J P NEGI 10 20

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FLORICULTURE – A State with Himalayan Opportunities: HIMACHAL PRADESH: 

FLORICULTURE – A State with Himalayan Opportunities: HIMACHAL PRADESH International Flora Expo 2006 8 – 10th September 2006

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Located in north western part of India. Geographical area of 55,673 km2, population of 6.2 million, inhabited in 20,126 villages and towns. 92 percent of the population is rural and literacy is 78%. Per capita income Rs. 25,000/- ($ 537.6) as against national income of Rs. 13,600/- ($ 292.5) Known as the 'Apple State of India' now diversifying in floriculture.

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Area in hectares

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1 lakh = 0.1 million 1 $ US = Rs. 46.50

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Alstroemeria Limonium Zantedeschia Iris Strelitzia Tulips Gerberas Orchids

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A large variety of cut flowers, bulbs, seeds, live plants, being propagated. Power required for floriculture operations charged at domestic rates @ Re. 1 per kilowatt hour. Cultivation under controlled conditions in greenhouses/ polyhouses.

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Training Organization of Study Tours Free technical advice in pre and post-harvest technologies. Import of planting material from The Netherlands/ New Zealand 0.6 million rooted cuttings, bulbs, corms of carnations, chrysanthemums, lilium, gladiolus, Zantedeschia, daffodils, iris, etc. Organization of Flower Shows. 48 Flower Growers Co-operative Societies registered. Liberal financial assistance from APEDA, National Horticulture Board, Horticulture Technology Mission.

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Dr. Y.S. Parmar University of Horticulture andamp; Forestry, Solan. A full fledged Department of Floriculture andamp; Landscaping. Regional Research Stations located in all Agro climatic Zones of the State. Institute of Himalayan Bio-resource Technology (IHBT) in District Kangra. ICAR Research Station at Kullu. National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, Shimla.

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Main Market Delhi Distances ranging from 325 to 650 kms Flowers sent by farmers through night bus services. Sold on the footpaths in front of State Emporia, Connaught Place. Traders forced to wind up business around 9 AM. No place to hold/ store the flowers Producers forced to sell flowers at a throwaway prices

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Matter taken up with Chief Minister, Delhi; Agriculture/ Commerce andamp; Industries Ministries, GoI during June 2006, highlighting the need for: Having infrastructure on Build, Own andamp; Operate basis giving representation to HP, J andamp; K and Uttranchal on the Governing Body. Modern Floriculture Market. Auction-cum-Transit storages. Cool chain back up.

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To create a base for mass production of quality planting material, seeds and bulbs. Creation of regulated markets. Establishment of post harvest infrastructural facilities like pre-cooling, refrigerated transport, storage and marketing network. State Government will provide all assistance to facilitate the green industry.

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Protected cultivation of Rose At Dr. Y. S. Parmar University of Horticulture andamp; Forestry

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Lilium at Horticulture Department Nursery

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Some examples of successful diversification to floriculture Lilium Carnation Carnation Alstroemeria

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Diversification from traditional agriculture to growing carnations, gladiolus, lilium, chrysanthemum, alstroemeria, marigold, etc. Annual income from traditional crops: : Rs. 15,000 - 20,000 (per hectare) Income from floriculture after diversification: Carnations : Rs. 13,75,000 (per hectare) Gladiolus : Rs. 32,500 ( ″ ) Lilium : Rs. 11,40,000 ( ″ ) Chrysanthemum : Rs. 1,16,500 ( ″ ) Alstroemeria : Rs. 17,40,000 ( ″ ) Marigold : Rs. 55,000 ( ″ ) * Average of initial 3 years’ production

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