Prof Thomas Meyer

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Social vs. Libertarian Democracy: 

Social vs. Libertarian Democracy Prof. Dr. Thomas Meyer, University of Dortmund, March 2006

Social vs. Libertarian Democracy: 

Social vs. Libertarian Democracy

Liberal Democracy: 

Liberal Democracy libertarian social

Social Democracy Index: 

Social Democracy Index

Index Values range from 0 to 25 points, whereas 0 points indicate the absence of any features of Social Democracy, 25 points indicate a fully developed Social Democracy: 

Index Values range from 0 to 25 points, whereas 0 points indicate the absence of any features of Social Democracy, 25 points indicate a fully developed Social Democracy

Are social and economic basic rights institutionalised? Yes = (2) No = (0): 

Are social and economic basic rights institutionalised? Yes = (2) No = (0)

Right Based Welfare State: 

Right Based Welfare State

Public social expenditure by broad social policy areas of GDP 0-14,9% = (0) 15-19,9% = (1) 20-25,9% = (2) über 26% = (3): 

Public social expenditure by broad social policy areas of GDP 0-14,9% = (0) 15-19,9% = (1) 20-25,9% = (2) über 26% = (3)

Co-ordinated markt economy (index by Hall/Gingerich) 1-0.67 = (3) 0.66-0.34 = (2) 0.33-0.10 = (1) 0.09-0 = (0): 

Co-ordinated markt economy (index by Hall/Gingerich) 1-0.67 = (3) 0.66-0.34 = (2) 0.33-0.10 = (1) 0.09-0 = (0)

Co-determination extensive = (2), limited = (1), no at all or very restricted = (0): 

Co-determination extensive = (2), limited = (1), no at all or very restricted = (0)

Poverty Rate (percentage of population with an income under 50% of Median) 0-7,9% = (3) 8-10,9% = (2) 11-12,9% = (1) over 13% = (0): 

Poverty Rate (percentage of population with an income under 50% of Median) 0-7,9% = (3) 8-10,9% = (2) 11-12,9% = (1) over 13% = (0)

Social stratification within the educational system (PISA) 0-11 = (3) 12-16 = (2) 17-20 = (1) over 21 (0): 

Social stratification within the educational system (PISA) 0-11 = (3) 12-16 = (2) 17-20 = (1) over 21 (0) * amount of participants too low for assuring comparability

Employment / population ratio 0-60,9 = (0) 61-65,9 = (1) 66-69,9 = (2) over 70 = (3): 

Employment / population ratio 0-60,9 = (0) 61-65,9 = (1) 66-69,9 = (2) over 70 = (3)

Income equality (3) = low level of income inequality; (0) = high level of income inequality Gini-Index 0-26,9 = (3) 27-31,9 = (2) 32-34,9 = (1); 35-100 = (0) : 

Income equality (3) = low level of income inequality; (0) = high level of income inequality Gini-Index 0-26,9 = (3) 27-31,9 = (2) 32-34,9 = (1); 35-100 = (0)

Ranking: Social Democracy (Period of Investigation 1999-2005; Spain & Belgium data partially from 1995): 

Ranking: Social Democracy (Period of Investigation 1999-2005; Spain & Belgium data partially from 1995)

Social Democracies Libertarian Democracies : 

Social Democracies Libertarian Democracies Outcomes Low poverty rates (< 7%) Redistributive educational systems Low rates of income inequality (< Gini 0,239)

Social Democracies Libertarian Democracies: 

Social Democracies Libertarian Democracies

Social Democracies Libertarian Democracies: 

Social Democracies Libertarian Democracies