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Edit Comment Close Premium member Presentation Transcript The Beauties of the United States: The Beauties of the United States By: Students of the Power and Production of New Glarus High School 2003 Slide2: National Park Location Yellowstone National Park Wyoming Rocky Mountains National Park Colorado Mammoth Cave National Park Kentucky Death Valley National Park California Badlands National Park South Dakota Mesa Verde National Park Colorado Everglades National Park Florida Grand Canyon National Park Arizona Yosemite National Park NevadaSlide3: National Park Date Established Yellowstone National Park March 1, 1872 Rocky Mountains National Park January 26, 1915 Mammoth Cave National Park July 1, 1941 Death Valley National Park October 31, 1994 Badlands National Park November 10, 1978 Mesa Verde National Park June 29, 1906 Everglades National Park December 6, 1947 Grand Canyon National Park February 26, 1919 Yosemite National Park October 1, 1890 Denali National Park 1980Slide4: Most wild life is generated towards the geography of the area Such animals include: Bears Buffalo/Bison Snakes Elk Species of cats Mountain Goats Birds-bald eagles, vulchers, falcons… Reptiles Deer Coyotes Fox Slide5: Our Class has put together a presentation of several power points of the national parks Which includes: Yosemite Yellowstone Badlands Death Valley Everglades Grand Canyon Mammoth Cave Denali-AlaskaSlide6: Yosemite National Park By: Tom Sherven Located HereSlide7: Indian People have lived in the Yosemite region for as long as 8000 years. The Native people of Yosemite developed a complex culture rich in tradition, religion, songs, and political actions. The first sighting of Yosemite Valley by non-Indian people was by the Joseph Walker party in 1833. James Hutchings became the first entrepreneurs Yosemite was the first section of land set aside by the government in 1864, but not yet a national park.Slide8: Picture of Mountains in YosemiteSlide9: Continued History John Muir’s struggles against the destruction of the subalpine meadows surrounding the Yosemite Valley resulted in the creation of Yosemite National Park on October 1, 1890. By 1954 over one million people had visited the park By 1976 over two million had visited. And by the mid 90’s the visitation amount was at over 4 million people.Slide10: Yosemite is famous for the amount and size of WaterfallSlide11: Yosemite MapsSlide12: How the mountains and valleys were formed At least four glaciers formed the walls of Yosemite Valley and helped to create the spectacular cliffs and waterfalls. The snow from the Sierra Nevada mountain melted and followed the Merced River through Little Yosemite Valley. Slide13: Black Bears are very common and can cause great damage to campers and campers’ vehicle. in 1998 black bears caused 630,000 dollars in damage to vehicles and campsites. Wildlife of YosemiteSlide14: Continued Wildlife of Yosemite… More than 180 species occupy the forests and valleys of Yosemite National Park. They contain many birds, including several rare birds, a total of 247 different types of birds. The park also calls home to coyote, jay, mountain lion, falcons, and ringtail cats.Slide15: Yosemite contains two endangered species Bald Eagle Perigrine FalconSlide16: Facts of Yosemite Size: 747,956 acres of national park. highest point: 13,114 feet above sea level. Trails: 840 miles of trail Number of visitors per year: 4.1 million 4th most visited among National Parks. Plants: Fir, oak, pine, and sequoia trees.Slide18: Activities to do at Yosemite Auto touring Backpacking Biking Bird watching Rock Climbing Fishing Hiking Camping Rafting Photography Skiing Snowboarding Swimming Tours Wild life viewingSlide20: Sequoia Forests Yosemite is famous for the large Sequoia trees and forests. Some of the Sequoias stand more than 200 feet tall and over 30 feet in diameter. They may range from 2,500 to 3,000 years oldYellowstone National Park: Yellowstone National Park By: Aaron RuegseggerHistory/ Info.: History/ Info. In 1795 Yellowstone was opened for the first time. In the year 1895 the yearly visitor counts was up to 5,438 visited 1903-1904 the most famous structure in Yellowstone was built- The Old Faithful Inn 1988- fire outbreak that nearly burnt down Old Faithful Inn. 1916 President Woodrow Wilson signed into existence a new government agency, the