GMP: GMP What is GMP ?: What is GMP ? GMP is that part of Quality assurance which ensures that the products are consistently manufactured and controlled to the Quality standards appropriate to their intended use "GMP" - A set of principles and procedures which, when followed by manufacturers for therapeutic goods, helps ensure that the products manufactured will have the required quality. What is cGMP ?: What is cGMP ? “cGMP” – where c = current, to emphasize that the expectations are dynamic Quality: Quality Quality of a medicinal product is measured by it’s fitness for purpose Safety and efficacy are not separable from Quality but part of it Good Manufacturing Practices: Good Manufacturing Practices A basic tenet of GMP is that quality cannot be tested into a batch of product but must be built into each batch of product during all stages of the manufacturing process. It is designed to minimize the risks involved in any pharmaceutical production that cannot be eliminated through testing the final product. Some of the main risks are : Some of the main risks are unexpected contamination of products, causing damage to health or even death. incorrect labels on containers, which could mean that patients receive the wrong medicine. insufficient or too much active ingredient, resulting in ineffective treatment or adverse effects. Why GMP is important: Why GMP is important A poor quality medicine may contain toxic substances that have been unintentionally added. A medicine that contains little or none of the claimed ingredient will not have the intended therapeutic effect. GMP helps boost pharmaceutical export opportunities: GMP helps boost pharmaceutical export opportunities Most countries will only accept import and sale of medicines that have been manufactured to internationally recognized GMP. Governments seeking to promote their countries export of pharmaceuticals can do so by making GMP mandatory for all pharmaceutical production and by training their inspectors in GMP requirements. GMP Covers…: GMP Covers… ALL aspects of production; from the starting materials, premises and equipment to the training and personal hygiene of staff. Detailed, written procedures are essential for each process that could affect the quality of the finished product. There must be systems to provide documented proof that correct procedures are consistently followed at each step in the manufacturing process - every time a product is made. GMP: GMP The Quality of a formulation or a bulk drug depends on the Quality of those producing it GMP is the magic key that opens the door of the Quality Swim with the current (GMP) and stand like a rock (Quality) QA, GMP & QC inter-relationship: QA, GMP & QC inter-relationship QC GMP QA QA, GMP & QC inter-relationship: QA, GMP & QC inter-relationship It is the sum total of the organized arrangements with the objective of ensuring that products will be of the quality required for their intended use QA QA, GMP & QC inter-relationship : QA, GMP & QC inter-relationship Is that part of Quality Assurance aimed at ensuring that products are consistently manufactured to a quality appropriate to their intended use GMP QA, GMP & QC inter-relationship: QA, GMP & QC inter-relationship Is that part of GMP concerned with sampling, specification & testing, documentation & release procedures which ensure that the necessary & relevant tests are performed & the product is released for use only after ascertaining it’s quality QC QC and QA: QC and QA QC is that part of GMP which is concerned with sampling, specifications, testing and with in the organization, documentation,and release procedures which ensure that the necessary and relevant tests are carried out QA is the sum total of organized arrangements made with the object of ensuring that product will be of the Quality required by their intended use. QC and QA: QC and QA Operational laboratory techniques and activities used to fulfill the requirement of Quality All those planned or systematic actions necessary to provide adequate confidence that a product will satisfy the requirements for quality QC and QA: QC and QA QC is lab based QA is company based GMP guidelines: GMP guidelines GMP as per Schedule “M” www.cdsco.nic.in GMP as per WHO www.who.int GMP as per MCA now known as MHRA www.mca.gov.uk GMP as per TGA www.tga.gov.au GMP as per US FDA www.fda.gov GMP as per ICH guidelines www.ich.org GMP: GMP GMP in solid dosage forms GMP in semisolid dosage forms GMP in Liquid orals GMP in Parenterals Production GMP in Ayurvedic medicines GMP in Bio technological products GMP in Nutraceuticals and cosmeceuticals GMP in Homeopathic medicines GMP: GMP Good Manufacturing Practice Good Management Practice Get More Profit Give more Production Training with out tears Ten Principles of GMP: Ten Principles of GMP Design and construct the facilities and