Spain in the 16TH AND 17TH CENTURIES

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Hasburg Dynasty: Carlos I and Felipe II

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Spain in the 16TH AND 17TH CENTURIES:

Spain in the 16 TH AND 17 TH CENTURIES HASBURG DYNASTY

The 16 th century: Carlos I and Felipe II:

The 16 th century : Carlos I and Felipe II Spain was the most powerful nation in Europe , especially during the reigns of Carlos I and Felipe II. Carlos I began the Habsburg dynasty : H e concluded the conquest of America He entered into several wars with France. U nsuccessfully confronted the Protestants . Ferdinand Magellan and Juan Sebastian Elcano made the first voyage around the world . CARLOS I

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Inherited the Spanish land and American lands But not the title of Emperor . Charactristics of his reign : Continual wars brought economic ruin to the country: He confronted : the Protestants , the Turkish Muslims in the Battle of Lepanto in 1571 and was defeated by the English In The Spanish Armada Annexed Portugal and decreed the explusion of the Moriscos . FELIPE II: son of Carlos I

THE 17TH CENTURY: Felipe III, Felipe IV and Carlos II :

THE 17TH CENTURY: Felipe III, Felipe IV and Carlos II Spanish empire experienced a period of economic crisis caused by : lack of money from funding wars, and a reduction in the amount of gold and silver from America because s hips were attacked by pirates. The population decreased due to: a bad harvest that hit the Peninsula the expulsion of the Moriscos . emigration to America , 3 great epidemics plagues and wars. A drop in trade, made the population poorer. Finally, the lost of European territories implied that Spain was not a powerful nation in Europe.

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In spite of the economic crisis, the 17 th century in Spain is known as the Golden age because it was an exceptional period for science, art and literature. W riters : Francisco de Quevedo, Lope de Vega , Miguel de Cervantes, Calderón de la Barca. Painters : Velázquez, Zurbarán, Ribera and Murillo. Cervantes Velazquez Las Meninas

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Questions and answers Why did the population decrease during the 17 th century? Because of a bad harvest hit the Peninsula, the expulsion of the Moriscos, emigration to America and the continual wars. You have to answer it well Who made the first voyage around the world? Ferdinand Magellan and Juan Sebastián Elcano. When did Felipe II decreed the expulsion of the Moriscos? He decreed the expulsion of the Moriscos in 1571. What was the 17th century known as? The 17th century was known as the Golden Age.

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