Honorable Educator - Howard Gardner, Ph.D.

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LAI 800, Spring 2016

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Howard Gardner, Ph.D.:

Howard Gardner, Ph.D. By Lisa Parisi LAI - 800 US Graduate School of Education 2016

Background:

Background Howard Gardner was born on July 11, 1943, in Scranton, Pennsylvania. He loved piano and taught lessons from 1958-1969. He excelled in school, graduating from Harvard University in 1965 with an A.B. in social relations, and later a Ph.D. in developmental psychology. He has been working at the Harvard Graduate School of Education since 1986, establishing a master’s degree in Mind, Brain, and Education in 2000.

Historical Significance:

Historical Significance Howard Gardner is the author of thirty books and has written several hundred articles. Since the 1990s, he has directed The Good Project , a group of initiatives that promotes “excellence, engagement, and ethics in education, preparing students to become good workers and good citizens who contribute to the overall well-being of society.” Gardner is best known for his theory of multiple intelligences.

Multiple Intelligences:

Multiple Intelligences Gardner identified, in 1991, seven distinct intelligences. This theory "documents the extent to which students possess different kinds of minds and therefore learn, remember, perform, and understand in different ways.” (Gardner, 1991) These differences, Gardner says, “challenge an educational system that assumes that everyone can learn the same materials in the same way and that a uniform, universal measure suffices to test student learning.”

Changes:

Changes Once I heard about MI, I realized that my intelligence was real. It just wasn’t all encompassing. I was intelligent in the Verbal-Linguistic and Intrapersonal areas. But not strong at all in Musical, Visual-Spatial, or Mathematical. And then I started wondering about my students. If I could be “smart” in some areas and not so “smart” in others, couldn’t they? So I started focusing more on MI and helping my students learn and demonstrate knowledge in various ways. This lead me to Universal Design for Learning. And my teaching hasn’t been the same, since. I was first introduced to Howard Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences in 1990, when I took a course on differentiating instruction in the classroom. The idea that intelligence doesn’t mean just one area was a catalytic idea for me. My whole life I had been known as highly intelligent because I was an early reader and had a high IQ. But I often felt the interpretation of my intelligence was incorrect, since there were so many areas in which I struggled.

Extension?:

Extension? Prior to this research project, I had hoped that Howard Gardner would move on with his Multiple Intelligence Theory to discussing how to use MI to help children learn to be powerful and collaborative with their intelligences. This would then lead to social activism. What I have learned is that he has done just that! His Good Project moves toward excellence, ethics, and engagement for students.

Resources:

Resources Lane, C. "Learning styles and multiple intelligences: Distributed learning/IMS projects." Retrieved March 7 (2000): 2011. "Home Page." The Good Project: Ideas and Tools for a Good Life . N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Sept. 2016. "Howard Gardner." Harvard Graduate School of Education . N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Sept. 2016. "Theory of Multiple Intelligences." Wikipedia . Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 10 Sept. 2016. Gardner, Howard. Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences . New York: Basic, 1983. Print. TheBrainwavesChannel. "Howard Gardner - Excellence, Engagement and Ethics." YouTube . YouTube, 16 Dec. 2015. Web. 10 Sept. 2016.

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