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Love and Attachment: 

Love and Attachment David A Kenny

Overview : 

Overview Discussed in Chapter 8 Love Rubin: Liking and Loving Sternberg: Triangular Theory of Love Lee: Colors of Love Attachment Styles Hazan andamp; Shaver Bartholomew

Rubin: Liking and Loving: 

Rubin: Liking and Loving First social psychologist to study love Prior research looked at attraction Rubin made the distinction between liking and loving (as well as scales). Opened the door to love research, but just a start.

Triangular Theory of Love: 

Triangular Theory of Love Intimacy Passion Commitment

Sternberg Triangle: 

Sternberg Triangle Components (three sides of a triangle) Passion Intimacy Commitment Eight possible combinations of love

Possible Types of Relationships: 

Possible Types of Relationships Liking (intimacy alone) Companionate Love (intimacy + commitment) Romantic Love (intimacy + passion) Empty Love (commitment alone) Fatuous Love (passion + commitment) Infatuated Love (passion alone) Consummate Love (all three) Intimacy Passion Commitment Nonlove (none)


Difficulty The Three Components Are Very Highly Correlated, Especially Intimacy and Commitment

Love Styles: 

Love Styles Lee’s Colors of Love (1977) Based more on literature, not research

Lee’s Colors of Love: 

Lee’s Colors of Love Eros Storge Ludus Pragma Agape Mania

Lee’s Colors of Love: 

Lee’s Colors of Love Eros – sexual love Ludus - love as a game Storge - commitment Mania - obsessive love Agape - dutiful and selfless love Pragma - realistic and practical love


Difficulties The Names Few People Endorse Certain Love Styles Mania Ludus People Endorse More Than One Style

Individual Differences in Love: 

Individual Differences in Love Infancy - Attachment Styles Developmental studies: 'Strange Situation' Attachment style develops based on interactions with primary caretaker Attachment style is not caused solely by the caretaker but rather is a dyadic process.

Attachment Styles: 

Attachment Styles Adulthood – Attachment Styles In infancy, people develop models of close relationships that they carry throughout their lives Hazan andamp; Shaver: Three Styles Bartholomew: Four Styles


Hazan & Shaver: 

Hazan andamp; Shaver (page 16) Secure – close and comfortable with others, doesn’t worry about abandonment or closeness (56%) Avoidant – uncomfortable being close to others, finds it difficult to trust and depend on others (25%) Anxious-ambivalent -- actively seeks intimacy but fears the loss of intimacy and partner rejection (19%)

Bartholomew Types: 

Bartholomew Types Two Different Types of Avoidance Want Relationship BUT Fear Rejection andamp; Mistrust Others Prefer Autonomy Independent Self-Reliant


Bartholomew (1990) Bartholomew Types

The Witness Not Heard at the OJ Trial: 

The Witness Not Heard at the OJ Trial Research by Dutton has shown that abused women are more likely to be preoccupied (53%) with only 4% secure. However, those who are fearful (35%) may have been under-sampled.

Fraley & Shaver: 

Fraley andamp; Shaver Two Dimensions Anxiety (Feelings about self) Avoidance (Feelings about others) There are not really attachment types but people are in a dimensional space (so you might be in-between two attachment types).


Can My Attachment Style Change?: 

Can My Attachment Style Change? Or did my parents x?*c+ me up forever? Evidence that attachment changes with different partners. Evidence that a 'good relationship' can decrease anxiety. Therapy can change styles.

Why the Success of Attachment Theory?: 

Why the Success of Attachment Theory? Tied to other areas of psychology developmental personality comparative Easy to study: Questionnaires given to one person Usually results in statistically significant differences

Next Class: 

Next Class Intimacy: Get in Touch with Your Feminine Side.

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