak Sisters.” Oceanic Mythology. 29 August 2006. <> Browning, Nigel, pub. The Book of Gods and Goddesses. New York: Quid Publishing, 2004. Pg. 122

Task 2 Citations (Caribbean): 

Task 2 Citations (Caribbean) Ghede: Lindemans, Micha F. “Ghede.” Encyclopedia Mythica. 5 April 2001. <> “Ghede.” Caribbean Mythology. 29 August 2006. <> Browning, Nigel, pub. The Book of Gods and Goddesses. New York: Quid Publishing, 2004. Pg. 118 Erzulie: Lindemans, Micha F. “Erzulie.” Encyclopedia Mythica. 5 April 2001. <> “Erzulie.” Caribbean Mythology. 29 August 2006. <> Browning, Nigel, pub. The Book of Gods and Goddesses. New York: Quid Publishing, 2004. Pg. 118

Task 2 Citations (Aztec): 

Task 2 Citations (Aztec) Huitzilopochtli: Lindemans, Micha F. “Huitzilopochtli.” Encyclopedia Mythica. 28 April 2002. <> “Huitzilopochtli.” Aztec Mythology. 29 August 2006. <> Browning, Nigel, pub. The Book of Gods and Goddesses. New York: Quid Publishing, 2004. Pg. 76 Ix Chel: “Ix Chel, Mayan Goddess of the Moon.” Goddess Myths. <> “Ix Chel.” Aztec Mythology. 29 August 2006. <> Browning, Nigel, pub. The Book of Gods and Goddesses. New York: Quid Publishing, 2004. Pg. 76

Task 3 Citations: 

Task 3 Citations “Artists by Nationality: Irish Artists.” Artcyclopedia. <> “Musicians.” Island Ireland. November 15, 2006. <> “The gods of Celtic Mythology.” Celtic Mythology. < mythology.php> Hurley, John W. “Irish Philosophy and Spirituality.” 2003. <> Cassidy, Stephen. “The Letters of John O’Donovan.” The Cassidy Clan. 1998-2006. Cassidy Clan. <>

Picture Citations: 

Picture Citations Mercer, Conrad. “I am a Monkey.” no data. Online image. Welcome to Conrod’s Home Page. 1 January 2007. <> Joe, Jimmy. “Manannan mac Lir riding Enbarr.” no data. Online image. Celtic Mythology. 1 January 2007. <> “Manannan Mac Lir.” no data. Online image. Celtictale. 1 January 2007. <> “Danu.” no data. Online image. Lunaea Weatherstone. 1 January 2007. <> “Danu on Lake Bratan.” no data. Online image. Bulgar. 1 January 2007. <> “hand.” no data. Online image. Grumbel’s World. 1 January 2007. <> Brunnmeier, Marcus. “Tree on Fire.” no data. Online image. The 1 January 2007. <> “Fairies Fun Candy.” no data. Online image. Fabric Attic. 1 January 2007 <,_drink.htm> Monaghan, Patricia. “Amaterasu.” no data. Online image. Hrana’s Gallery of Goddesses. 1991. 1 January 2007. <> “Seth vs. Horus.” no data. Online image. 1 January 2007. <> Ryan, Anita. “Hathor.” Reconnect with your inner Goddess. 1 January 2007. <> Monaghan, Patricia. “Ix Chel.” no data. Online image. Hrana’s Gallery of Goddesses. 1991. 1 January 2007. <> “Ghede.” no data. Online image. 1 January 2007. <> “erzulie.” no data. Online image. Ursi’s eso Garden. 1 January 2007. <> Adams, Lorri. “Tane Mahuta.” no data. Online image. Trek Earth. 1 January 2007. <> Emick, Jennifer. “Fet Ghede.” no data. Online image. Alternative Religions. 1 January 2007. <>

authorStream Live Help