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Definition: Multimedia is the presentation of a computer application incorporating media elements such as text, graphics, animations, audio, and video. Classification of media types: Classification of media typesCaptured Versus Synthesized Media: Captured Versus Synthesized Media Captured media refers to information types captured from the real world (e.g. Still pictures, moving pictures, and sound). Synthesized media refers to information types synthesized by the computers (e.g. Text, graphics and computer animation). Discrete Versus Continuous Media: Discrete Versus Continuous Media Discrete media refers to media involving space dimension only (e.g. Still images, text and graphics). Discrete media is also referred to as static media or non-time-based media or non-temporal media or space-based media. Continuous (time based) media refers to time-based media (e.g. Sound, moving images, and animation). Continuous media is also referred to as dynamic media or time-based media or temporal media. Multi-sensory system: Multi-sensory system According to Dr. Albert Mehrabian, a specialist in interpersonal communication at the University of California, says: Multimedia allows for seeing, hearing and doing (multi-sensory system) People recall 20% of what they see 40% of what they see & hear 70% of what they see, hear & doCharacteristics of Multimedia System: Characteristics of Multimedia System They must be computer-controlled. User is able to view, hear, and see using a Multimedia PC System. They are integrated. At least one discrete and one continuous media combined for information presentation and sharing. …continued: …continued The information they handle must be represented digitally. Consists of various form of media i.e. text, graphics, audio, video, and animations; created, stored, processed, and transmitted DIGITALLY. The interface to the final user may permit interactivity. User is able to navigate, interact, create, and communicate. Benefits of using multimedia in software: Benefits of using multimedia in software Ease of use User friendly, increase user’s effectiveness Intuitive Interface Allows user to determine functions of an application by their own intuition Immersive Experience - Software application takes over the entire computer screen, allows user to focus on application Benefits of using multimedia in software: Benefits of using multimedia in software Self-paced interaction & better retention - allows information processing at one’s own pace Better understanding - simultaneous presentation of different media provides richer & broader range of information. Cost effectiveness - less training, less technical support Problems with Multimedia : Investment costs - multimedia involves high volume of content - expensive copyright and royalty Technical barriers (accessibility issues) - upgrade IT & PC infrastructure Sociopsychological barriers - Generation gap - Learning rates - Learning in group/individual - Importance of teacher Legal problems - Copyright Problems with Multimedia Where to use multimedia ?: Where to use multimedia ? Business Government Education Broadcasting & Entertainment Research & Development HealthBusiness: Business Interactive Multimedia Merchandising Online-shopping Kiosks Virtual shopping / home shopping http://www.thevirtualmall.co.uk/ Desktop Videoconferencing Due to the high cost of transportation and the large amount of employee time spent traveling to meetings, videoconferencing is on the rise. …continued: …continued Multimedia Travel Systems These systems enable the travel agents to show their customers about where they will travel, what will be their accommodation like, and what they will be able to do at their destinations. www.visitmalaysia.com.my Real Estate Multimedia systems enable buyers to visit hundreds of properties virtually, view on screen photos of homes, inspect floor plans, see street maps, and study neighborhood demographics. www.penangtimessquare.com…continued: …continued Corporate Training Many corporations have used multimedia to reduce training cost and improve employee productivity. Advertising and Electronics Brochures The electronic brochure is an advertising and marketing tool that usually consists of single diskette or CD-ROM sent to targeted audiences. Corporations are also beginning to offer shareholders annual reports on CD-ROM. www.porsche.comGovernment: Government Public Service Kiosks Multimedia kiosks convey public service information such as jobs and employment opportunities. City-info kiosks offer to citizens and travelers the ability to find information on addresses, points of interest, shops, restaurants, public transportation, hours of opening, guided tours, city transport info. …continued: …continued Politics Multimedia in general and internet in particular are playing a big role in politics and virtual campaigning where every political candidate contesting in an election has a web site. Consumer Information Multimedia based CD-ROMs are available which contains government information on a wide variety of topics: government forms, list of government offices in each state, tax preparation etc. Education: Education Computer Aided Learning To assist student through simulation for better understanding such as volcano eruption, corrosion, language pronunciation, etc. www.quiz-tree.com/Elementary-Math_Multiplication-12_1_MC-4.html Virtual Campus Learning takes place in a virtual classroom using video conferencing and online lecture so that students all around the world can attend. Broadcasting