National park Service forever changing the administration of our national parks The location of Yellowstone National Park is in Wyoming This park has a total 2,200,000 square Acres This is also the Eight largest National Park.Many Attractions: Many Attractions One of the famous geysers. Old Faithful. Yellowstone National Park is home to 10,000 thermal features, over 500 are that of geysers. Much of Yellowstone sits inside an ancient volcanic calderasWildlife: WildlifeBiking/ Hiking: Biking/ Hiking In Yellowstone there are many trails to either hike or for biking. The trails average from 2 to 9 miles of trails. Camping: Camping There are 12 campgrounds in Yellowstone National Park. Seven of these campgrounds are operated by the National Park Service. Which are Indian Creek, Lewis Lake, Mammoth, Norris, Pebble Creek, Slough Creek and Tower Fall. Camping in Yellowstone is a very unique and interesting visit, with all of the different animals to see and observe.Fishing: Fishing Yellowstone National Park is managed as a natural area to protect plants, wildlife, geology and scenery. None of the fish in this park are stocked, and populations depend on sufficient number of spawning adults to maintain natural reproduction.Wildlife out of control: Wildlife out of control Although watching the animals, you do not want to stand very close incase it suddenly gets spooked. Statistically animals rarely get out of control unless they feel endangered. Badlands: Badlands By: Tyler BeutlerLocation and Size: Location and Size The Badlands are located in the South-western part of South Dakota. The badlands national park consists of 244,000 acres of land. It is blended with the largest, protected mixed grass prairie in the United States. The wilderness area covers over 64,000 acres.The Weather & Climate: The Weather & Climate The Badlands experience hot, dry summers with occasional violent thunderstorms. During the winter, they are typically cold with 12 to 24 inches of snow. Extremely high winds are common year-round.Badlands during the Winter: Badlands during the Winter The Badlands in the summer: The Badlands in the summerWildlife in the Badlands: Wildlife in the Badlands Bison Black-footed ferret Bighorn sheep Designations: Designations The National Monument was established on January 25, 1939. The National Park was established on November 10, 1978.Important People to the park: Important People to the park President Franklin Roosevelt issued a proclamation on January 25, 1939 that established Badlands National Monument. In the late 60's, Congress passed legislation adding more than 130,000 acres of Oglala Sioux tribal land, used since World War II as a U.S. Air Force bombing and gunnery range, to the Badlands to be managed by the National Park Service. An agreement between the Oglala Sioux Tribe and the National Park Service governing the management of these lands was signed in 1976. History of the Badlands: History of the Badlands The Stronghold Unit is co-managed with the Oglala Sioux Tribe and includes sites of 1890s Ghost Dances. The national monument in 1939, and then redesignated “National Park” in 1978. The national park contains the world’s richest Oligocene epoch fossil beds, dating 23 to 35 million years old.More Pictures of the Badlands: More Pictures of the Badlands Death Valley : Death Valley By: Jason CampbellPhotos Death Valley: Photos Death Valley Black Mountains Funeral MountainsPanamint mountain Range: Panamint mountain RangeSlide45: Death Valley National Park was established on February 11, 1933. It covers over 3,000 square miles, which is larger than Yellowstone National Park. The Floor of the Valley is almost 300 ft. below sea level, which is known as the lowest point in the western hemisphere.Pictures : Pictures Climate weather data for Death Valley month Average high temp. Average low temp.: Climate weather data for Death Valley month Average high temp. Average low temp. January 64.6 39.1 March 80.4 45.6 May 99.3 70.7 June 109 80.3 August 113.2 85.5 November 75.7 48.1 December 65.1 39.4Why it is called Death Valley: Why it is called Death Valley Death Valley was named by gold seekers some whom died crossing the valley during the 1849 California gold rush. Death Valley had the highest temperature in the United states, with a temperature of 134° Death Valley terrain: Death Valley terrain Death valley is a vast terrain of high