equipments properly Follow written procedures and Instructions Document work Validate work Monitor facilities and equipment Write step by step operating procedures and work on instructions Design ,develop and demonstrate job competence Protect against contamination Control components and product related processes Conduct planned and periodic audits Beyond GMP: Beyond GMP Reduce pollution - Zero discharge Adaptation of environment friendly methods Consideration for better and healthier life tomorrow Consideration of ethics in life One should begin with end in mind otherwise it will be the beginning of the end Cost of effective GMP: Cost of effective GMP In fact Cost benefits – positive cost benefits of GMP/QA Good plant lay out, Smooth work flows, Efficient documentation systems, well controlled process, good stores lay outs and stores records- These are Good manufacturing practices Reduction in work in process and inventory holding costs Avoidance of cost of Quality failure ( cost of waste, of rework, of recall, of consumer compensation and of loss of company reputation) List of important documents in GMP: List of important documents in GMP Policies SOP Specifications MFR (Master Formula Record) BMR Manuals Master plans/ files Validation protocols Forms and Formats Records 10 attributes of a good document: 10 attributes of a good document Accurate Clear Complete Consistent Indelible Legible Timely Direct Authentic Authorized Certifying agencies: Certifying agencies ICH. www.ich.org WHO. www.who.int US FDA. www.fda.gov EU/EMEA. www.emea.europa.eu India. http://cdsco.nic.in/ How do GMPs of different countries compare?: How do GMPs of different countries compare? At a high level, GMPs of various nations are very similar; most require things like: Equipment and facilities being properly designed, maintained, and cleaned Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) be written and approved An independent Quality unit (like Quality Control and/or Quality Assurance) Well trained personnel and management cGMP For Finished Pharmaceuticals: cGMP For Finished Pharmaceuticals General Provision Organization & Personnel Building & Facilities Equipment Control of Components & Drug Product Containers & Closures Production & Process Control Packaging & Labeling Control Handling & Distribution Laboratory Control Records & Reports Returned & Salvaged Drugs General Provision: General Provision Scope Definitions Organization & Personnel : Organization & Personnel Responsibilities of quality control unit. Personnel qualifications. Personnel responsibilities . Consultants. Building & Facilities: Building & Facilities Design and construction features. Lighting. Ventilation, air filtration, air heating and cooling. Plumbing. Sewage and refuse. Washing and toilet facilities. Sanitation. Maintenance . Equipment: Equipment Equipment design, size, and location. Equipment construction. Equipment cleaning and maintenance. Automatic, mechanical, and electronic equipment. Filters. Control of Components & Drug Product Containers & Closures: Control of Components & Drug Product Containers & Closures General requirements. Receipt & storage of untested components, drug product containers, and closures. Testing and approval or rejection of components, drug product containers, and closures. Use of approved components, drug product containers, and closures. Retesting of approved components, drug product containers, and closures. Rejected components, drug product containers, and closures. Drug product containers and closures. Production & Process Control: Production & Process Control Written procedures; deviations . Charge-in of components. Calculation of yield. Equipment identification. Sampling and testing of in-process materials and drug products. Time limitations on production. Control of microbiological contamination. Reprocessing. Packaging & Labeling Control: Packaging & Labeling Control Materials examination and usage criteria. Labeling issuance. Packaging and labeling operations. Tamper-evident packaging requirements for over-the-counter (OTC) human drug products. Drug product inspection. Expiration dating. Handling & Distribution : Handling & Distribution Warehousing procedures. Distribution procedures. Laboratory Control: Laboratory Control General requirements. Testing and release for distribution. Stability testing. Special testing requirements. Reserve samples. Cross Contamination. Returned & Salvaged Drug Products: Returned & Salvaged Drug Products Returned drug products. Drug product salvaging. Records & Reports: Records & Reports General requirements. Equipment cleaning and use log. Component, drug product container, closure, and labeling records. Master production and control records. Batch production and control records. Production record review. Laboratory records. Distribution records. Complaint files.