CHINESE CULTURE

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CHINESE CULTURE : 

CHINESE CULTURE Hunan Province

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CHINESE FUN FACTS World’s most populous nation 2nd largest country in the world One of the oldest continuous civilizations with a 7,000-year history! 56 ethnic groups 90% Han people Divided into Provinces

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22 Chinese Provinces

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How is the country governed? Modern day-Communism Historically – 13 Dynasties Family that passes the right to rule the nation from one generation to the next “The Dynasties Song” (sung to tune of "Frère Jacques”) "The Dynasties Song" Shang, Zhou, Qin, Han Shang, Zhou, Qin, Han Sui, Tang, Song Sui, Tang, Song Yuan, Ming, Qing, Republic Yuan, Ming, Qing, Republic Mao Zedong, Mao Zedong

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HUNAN Hunan, which means "South of the Lake", is the main rice-growing area in China and the hometown of Mao Zedong, a great man of China. With the Xiang River runs through the province, Hunan boasts its abbreviated name "Xiang". Therefore, the Hunan Opera is called "Xiang Opera", Hunan Dishes called "Xiang Dishes" and Hunan culture called "Hu Xiang Culture". With the Dongting Lake on the north, Hunan is a beautiful place with yellow rice fields, clean streams and green hills where many minorities inhabit happily, such as the Tujia, Miao, Dong, Yao, and Bai People. Those ethnic groups are gifted great dancers and singers, which makes Hunan an ideal place to enjoy the famous folk songs, dances and experience the unique folk customs.

CHINESE MUSIC Music – one of 4 arts in ancient China 2 Major Styles: Northern & Southern North: high-pitched, tense, agitated style South: more lyrical and gentle in nature Hunan is in the central-southern location

Chinese Vocal Music : 

Chinese Vocal Music Traditionally high-pitched, thin, non-resonant Usually solo instead of choral Melodic instead of harmonic Developed from sung poems and verses with music The way it sounds(timbre) not only tone color, but also way words are pronounced(inflection) Chinese symbol for music

The Xiang(Hunan) Opera : 

The Xiang(Hunan) Opera Formed during Ming Dynasty(1368-1644) “Kunqu” Opera – one of the oldest Chinese opera forms Local dialect+folk music+”Kunqu” form=Xiang Opera 12 types of roles Sheng(male role) Dan(female role) Chou(comic) Flower-face(elaborate facial painting)

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TEOCHEW OPERA

Chinese Instruments : 

Chinese Instruments 3 types: String, Wind, & Percussion String: Bowed or Plucked 8 Sounds or Tones Silk Wood Bamboo Stone Metal Clay Gourd Hide

Guzheng Zither : 

Guzheng Zither

ERHU – Bowed String Instrument : 

ERHU – Bowed String Instrument History of 500 years Sound box covered with snake skin which provides distinctive tone color – mellow and bright One of most-widely used bowed string Small body, long neck 2 strings, bow inserted between them Range – 3 octaves Sounds similar to a violin, but with thinner tone

The Dizi - Woodwind : 

The Dizi - Woodwind Most popular wind instrument 2,000 years-old Bamboo that sounds just like a regular flute One fingerhole – covered with tissue membrane Classified into the qudi(more mellow tone) and the bangdi(much sharper tone)

Percussion – The Gu : 

Percussion – The Gu Drum that comes in different sizes Earlier centuries – battlefield Produced strong beat = morale booster for soldiers Present day – portrays majestic scenes & creates vibrancy

Yo-Yo Ma & Silk Road Ensemble : 

Yo-Yo Ma & Silk Road Ensemble

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