About Bihar State


Presentation Description

Bihar is a state in eastern India. The population density of Bihar is 1102 people per square kilometer. According to the last statistics in 2011, the number of individuals in Bihar comprises 8.60 percent of India. Read more about the population of Bihar increase in 2020... https://indiapopulation2020.in/population-of-bihar-2020.html


Presentation Transcript

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Introduction Of Bihar ❏ Bihar the ancient land of Buddha has witnessed golden period of Indian history. It is the same land where the seeds of the first republic were sown and which cultivated the first crop of democracy. ❏ Such fertile is the soil that has given birth to innumerous intellectuals which spread the light of knowledge and wisdom not only in the country but in the whole world. ❏ The state has its capital at Patna which is situated on the bank of the holy river Ganga. The state as it is today has been shaped from its partition from the province of Bengal and most recently after the separation of the tribal southern region now called Jharkhand.

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History of Bihar ❏ The history of Bihar is one of the most varied in India. Bihar consists of three distinct regions each has its own distinct history and culture. They are Magadh Mithila and Bhojpur. ❏ Chirand on the northern bank of the Ganga River in Saran district has an archaeological record from the Neolithic age about 2500–1345 BC. ❏ Regions of Bihar—such as Magadha Mithila and Anga—are mentioned in religious texts and epics of ancient India. ❏ Mithila first gained prominence after being settled by Indo-Aryan peoples who established the Videha kingdom.

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Climate In Bihar ❏ There are three well-defined seasons: the hot-weather season lasting from March to mid-June the season of southwest monsoon rains from mid-June to October and the cold-weather season from November to February. ❏ May is the hottest month with temperatures regularly exceeding 90 ° F 32 °C except in the extreme north. The coolest month is January with temperatures typically rising into the low 70s F about 22 °C. ❏ The normal annual rainfall varies from about 40 inches 1000 mm in the west-central part of the state to more than 60 inches 1500 mm in the extreme north.

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Culture of Bihar ❏ The land of Buddhism and Jainism is rich in culture and tradition. People in Bihar celebrate a whole range of festivals. These festivals are inherently linked with the lifestyle and culture of people of Bihar. ❏ People in Bihar celebrate Holi Saraswati Puja Durga Puja or Dussehra Diwali and Bhaiya Dooj. Other than these festivals which are common among Hindus all across India ‘Chhath’ is specifically celebrated in Bihar. ❏ Holi festival is celebrated with great enthusiasm in Bihar. Holi songs locally called Phagua are full of rhythms and melodious. Biraha quite popular among local people has great history behind it.

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Dances of Bihar ❏ Over thousands of years various traditional dance forms have evolved in Bihar. The folk dance tradition in Bihar can be divided into three groups. First the dance performed during poetry performance. ❏ The second stream is those of the tribal people who are closer to mother earth and their dances are heavily influenced by indigenous development. ❏ The third stream relates to the other regions of south Bihar. Most of the folk dances are religious in nature in which gods and goddesses are invoked through dance performed to the rhythm of folk songs and music.

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Religions ❏ Hinduism is a major religion in Bihar. Most of the people follow this religion. The common people are so religious that it becomes a part of their everyday life. ❏ There are several Hindu temples throughout the state. Many temple sites are also famous pilgrimage sites like Gupteshwar Dham Deo Markandeya Bhaluni Temple and Chaurasan Mandir. ❏ Islam is the second largest religion in Bihar consisting 17 of the total population. There are numerous mosques within the state some of them are of mediaeval time. ❏ Bihar used to be a main centre of Sufism in mediaeval time frequently visited by many Sufi saints.

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Fairs and Festivals of Bihar ❏ These festivals and fairs are showcase of culture and lifestyle of the people of Bihar. ❏ While some festivals are of religious nature some highlight the cultural wealth of the state vibrant in myriad colors and forms. ❏ Sonepur Cattle Fair Nag Panchmi Makar Sankranti Mela and Pitrapaksha Mela are a few of the many names that come up in the Bihar calendar of fairs and festivals.

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Fairs and Festivals of Bihar ❏ Sonepur Fair: Situated on the confluence of rivers Ganga and Gandak Sonepur is 35 km from vaishali. The place hosts the Asia’s largest animal fair which starts from Karthik full moon day Oct /Nov. Sellers and buyers from across the country come here for transaction. ❏ Makar-Sankranti: The festival is known as Tila Sankranti among locals. People believe that from this day onwards the days become longer. Observed on January 14 every year the festival shows the benevolence of Indian people. People celebrate it by giving offerings to the poor.

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Fairs and Festivals of Bihar ❏ Chatth Puja: Chatth Puja is major festival celebrated in Bihar. People worship the Sun god and offer prayers. For the people of Bihar Chhath is the most important festivals and they celebrate it no matter where they are ❏ Pitrapaksha Mela: Held in Gaya in the month of September the Pitrapaksha Mela attracts people from all over the country. Every person prays god that he be blessed with a son who would offer him pinda daan lymph of rice at Gaya. The ‘Pindaadan’ offered here by the relatives of the dead is a must for the ‘moksha’ of the soul.

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Bihar Travel Tips ❏ Women travelers should avoid wearing tight fitting or revealing clothes to prevent unwarranted risk. ❏ Late night strolls better be avoided especially when you are alone. ❏ Refrain from getting overfriendly with strangers. Do not get too personal with people like taxi drivers auto drivers tourist guides etc. ❏ Never consume any eatable offered by strangers. If you accept it as etiquette demands make you do not eat. ❏ Keep all your cash and valuables under lock and key in your hotel room. Avoid carrying and exhibiting them in busy streets.

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Health Precautions ❏ Avoid consuming the roadside food. It might leave you with an upset stomach along with a satiated appetite. ❏ Do not have non-vegetarian dishes in cheap and lousy places. Whenever you feel like eating meat or fish it is advisable to go for high quality and hygienic places. ❏ Whenever you visit a local eating joint do not eat cut fruits and salads. It is better to stick to cooked and fried food as far as possible. ❏ Ensure that you always drink bottled water with an intact seal. Keep health hazards at bay and avoid drinking water at the roadside stalls dhabas and even the local restaurants.

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Population Of Bihar To get a clear idea of the population of Bihar in 2019 - 2020 we require the population data of the past 5 years. They are as follows: https://indiapopulation2020.in/population-of-bihar -2020.html

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