S3 Process to Rank Outcome Indicators

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A User-Driven Process to Rank Outcome Indicators for Sustainability: 

A User-Driven Process to Rank Outcome Indicators for Sustainability Linking GOOS, ICAM and the Boston Indicator Group

COASTAL GOOS DESIGN PRINCIPLES: 

COASTAL GOOS DESIGN PRINCIPLES Observe phenomena that Require regional (multi-nation) to global coverage Justify investment End-to-end, user driven Integrated and sustained Build on existing programs Synergy between research and monitoring Timely access to data of known quality Build capacity Adaptable and accountable Global backbone, regionally enhanced

CHOOSING COMMON VARIABLES : 

CHOOSING COMMON VARIABLES Observations will be used to predict and detect change in the coastal ocean in response to users’ needs USERS MODELS or PHENOMENA VARIABLES

THE SELECTION PROCESS: 

THE SELECTION PROCESS

Ranking Results: 

Ranking Results The final ranking represents the flow of user interest to any given variable through the suite of phenomenon they value most To ease this process a graphic interface was developed Results are also portrayed graphically

ONE OF THE 4 MATRICES: users and phenomena : 

ONE OF THE 4 MATRICES: users and phenomena

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0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 Variable Score Based on Detection

THE TOP 11 “COMMON” VARIABLES: 

THE TOP 11 “COMMON” VARIABLES Water temperature Currents Salinity Sea level Surface waves Sediment characteristics Benthic biomass Changes in bathymetry Dissolved oxygen Changes in shoreline position Dissolved inorganic nutrients Sea level Changes in bathymetry Currents Extent of submerged vegetation Salinity Water temperature Sediment characteristics Changes in shoreline position eH in sediment Dissolved oxygen Benthic species diversity Prediction Detection

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RE5 RE1 <— Space —> RE2 Common Variables Categories of Variables RE4 RE3 GRA 1 GRA 2 GRA 3 GOOS Regional Alliances

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GOOS, Coastal Panel of the United Nation’s Global Ocean Observing System, 2003. “The Integrated Strategic Design Plan for the Coastal Observations Module of the Global Ocean Observing System”. GOOS Report No. 125 (particularly Chapter Four, Annexes 2 and 4). GOOS. 2005. Coastal Panel of the United Nation’s Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS). An Implementation Strategy for the Coastal Module of the Global Ocean Observing System. GOOS Report No. 148. IOC Information Documents Series, No. 1217. Belfiore, Stafano, Julianne Barbiere, Robert E. Bowen, Biliana Cicin-Sain, Charles Ehler, Camille Mageau, Dan McDougal and Robert Simon. 2006. “A Handbook for Measuring the Progress and Outcomes of Integrated Coastal Management, UNESCO Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) Manuals and Guidelines, 46; ICAM Dossier, 2. Paris. IOC, Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, ICAM Programme, 2003. “A Reference Guide on the Use of Indicators for Integrated Coastal Management,” Paris. ICAM Dossier No. 1, 2003. Pomeroy, R.S., J.E. Parks, L.M. Watson, 2004. How is Your MPA Doing?: A Guidebook of Natural and Social Indicators for Evaluating Marine Protected Area Management Effectiveness. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, U.K. This Protocol Traces its History Through the Construct and Integration of Material from Several Reports

Step 1 – Determine the Stakeholder Community with Significant Management Interests: 

Step 1 – Determine the Stakeholder Community with Significant Management Interests Stakeholder engagement is one of the defining characteristics and most important steps of Integrated Coastal Management. Within the context of this protocol the term “stakeholder” is defined simply as those who hold an interest in or are influenced by relevant policy decisions. In this view, resource users, community representatives, the science and research community as well as policy makers are considered as members of the stakeholder community

Step 2 – Articulate and Specify Individual Management Goals Comprising the Overall Integrated Coastal Management Plan: 

Step 2 – Articulate and Specify Individual Management Goals Comprising the Overall Integrated Coastal Management Plan Link improvements in the quality of human and environmental sustainability Concern for our environmental bequest for future generations Measurable by definable indicators, and, Be driven by the user-community

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Articulate and specify individual management goals (phenomena) for MPAs Step 2

Step 3: Select Essential Socio-Economic Indicators Associated with Management Goals: 

Step 3: Select Essential Socio-Economic Indicators Associated with Management Goals Each management goal will have specific context as well as spatial/temporal dimensions driving indicator selection. Candidate selection should embrace the opportunities to draw from and contribute to other programs and, therefore, indicators should be connected whenever possible to other ongoing efforts and indicators “catalogs”.

Step 3: 

Step 3 Select socioeconomic indicators associated with goals (phenomena)

Step 4: Rank and Weight Policy Goals: 

Step 4: Rank and Weight Policy Goals Option One: Stakeholder communities directly respond to the question, “Which of these goals is most important in meeting your interests?” Option Two: Content Analysis of existing management documents designed to reveal stakeholder preferences. Rank according to the discrete percentage each goal contributes to the overall management plan.

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Goal Weighting as revealed analysis of the Management plan

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Rank and weight policy goals Question: “What is the importance of this goal in meeting your interests?” Scoring: 0 = not relevant 1 = partially relevant 2 = relevant Step 4

Step 5: Assess Importance of Indicators with the Capacity to Assess Success of Policy Goals: 

Step 5: Assess Importance of Indicators with the Capacity to Assess Success of Policy Goals Establish a group of experts with sufficient breadth of technical understanding and willingness to embrace the value of integrating themes. Ask the question, “How well does this indicator assess success in achieving this management goal?”

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Assess the capacity of indicators to evaluate success of goals Question: “How well does this indicator assess success in achieving this management goal?” Scoring: 0 = not relevant 1 = partially relevant 2 = relevant Step 5

Step 6: Rank Socio-Economic Indicators that Contribute the Most Significant Management Value: 

Step 6: Rank Socio-Economic Indicators that Contribute the Most Significant Management Value Combine the results of Steps 4 and 5 to rank indicators. The highest ranked indicators will be those that provide the greatest assessment value to the largest number of more important goals

To manage land use and changes in land cover for sustainable resource protection: 

To manage land use and changes in land cover for sustainable resource protection ENVIRONMENTAL PRESSURES CHANGES IN THE STATE OF THE EVIRONMENT Population density Changes in land use patterns Wastewater treatment and availability Fertilizer and pesticide use Population in risk area % altered coast Poor water quality Habitat degradation Risk of erosion Changes in value of fish Increase in cost of water-borne disease Number of beach closing days Number of visitors to beach RESPONSES (Management plan and Policy implementation) Land Use/ Land cover Patterns

To reduce and mitigate marine related risks to public health and human well-being: 

To reduce and mitigate marine related risks to public health and human well-being ENVIRONMENTAL PRESSURES CHANGES IN THE STATE OF THE EVIRONMENT Population density Changes in land use patterns Wastewater treatment and availability Fertilizer and pesticide use Population in risk area % altered coast Poor water quality Habitat degradation Risk of erosion Changes in value of fish Increase in cost of water-borne disease Number of beach closing days Number of visitors to beach RESPONSES (Management plan and Policy implementation) Marine-based Public Health Risks

Slide27: 

Blue indicators: Economic sustainability Green indicators: Environmental sustainability Red indicators: Social sustainability

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Section 3 Section 2 Section 1 Section 4 Section 5 Section 6 Cross-sections and volumes can be extracted using GIS techniques

Slide29: 

3D Fly-though showing combined bathymetry and LIDAR terrain model of the Mersey

Slide30: 

Land use data describe the designated purpose of the land and/or how the land is currently used. Land use data

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