mountains like Telescope Peak (11,049) in the Panamint range and low points like Death Valley, which from Telescope Peak is about 2 miles below. Death valley was formed by powerful forces of water, wind and gravity.History of Area: History of Area This area was inhabited with Panamint Indians when pioneers arrived in 1849. In 1851 Silver was discovered in the area and 49ers came to the area to mine the silver The first wagon party had 30 men in it. By the end only 18 survived. Most died from starvation and to the elements because of the little rainfall and the harsh climate. Famous People: Famous People The best known prospector was Death Valley Scotty. He was a colorful personality whose tales help publicize the valley. He was also involved in the Harmony Borax works. Which in the 1880’s a 20 mule team hauled their borax loads a grueling 165 miles to a railroad in Mojave. On this trip they would take about 46,000 pounds of borax at a time.Pictures of death Valley: Pictures of death Valley Animal life: Animal life Desert shrew Silver haired bat Desert cottontail Coyote Badger Bobcat Mule deer Desert big horn sheep Plant life: Plant life Desert lily Death valley blazing star Desert dandelion Desert Peach Chia Recreation activities: Recreation activities Biking Hiking Camping Sight seeing The best time to visit death valley is in the spring when most plant life blooms. Size of Death Valley: Size of Death Valley Death valley National park is about 3.3 million acres. Everglades: Everglades By: Griffin RostanWhere?: Where? Spanning the southern tip of the Florida peninsula and most of Florida Bay, Everglades National Park is the only subtropical preserve in North America. Everglades National Park has been designated a World Heritage Site, an International Biosphere Reserve, and a Wetland of International Importance. What’s in it?: What’s in it? It contains both temperate and tropical plant communities, including; Sawgrass prairies mangrove and cypress swamps pinelands, and hardwood hammocks marine and estuarine environments The park is known for its rich bird life; roseate spoonbill wood stork great blue heron variety of egrets. It is also the only place in the world where alligators and crocodiles exist side by sideHistory: History 1916 Royal Palm State Park, on Paradise Key, was created as the first protected area of the Everglades 1923 Efforts to campaign for a national park are underway 1928 Ernest Coe and other organized the Tropical Everglades park devoted solely to the creation of a national park in south Florida Coe, an architect made the everglades park his life workHistory: History 1929 U.S. Congress authorized an investigation into the feasibility of a national park in south Florida May 30, 1934 An act was passed authorizing a park of 2,164,480 acres to be acquired through public and private donation 1944 Congress Authorized the establishment of a wildlife refuge 1946 Congress appropriated $2 million for the purchase of private lands in the everglades 1947 Park is EstablishedNumbers: Numbers 1947 460,000 acres 1950 1,228,500 acres 1958 1,499,533 acres 1989 1,509,533 acres Total Visitation 1,080,250 Budget $13,604,000 for 2003 $13,604,000 for 2002 $13,437,000 for 2001 $13,172,000 for 2000Activities: Activities Biking Bird Watching Boating Camping Fishing HikingFacts: Facts The Largest designated wilderness, east of the Rocky Mountains The Largest Continuous stand of sawgrass in North America Most significant breeding grounds for tropical wading birds in N. America A nationally significant estuarine complex in Florida Bay Significant ethnographic resources, revealing 2,000 years of human occupation Has the largest mangrove forest in N. AmericaAnimals: AnimalsSlide68: The Great Blue Heron Anhinga: Anhinga Grand Canyon National Park: Grand Canyon National Park John LaheyFacts: Facts The Grand Canyon is one of the most studied geologic landscapes in the world. The canyon averages 4,000 feet deep for it’s entire 277 miles. The Canyon itself has formed only in the past five or six million years. It is 6,000 feet deep at it’s deepest point. 