Loic_VM_2ION1_presentation

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Being an expat in Portugal Loïc Van Mechelen

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Portugal? Ronaldo Nice weather Delicious food & drinks

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My expat Nathalie Merckx 35 years old Belgium, Leuven Tourism and recreation management Organizes incentives for big multinationals

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National Language National language Portuguese Main foreign languages Enlish (27%) French (24%) Similarity

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Individualism Belgium Individualism Family > group Portugal Collectivists Loyalty & responsibility (group) Belgium Portugal

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Masculinity Portugal Collectivism reflects in low score on masculinity Feminine countries = consensus, equality & quality = compromise & negotiation Belgium Portugal

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How did Nathalie experienced these dimensions? Trouble to adapt and network Portuguese: at ease with their existing group & try to protect it comfortable with locals (collectivism) In the beginning: hard to enter a group but once they accept you: you are twice as important INDIVIDUALISM: LOW MASCULINITY: LOW

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Uncertainty avoidance = the way a society deals with the fact that the future can never be known High score: they feel threatened by unknown situations try to avoid these situations emotional need for rules Belgium Portugal

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Business culture Good work-life balance Clear business communication Medium power distance Work ethic: they work very hard & have low wages More open minded “less rules & more space to be creative” - N. Merckx

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Power distance Belgium & Portugal score equal on this dimension (high) Differences in interpretation BE: clear hierarchy formal attitude towards managers PT: little hierarchical distance is accepted lack of interest towards subordinates = not done Belgium Portugal

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Lifestyle Nathalie: “ I had to downgrade my lifestyle” Portugal is cheaper than Belgium but… wages are lower! Minimum wage BE €1500 /month PT € 580 /month Wages in Belgium are a multiple of the Portuguese ones, but expenses aren’t.

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Conclusion A lot of remarkable differences (needs of individualism, wages …) Two fantastic countries

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THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION!

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