CEDD presentation June 07


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The Future Environmental Workforce CEDD Summer Program Conference: 

Skaneateles Falls, New York June 5-7, 2007 The Future Environmental Workforce CEDD Summer Program Conference Lek Kadeli, Deputy Assistant Administrator for Management Hal Zenick, Ph.D., Director, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory

Areas of Interest: 

Areas of Interest Collaboration R & D Productivity Technology Transfer Opportunities Science Management Workforce Diversity

EPA Today: 

EPA Today The mission of the Environmental Protection Agency is to protect human health and the environment.

Context Environmental Scientists & Specialists: 

Context Environmental Scientists & Specialists Predicts # of jobs will grow through 2012 Regulatory compliance will spur demand in private sector and state/local government Need to replace retiring environmental science workforce over next decade Emerging technologies and sustainability may open new employment opportunities Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics


Office of Research and Development 1,900 employees $530 million budget $63 million extramural research grant program 13 lab or research facilities across the U.S. Credible, relevant and timely research results and technical support that inform EPA policy decisions

Organization NAS’s Risk Assessment/Risk Management Paradigm: 

Organization NAS’s Risk Assessment/Risk Management Paradigm Risk Characterization Hazard Identification Exposure Assessment Dose-response Assessment Regulatory Decision Political Considerations Statutory & legal considerations Control Options Social Factors Risk Assessment Risk Management Economics National Exposure Research Laboratory (NERL) National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory (NHEERL) National Center for Computational Toxicology (NCCT) National Center for Environmental Assessment (NCEA) National Risk Management Research Laboratory (NRMRL) National Homeland Security Research Center (NHSRC) National Center for Environmental Research (NCER)

Problem-Driven and Core Research “Science for a Purpose”: 

Problem-Driven and Core Research “Science for a Purpose” Problem-Driven Research: Targeted at specific environmental or public health problems Seeks to understand and solve an identified problem, often motivated by current or foreseen regulatory activities. Core Research: Broad-based research in methods, approaches, and models to advance fields of risk assessment and risk management Seeks to elucidate physical, chemical, biological, and socioeconomic processes that underlie environmental systems and provide the basis for responding to a wide range of current and future environmental problems.

Major Areas of Research: 

Major Areas of Research Goal 1: Clean Air Research: Air Toxics Research: National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) Goal 2: Clean and Safe Water Research: Drinking Water Research: Water Quality Goal 3: Land Preservation and Restoration Research: Land Preservation and Restoration Research: Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation (SITE) Goal 4: Healthy Communities and Ecosystems Research: Computational Toxicology Research: Endocrine Disruptors Research: Fellowships Research: Global Change Research: Homeland Security Research: Human Health and Ecosystems Research: Human Health Risk Assessment Research: Pesticides and Toxics Goal 5: Compliance and Environmental Stewardship Research: Economics and Decision Sciences Research: Environmental Technology Verification Research: Sustainability


ORD Locations Cincinnati, OH Research Triangle Park, NC Athens, GA Las Vegas, NV Duluth, MN Gulf Breeze, FL Ada, OK Corvallis, OR Edison, NJ Newport, OR Grosse Ile, MI Narragansett, RI Washington, DC 3 National Laboratories 4 National Centers 2 Offices 13 Locations

ORD Strategic Workforce Planning: 

ORD Strategic Workforce Planning Driver Analysis: Assessment of current and future drivers of the organization Demand Analysis: Expertise needed to address drivers Supply Analysis: Projection of current workforce to meet those needs Gap Analysis: Assessment of the difference between anticipated need and projected available workforce Solutions Analysis: Development of intramural and extramural strategies/options to address gaps


Emerging Continuing


From Strategic Directions to Core Competencies Strategic Context(s) Place WFP into broader context, e.g. EPA Strategic Plan ORD Strategic Plan ORD Multi-year Plans ORD Futures SAB, NAS Reports Drivers Define the problems/ trends next 5-10 years., e.g.: Changing energy policy/sources New technologies: Biotech, Nano Air Pollution Drinking Water Global Change Sustainability etc Core Components Main building blocks to carry out work for each driver, e.g., Energy Components: Transport/fate Land use & Economics Analysis Spatial Analysis Inhalation Toxicology Exposure Modeling etc Core Competencies Critical expertise/skills needed, e.g., Spatial Analysis Competencies: Geography GIS Statistics etc


