Living Working Space WS2 2 1 07

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Slide1: 

NASA/NSTA Web Seminar: Living and Working in Space: Energy LIVE INTERACTIVE LEARNING @ YOUR DESKTOP Thursday, February 1, 2007 7:00 p.m. to 8:00 p.m. Eastern time

Slide2: 

Providing Energy for Space Systems Steven E. Johnson United Space Alliance, LLC ISS Flight Controller NASA Johnson Space Center Copyright © 2007 by United Space Alliance, LLC.  These materials are sponsored by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under Contract NAS9-20000 and Contract NNJ06VA01C.  The U.S. Government retains a paid-up, nonexclusive, irrevocable worldwide license in such materials to reproduce, prepare, derivative works, distribute copies to the public, and perform publicly and display publicly, by or on behalf of the U.S. Government.  All other rights are reserved by the copyright owner.

Who I Am: 

Who I Am Originally from Indiana, currently in Texas BS in Electrical Engineering from Purdue University International Space Station (ISS) Flight Controller since 2000 Work in Mission Control Center (MCC), Houston, TX

What I Do: 

What I Do ISS is ‘flown’ from MCC, not from a ‘cockpit’ Flight Controllers monitor data sent down from ISS and send up commands to ISS Commands to ISS manipulate systems, turn equipment on/off, and change operational functions Almost all failures on board ISS are assessed, troubleshot, and recovered by Flight Controllers in MCC

Slide5: 

ISS Mission Control Center (MCC) Where’s Steven?

Today’s Learning Objectives: 

Today’s Learning Objectives After reviewing the presentation, participants will: List the three types of spacecraft power systems. State advantages and disadvantages of spacecraft power system types Identify the type of power system theoretical spacecraft should employ

Energy Systems 101 Powering Spacecraft: 

Energy Systems 101 Powering Spacecraft

Spacecraft Power System Options: 

Spacecraft Power System Options Voyager Galileo Ulysses Cassini at Saturn Viking on Mars &

Nuclear Power Evaluation: 

Nuclear Power Evaluation Nuclear Power Advantages Provides a very long-term energy source Allows independent space system operation Solar pointing system not required Currently the only viable option for non-solar missions longer than ~2 weeks and missions traveling beyond Mars

Nuclear Power Evaluation: 

Nuclear Power Evaluation Nuclear Power Disadvantages Low power capability Expensive Requires custom-built system for each application

Spacecraft Power System Options: 

Apollo Space Shuttle Spacecraft Power System Options &

Energy Storage Evaluation: 

Energy Storage Evaluation Energy Storage Advantages Allows independent space system operation Solar pointing system not required

Energy Storage Evaluation: 

Energy Storage Evaluation Energy Storage Disadvantages Limited mission duration Requires custom-built system for each application Fuel Cell systems produce by products (water) which must be stored/dumped

Spacecraft Power System Options: 

Mir Hubble Mir Spacecraft Power System Options

Solar Power Evaluation: 

Solar Power Evaluation Solar Power Advantages Unlimited energy supply Modular Established manufacturing base Cost effective

Solar Power Evaluation: 

Solar Power Evaluation Solar Power Disadvantages Requires a significant illumination source Most solar-powered space systems require additional energy storage (battery) systems Most free-flight systems are dependant on a vehicle control system to point the spacecraft and/or solar arrays

Slide17: 

International Space Station Update

International Space Station Prior to STS-115/12A: 

International Space Station Prior to STS-115/12A

International Space Station After STS-115/12A: 

International Space Station After STS-115/12A

International Space Station After STS-116/12A.1 (Current): 

International Space Station After STS-116/12A.1 (Current)

ISS Facts: 

ISS Facts How long does it take for the ISS to go around the Earth one time?

International Space Station After STS-116/12A.1 (Current): 

International Space Station After STS-116/12A.1 (Current)

International Space Station After STS-117/13A: 

International Space Station After STS-117/13A

International Space Station After STS-120/10A: 

International Space Station After STS-120/10A

ISS Facts: 

ISS Facts Can the Space Station be seen from Earth without a telescope?

Slide26: 

http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/home/index.html The ISS can be seen from Earth without a telescope

Slide27: 

I have seen the ISS from Earth without a telescope. Yes No Not sure

International Space Station After STS-115/15A: 

International Space Station After STS-115/15A

International Space Station Assembly Complete: 

International Space Station Assembly Complete

Slide30: 

Apply Your Knowledge

Theoretical Application 1 : 

Theoretical Application 1 Engineering is developing a small free-ranging robotic device to operate outside of the ISS. The device will need to Operate for 6 hours Have 12 Volt video, photograph, and control systems

Theoretical Application 1: Answer: 

Theoretical Application 1: Answer Energy Storage (battery) Why?

Theoretical Application 2 : 

Theoretical Application 2 A space system is required to investigate Jupiter’s moon Io The system will be launched on an unmanned rocket The system will operate for 6 years or more The system will perform scientific research using sensors, cameras, and sample collectors

Theoretical Application 2: Answer: 

Theoretical Application 2: Answer Nuclear Power Why?

Theoretical Application 3 : 

Theoretical Application 3 A mission has been requested for sun surface observation and space environment sensing The spacecraft will need to Orbit the sun for 10+ years Observe the sun with video and radiation detection equipment Sense space weather events

Theoretical Application 3: Answer: 

Theoretical Application 3: Answer Solar Power Why?

Energy Systems 101: Summary Powering Spacecraft: 

Energy Systems 101: Summary Powering Spacecraft

Slide38: 

National Science Teachers Association Gerry Wheeler, Executive Director Frank Owens, Associate Executive Director Conferences and Programs Al Byers, Assistant Executive Director e-Learning LIVE INTERACTIVE LEARNING @ YOUR DESKTOP NSTA Web Seminars Flavio Mendez, Program Manager Jeff Layman, Technical Coordinator Susan Hurstcalderone, Volunteer Chat Moderator

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