Earth Composition Flashcards

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Metamorphic rock is formed from which type of rock?

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Sedimentary or igneous (under extreme pressure) Metamorphic rock is formed from which type of rock?

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The major ingredient in soil

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Weathered rock The major ingredient in soil

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What refers to the study of the movement of Earth ’ s plates?

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Tectonics What refers to the study of the movement of Earth ’ s plates?

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What causes Earth ’ s plates to move?

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Convection in the mantle What causes Earth ’ s plates to move?

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A substance with a pH lower than 7.

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Acid A substance with a pH lower than 7.

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What makes up the pedosphere?

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Soil What makes up the pedosphere?

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What is the difference between magma and lava?

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Magma is molten material below ground; lava is above ground What is the difference between magma and lava?

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A substance with a pH greater than 7.

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Base A substance with a pH greater than 7.

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What type of landforms might form when plates come together?

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Mountains What type of landforms might form when plates come together?

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What is the movement of fluid material due to heat (occurs in the mantle)

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Convection What is the movement of fluid material due to heat (occurs in the mantle)

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Which type of rock is most likely deposited into layers?

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Sedimentary Which type of rock is most likely deposited into layers?

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Where do earthquakes most often originate?

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Along boundaries and faults Where do earthquakes most often originate?

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What type of waves cause an earthquake?

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Seismic waves What type of waves cause an earthquake?

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What scale can be used to measure the magnitude of an earthquake?

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The Richter Scale What scale can be used to measure the magnitude of an earthquake?

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Which rock type is formed from the cooling of magma?

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Igneous rock Which rock type is formed from the cooling of magma?

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