15 miles at its widest. The park contains several major ecosystems. The oldest rocks on the canyon bottom are close to 2000 million years old. In 2002, the total recreation visits was 4,319,586Location: Location The grand canyon is located in the northwest corner of Arizona. The Colorado river runs through the grand canyon, but the feature we know as the Grand Canyon lies entirely in Arizona.Size: Size The park includes 1,218,376 acres or 1,904 square miles. The Grand Canyon itself is 277 miles long. If you took a walking trip to the bottom of the canyon and back, it would take two days.History: History Professional believed that 3,000 to 4,000 years ago, the desert Archaic people lived within the grand canyon. Pictographs of many cultures are widely found in the region. By the 1880’s, a number of livestock companies were developing in the grand canyon area of Arizona. By the 1890’s, there were over 100,000 head of cattle, and more than 200,000 head of sheep grazing the land. Plants & Animals: Plants & Animals The park is home to rare and specially protected plant and animal species which include: Over 1,500 plant 355 bird 89 mammalian 47 reptile 9 amphibian 17 fish species Fun: Fun Looking at the beautiful views of the canyon is the number one activity for most of the visitors. Other activities include: Hiking Rafting Trips Backpacking Mule Rides Horseback Rides Camping Scenic Air Tours Photos: PhotosThe North Rim: The North RimMammoth Cave : Mammoth Cave Chase LeglerHistory: History Over 12,000 years ago PaleoIndians discovered the cave They used the cave for shelter. Mammoth cave was established as a national park July 1, 1941. It was recognized by the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization. History Continued: History Continued During the war of 1812, Mammoth Cave was mined by slaves for saltpeter Saltpeter is a key ingredient in gunpowder. Which they needed during the war. Buy the 1800’s the cave was used as a tourist attraction. Though no one knew quite how large it was. An early survey, in 1908, revealed 45 miles of passages. The actual length is around 600 MilesAnimal life: Animal life Most of the animals in mammoth cave are reptiles such as Snakes Toads Frogs There are also bats in the cave along with some fish in the streams.Location: Location The Mammoth cave is found in Kentucky. Activates : Activates There are many activates to do at the Mammoth cave national park. Caving Hiking Camping Fishing Horse back riding Trail finding Inside and outside the Cave: Inside and outside the CaveFloyd Collins: Floyd Collins Floyd explored Mammoth cave and got trapped under a rock. Eventually he died but people were looking for him and while looking for him discovered Mammoth Cave. Mesa Verde National Park: Mesa Verde National Park By Michael DahlkHistory: History Established in 1906 to preserve prehistoric Indian cliff dwellings Contains hundreds of 13 century old pueblo ruins Cliff Palace is the largest pueblo ruin Cliff Palace was excavated in 1909Location & Size: Location & Size Located in Southwestern Colorado Near Cortez and Mancos 52,085 acresDesignations: Designations National Park- June 29, 1906 Wilderness- October 20, 1976 World Heritage Site- September 6, 1978Wildlife: Wildlife Golden Eagles Coyotes Mountain Lions Tarantulas BullsnakesRecreational Activities: Recreational Activities Skiing in the winter Camping Hiking Sightseeing Horseback riding Whitewater Rafting Pictures: Pictures Facts: Facts Mesa Verde means “Green Table” For 1,300 years, Agrarian Indians have occupied the mesa and surrounding regions Over four thousand archeological sites are in the Mesa Verde National Park 600 are cliff dwellings Some dwellings have been badly damaged by looters before it became a national parkFacts Continued: Facts Continued You can ONLY enter cave dwellings if a Park Ranger is accompanying you Mesa Verde National Park seeks to protect and preserve the ancient cliff dwellingsThings To Do: Things To Do Go to evening campfire programs that are given daily from early June to September, in Morefield Campground During the summer see non-denominational religious services Things To Do Continued: Things To Do Continued At Far View and Chapin Mesa, exhibits illustrate the arts and crafts of both the prehistoric and historic Indians of the region. Wayside exhibits throughout the park interpret the cliff dwellings and other archeological remains. ROCKY MOUNTAINS: ROCKY MOUNTAINS Researched and Created By Jesse SaundersQuick Facts: Quick Facts Located in Estes Park and Grand Lake, CO Gross Area Acres – 265,765 Total Recreation Visits – 3,005,524 Annual Budget (2003 Fiscal Year) – $10,082,000 History: History Evidence