ancient china

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China BCE: 

China BCE Adler Chapters 6 and 18 Impressions of China

Geographical Influences: 

Geographical Influences Mountains, sea, and desert provide some protection and isolation Vulnerable to northwest River valleys 1. Yellow(Huang Ho) earliest civilization - damaging floods 2. Yangtze- very important in unification- transportation- irrigation

Earliest Civilizations- most isolated: 

Earliest Civilizations- most isolated Earliest- Neolithic- Ban Po- similar to other parts of the world/ one of the oldest Shang Dynasty 1500-11 BCE in No China along the Huang Ho- raised silk worms- silk part of lure and fascination of China, famous for bronze sculpture, daggers, jade jewelry paid homage to ancestors- family important Chou (Zhou) 1027-256-longest-developed foundations for Chinese society

Ancient China Way of Life- Confucianism p58-59: 

Ancient China Way of Life- Confucianism p58-59 Moral and ethical code highly developed treat everyone with consideration Advocated paternalistic government Value on family head- ancestor respect Values- loyalty, righteousness, wisdom, sincerity very practical and humanistic Gentility

Daoism (Taoism) LaoTzu (Lao Zi) p 60: 

Daoism (Taoism) LaoTzu (Lao Zi) p 60 contemporary of Confucius Tao= the road way Absolute=sum of existence Goal to bring people into harmony very introspective not as influential as Confucius

Zhou (Chou) Dynasty (cont): 

Zhou (Chou) Dynasty (cont) Feudal society- emperor gave out fiefs Shang thought they had a divine right- Chou rulers had responsibility Zhou did take title “Son of Heaven” compared to medieval Europe- had a code for dress, fighting etc. no contracts

Ancient Philosophies: 

Ancient Philosophies About 500BCE Buddha, Confucius, Greek Philosophers and Chinese - Lao Tze Called a flowering period India more concerned with cosmos and soul China more concerned with ethical life on earth Ironic comparison of Asoka and Shi Huangdi

Qin (Ch’in) Dynasty 221-206 BCE : 

Qin (Ch’in) Dynasty 221-206 BCE dominated by “The First Emperor” Qin Shi Huangdi (Chin Shi Huang Ti) ambitious= understatement centralized the government- rid of feudal lords constructed roads and canals The Great Wall- sacrifice AND An amazing tomb found in 20th Cen

Han Dynasty 202BCE-220 CE(Roman Times): 

Han Dynasty 202BCE-220 CE(Roman Times) Similar: built cities, officials to carry out edicts, heavy taxes collapsed under invasions and internal revolts contact along the Silk Road, Buddhist Missionaries to China combination of Confucius and legalism advanced in science and literature invented rudder, paper, magnetic compass, acupuncture Short period of Civil War- Sui Dynasty connected two rivers with canal- over extended

Tang Dynasty 618-907 CE Contributions: 

Tang Dynasty 618-907 CE Contributions Internal renewal(improved lives of people) and external expansion Used formal civil service exam to recruit-set up university Tried to equalize land holdings- fought corruption literature and art flourished- Tang horses p 203 Inventions- paper during Han- used for clothes and tp- 589 used for writing- invented printing, gun powder, encyclopedia

Song(Sung) Dynasty 960-1279: 

Song(Sung) Dynasty 960-1279 moved the capitol east- economic expansion- used paper money, used abacus- Silk Road traffic at height when dangerous went to sea routes first period of great oceanic commerce trades tea, silk and porcelain for exotic woods and precious stones

The Mongols Nomadic peoples: 

The Mongols Nomadic peoples Loosely organized clans in a state of stress Genghis Kahn- son of impoverished noble with army of less than 130,000 conquered Asia mastered military tactics on horseback- pursue and ambush, firelance, took China Kublai Kahn- grandson Yuan dynasty at Peking- adopted Chinese ways- lasted 100 years- gave way to Ming dynasty

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