and Entertainment: Broadcasting and Entertainment Electronic catalogue Product features and descriptions are advertised through web, CD and mobile devices. Interactive Movie Viewers can decide the direction of the plot of the movie and camera angle. www.romeomag-et-vous.fr On-demand News or movies News, movies and TV series can be watched on demand through web and mobile devices. http://soccernet.espn.go.com …continued: …continued 3D or animated movies Movies created through advance 3D technology and animation techniques. Video Games Advances in the field of multimedia have led to more attractive video and computer games being available now in the consumer market. …continued: Virtual Reality Virtual Reality refers to the use of a computer to immerse the user into a simulated experience that it seems real. Virtual reality systems often use special hardware to enhance the experience, including visual displays. …continued Cyber Sports Cyber Sports is the use of virtual reality to provide computer users with a realistic sports experience. Two new interactive virtual reality devices let you “Swing” and “Hit” balls at your PC.Medicine: Medicine Virtual Surgery Virtual surgery authoring system has been created for producing surgical training simulation. Surgeons can use 3-D images created from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of the human body to practice complicated procedures such as brain tumor removal and reconstructive surgery. …continued: …continued Video Conferencing and Image Retrieval The use of imaging techniques (X-Rays, CT, MRI etc) is growing in health care. The collection, maintenance, processing and distribution of these records can be significantly improved by using computer based storage and multimedia networking. Once these records are integrated with the on-line patient information and easily shared by both local and remote physicians, it results in a large number of benefits like reduced cost and improved care. Multimedia Products: Multimedia Products Briefing eg: corporate presentation, sales presentation and educational lectures. Reference eg: encyclopedias, dictionaries Database eg: library system, phone directory …continued: …continued Education and Training eg: - Instructor support products – Resource materials for instructors - Standalone or self-paced products – Learning materials for students to study at their own pace Kiosk eg: bank machines, mall information centers. Entertainment and Games eg: computer games and movies. Evaluating Multimedia Products: Evaluating Multimedia Products Evaluation can be done from two perspectives: User’s Perspective Subject and Content Platform Usability Cost Developer’s Perspective Content Performance Delivery Interface User’s perspective: User’s perspective Subject/content Area of interest Entertainment value – multimedia games and sports-related products Education, training or learning objectives – how-to and subject-related products Need for information – encyclopedia or similar reference products…continued: …continued Platform (hardware and software) Focus on what type of equipment the user has and if it is compatible with a specific product. Criteria for evaluation: Hardware platforms Computer processor speed and data bus requirements Memory sizing …continued: …continued Usability Usability means that the user can apply, learn, use the program efficiently. The key criteria here are: Learning/training time: how long does it take to learn how to use the product, Error rate: how often mistakes made by the users and how severe is the mistake?, Task Time: how long does it take to accomplish a task, Retention: how difficult is for the user to operate and how attractive is the product to use.…continued: …continued Cost The cost can be the first or the last factor considered by many people. Generally, users are willing to spend depending on how much is gained. Developer’s perspective: Developer’s perspective Developer must evaluate and aim to improve their product better than the last. From the developer’s perspective, evaluation will cover: - Content - Performance - Delivery - InterfaceDeveloper’s perspective: Developer’s perspective Content Product domain or subject matter- is the material useful for the end user? Message – How does the product communicate the information? Will the users understand it? Comparison to comparable products …continued: …continued Performance Developer must consider that general users have equipment that has much less capabilities, so products should always be tested on a range of platforms before they are released. Graphic, audio and video presentation should be use wisely not to slow down the application for slower machine.…continued: …continued Delivery Delivery means how fast user is able to use the product depending on the speed of the installation procedure, the configuration and documentation. The instructions should be straightforward, easy to configure and documentation are thorough and adequate.…continued: …continued Interface Ease-of-use for novice users Depth for experienced or expert users Navigation features all work and are all useful and user-friendlyEnabling Technologies: Enabling Technologies The main reason for increasing popularity of multimedia lies in dramatic concurrent advances in some enabling technologies Higher processing power More memory capacity Bigger storage capacity Better compression technology Carrier and transmission technology Input and output device technology Protocol technology Database technology Software technology You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.