shows man 10,000 years ago Major Stephen H. Long Came because of governmental expedition Summer 1820 Joel Estes First settler 1859 History Continued: History Continued Within a year Estes holdings became a Welshman Griff Evans Added an extra cabin Began to take in guests The first tourist accommodation in Estes Park Peaceful Park Windham Thomas-Quin Fourth earl of Dunraven Came December of 1872 Wanted some “sport” and hunting Came again in ’73, ’74… By ’77 owned much land and built Estes Park HotelMore History: More History More famous people came through Horace Ferguson Abner Sprague Elkanna J. Lamb The JAMES family Gold and Silver Fever 1880’sBeginning of Tourism: Beginning of Tourism Boost in tourism when F.O. Stanley came to help health issues in 1903 Decided to invest: Built a first class hotel Stanley Hotel Built an electric plant Donated money for road improvement Also transported people via Stanley Steamer Busses Due to efforts of F.O. Estes Park Protective and Improvement Association was established in 1906 for the purpose of protecting the wildflowers and wildlife and improving roads and trailsThe grander view: The grander view Enos Mills born in Kansas, but came when he was 14 Colorado Snow observer Appointed Government Lecturer on Forestry Bought the Longs Peak Inn 1909 proposed National Park and Game ReserveRocky Leaders: Rocky Leaders F.O. Stanley-Stanley Steamer Co. C.H. Bond Abner Sprague Denver Chamber of Commerce and Colorado Mountain ClubWhat it took to begin: What it took to begin Next few years Mills fulfilled many speaking engagements, wrote many articles and worked to gain support Envisioned a huge national park Business interest opposed but over ruled Inception: Inception Park bill drafted and passed through senate October 9, 1914 The house January 12, 1915 Signed by President Wilson January 26, 1915What the Park has to Offer 2003: What the Park has to Offer 2003 Auto Touring Backpacking Biking Bird Watching Camping Climbing Cross Country Fishing Hiking Horseback riding Interpretive Programs Mountaineering Nature Walks Snow Skiing Snow Shoeing StargazingSlide115: Denali National Park Slide116: Location and Size Located in Alaska Denali covers over 6 million acres Visitation number: approx. 400,000 visitors per year 1917: Mount McKinley National Park was established 1980: Denali National Park was established History: The park was originally established to protect its large mammals, not because of majestic Mount McKinley. Charles Sheldon conceived the plan to conserve the region as a national park. Naturalist, hunter, and conservationist, Sheldon first traveled here in 1906 and again in 1907 with a packer and guide named Harry Karstens. (Karstens later made the first ascent of Mt. McKinley's south peak and would serve as the park's first superintendent.) Sheldon devoted much of his 1907 travels to studying boundaries for the proposed national park that would include territories suitable for a game refuge. When Sheldon returned to the East in 1908, the Game Committee of the Boone and Crockett Club, of which he was chairman, launched the campaign to establish a national park. Largely due to these efforts, Mount McKinley National Park was established in 1917. Its population of Dall sheep and other wildlife were now legislatively protected. However, Mount McKinley itself was not wholly included within the boundaries. HistoryContinued History: Continued History The North peak of Mount McKinley, the true summit was reached for the first time in 1913 by three American climbers. Harry Karstens, the park’s first superintendent was one of the three to complete the climb.Plants and Animals: Plants and Animals Denali National park contains many species of animals. They include: Dall Sheep, Caribou, Grizzly Bears, Gray Wolves, Moose, and 32 other smaller species. Birds: 159 species, including gyrfalcons, hawk owls, goshawks, golden hawks, golden eagles, and artic ternsMount McKinley: Mount McKinley Denali National Park is famous for Mount McKinleyCredits: Credits This PowerPoint was put together by our power and production class in New Glarus, Wisconsin. Our class was made up of Tyler Beutler, Jason Campbell, Michael Dahlk, John Lahey, Chase Legler,Griffin Rostan, Aaron Ruegsegger, Jesse Saunders, and Tom Sherven. You do not have the permission to view this presentation. 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