Major Competency Categories Health Sciences Chemistry Earth Sciences Ecology Economics Engineering Exposure Sciences Toxicology Epidemiology Clinical Medicine Informational Sciences Mathematical/ Computer Sciences Physics Social Sciences Environmental Sciences

Systems Approach: 

Systems Approach Because of the complexity of the research questions, the future environmental scientists will have to apply “systems approaches”. What does it take to carry out a System Approach Addresses issues at a higher scale by studying interactions between the components of systems and how these interactions give rise to the function and behavior of that system. It is about putting together rather than taking apart: integration rather than reduction. Requires cross-disciplinary team to facilitate Integrates the development of new scientific approaches/technologies with advances in data acquisition, storage, integration, and analysis tools


Environmental Public Health Paradigm

Environmental Public Health Assessment: 

Environmental Public Health Assessment Integration of risk assessment approach, namely (chemical) stressor→disease with the public health approach (disease→stressor) Epidemiology Toxicology Geneticists Clinical medicine Social sciences GIS Economists


Race/Ethnicity Residential Location Residential Segregation Environmental Hazards and Pollutants Community Stressors Biologically effective dose Health effect (disparities) Community stress Neighborhood Resources Individual stressors Exposure Community level vulnerability Individual level vulnerability Environmental Health Paradigm Applied to Health Disparities/Healthy Communities Internal dose Stress/Coping, Genetics Life Stage/Style Structural Factors Modified fromGee & Payne-Sturges, 2004

Integrated Computational Modeling: 

Integrated Computational Modeling Computational chemists/physicists - understand the properties of chemicals that contribute to their interactions with environmental or biological systems so as to develop predictive environmental, exposure or pharmacokinetic models Computational Bioengineers - construct mathematical models of virtual cells, tissues and organs through a fundamental understanding of the internal workings of cells and pathways and their key functions


Strengthening Risk Assessment


Ecological Systems Assessment GIS/Landscape Modelers: Research addressing the interaction of landscape conditions (large-scale phenomena) with current ecological status at a location Ecosystem Services Assessors: translation from ecological condition to the services provided by that condition. Interactions of ecology, economics, land use planning and sociological human well being Population/Community/Ecosystem Modelers: Quantitatively address ecological issues to assess population/community risks

Exposure Sciences: 

Exposure Sciences Human Exposure Modeling : Linking multi-media environmental models with stochastic human-activity based models and PBPK uptake & dose models Environmental Exposure Analysis: Measure the distribution of pollutants / stressors in time and space Environmental Physics/Chemistry Analysis: understand and characterize the processes, including fate & transport, to describe the linkages from sources to environmental concentrations to human and ecosystem exposures Environmental Public Health Paradigm

Cross-Disciplinary Integration on New Technologies: 

Cross-Disciplinary Integration on New Technologies Restoring the aging drinking water/wastewater infrastructure and developing newer materials for piping & distribution systems Global change – e.g., engineering and cost evaluation of carbon capture technologies and scenario analyses Life cycle assessment of environmental implications of many of the emerging technologies (nanotechnology; bioenergy) Brownfields redevelopment Sustainable technology

Information/Information Technology: 

Information/Information Technology Identify, retrieve, store, collate, annotate and mine information Develop models using the omic data that describe the impact of xenobiotic exposure on fundamental molecular and physiologic processes Create interoperable data platforms (e.g., surveillance and monitoring data, omic data) Develop and utilize large scale databases (e.g., EMAP, Array Track) New applications of existing monitoring data bases (e.g., NASA/NOAA)

EPA Careers – Information: 

EPA Careers – Information http://www.epa.gov/careers/search.html http://www.epa.gov/careers/gradopp.html More About EPA’s Office of Research & Development http://www.epa.gov/ord/


Fu Challenges in Workforce Planning Flat/declining funding is creating an increased need to: anchor Discovery to Translational Science address the training quandary: breadth versus depth consider new goals for undergraduate/ graduate/post doctoral training recognize “Generation Now's” different career path mind set foster a teaming versus flying solo model: - think strategic versus opportunistic - develop new performance/promotion currency

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