The Farm Bill South Dakota Assembly

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The Farm Bill: 

The Farm Bill

Purpose of Government: 

Purpose of Government Defend its People Feed its People

History of the Farm Bill: 

History of the Farm Bill Before 1933 – No Farm Policy Prices were erratic Violent swings in profitability Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 Major crops: Corn, Soybeans, Wheat, Cotton, Rice, Peanuts and Tobacco Secretary of Agriculture appointed CEO

What is the US Farm Policy?: 

What is the US Farm Policy? Abundant Food Reasonable Prices There is a natural tension between what is perceived as “reasonable” price by the consumer and by the producer Since there are more consumers than producers, the policy is often referred to as a “Cheap” Food Policy

Ramifications of a Cheap Food Policy: 

Ramifications of a Cheap Food Policy In the United States Demands efficiency in production practices Does not recognize farming as a way of life Leads to consolidation Larger operations to compete

Ramifications of a Cheap Food Policy: 

Ramifications of a Cheap Food Policy In the World Forces developing countries to produce at the same cost as the USA does Discourages labor intensive farming Sets world price for produce and commodities

Advocacy: 

Advocacy Is a public witness to the Gospel of Jesus Christ where the church speaks with and on behalf of others in need, articulating positions consistent with our faith. Our policy base consists of the ELCA social statements, messages, social policy resolutions and statements or actions of predecessor church bodies.

Sufficient Sustainable Livelihood for All: 

Sufficient Sustainable Livelihood for All Social statement of the ELCA adopted at the 1999 Churchwide Assembly in Denver Vote 872-124 87.6%

Sufficient Sustainable Livelihood for All: 

Sufficient Sustainable Livelihood for All Work: In Genesis, work is to be a means through which basic needs might be met, as human beings "till and keep" the garden in which God has placed them (Genesis 2:15). Work is seen not as an end in itself, but as a means for sustaining humans and the rest of creation. Due to sin, the work God gives to humans also becomes toil and anguish (Genesis 3:17,19). Injustice often deprives people of the fruits of their work (Proverbs 13:23), which benefits others instead.

2005 United States Budget: 

2005 United States Budget TOTAL $2,343 Billion Defense 430 Billion 18.4% Social Security 512 Billion 21.8% Medicare 272 Billion 11.5% Medicaid 199 Billion 8.5% Interest 204 Billion 8.7% Remainder 728 Billion 31.1%

2005 United States Budget: 

2005 United States Budget REMAINDER $728 Billion 31.1% Treasury 238 Billion 10.2% Agriculture 80 Billion 3.4% Veterans Affairs 67 Billion 2.9% Education 63 Billion 2.7% Transportation 55 Billion 2.3% Others 225 Billion 9.6%

2005 Dept of Agriculture Budget: 

2005 Dept of Agriculture Budget 3.4% of your tax dollars If you paid a $1,000 in taxes you put $34 into the Agriculture budget Where did it go?

2005 Dept of Agriculture Budget: 

2005 Dept of Agriculture Budget Farm & Foreign Agricultural Services Rural Development Food, Nutrition & Consumer Services Natural Resources Conservation Services Forest Service $21,833 Million 28.3% 134 Million 0.2% 43,815 Million 56.8% 1,102 Million 1.4% 5,135 Million 6.7%

2005 Dept of Agriculture Budget: 

2005 Dept of Agriculture Budget Food Safety Research, Education & Economics Marketing & Regulatory Other TOTAL (2005) $ 904 Million 1.2% 2,502 Million 3.2% 1,989 Million 2.6% - 279 Million - 0.4% $77,135 Million

2005 Farm & Foreign Service: 

2005 Farm & Foreign Service FSA – Farm Service Agency RMA – Risk Management Agency (Crop Insurance) FAS – Foreign Ag Service CCC – Commodity Credit Corporation $ 974 Million 1.3% 3,066 Million 4.0% 1,062 Million 1.4% 16,731 Million 21.7%

2005 Food, Nutrition & Consumer: 

2005 Food, Nutrition & Consumer Food Stamps Child Nutrition Programs (School Lunch) WIC – Women, Infants and Children $26,834 Million 34.8% 12,013 Million 15.6% 4,959 Million 6.4%

Where Did My $34.00 Go? : 

Where Did My $34.00 Go? Food Stamps Commodity Credit Child Nutrition Forest Service WIC Crop Insurance Research, Education Rest $11.83 34.8% 7.37 21.7% 5.30 15.6% 2.26 6.7% 2.19 6.4% 1.35 4.0% 1.10 3.2% 2.60 7.6%

What Issues in US Farm Policy?: 

What Issues in US Farm Policy? Feeding the Poor (Sufficient Sustainable Livelihood for consumers of food) Sufficient Sustainable Livelihood for the producers of food Sufficient Sustainable Livelihood for people of developing nations

Who is served by the Farm Bill?: 

Who is served by the Farm Bill? Food Stamps (2005) School Lunch WIC – Women, Infant and Children 25,682,486 in US 56,095 in SD 29,643,155 in US 103,986 in SD 8,022,615 in US 21,580 in SD

Who is Served by the Farm Bill?: 

Who is Served by the Farm Bill? Farm Service Agency (2004) 1,456,492 in US 39,922 in SD

Economic Impact in South Dakota: 

Economic Impact in South Dakota Food Stamps School Lunch WIC FSA (2004) Economic Impact in South Dakota $61,477,144 in SD 20,991,777 in SD 13,784,962 in SD 729,011,877 in SD $825 Million in four programs serving over 221,000 people

Sufficient Sustainable Livelihood for All: 

Sufficient Sustainable Livelihood for All Where does your congregation stand on the relationship between production agriculture and consumers? What is the relationship between your local Food Bank and supplemental food programs from the Farm Bill?

Sufficient Sustainable Livelihood for All: 

Sufficient Sustainable Livelihood for All The percentage of the United States budget going to the Farm Bill continues to drop. How does this affect production agriculture? How does this affect those who can not advocate for themselves? How does this affect my congregation? How does this affect me?

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