CONSTRUCTIVISM

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Presentation Description

Introduction to the theory of Constructivism and its application in the classroom

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Presentation Transcript

CONSTRUCTIVISM : 

CONSTRUCTIVISM

BASIS : 

BASIS Constructivism has its roots in Philosophy (John Dewey) Cognitive Psychology (Ausubel, Bruner, Piaget) Social Interactionism (Vygotsky)

DEFINITION : 

DEFINITION A theory that sees learning as an interpretive, creative process carried out by active learners interacting with the physical and social environment The application of critical thinking skills – application, analysis, reasoning etc – to existing knowledge (theories, concepts, principles) to arrive at new understandings

LEARNING (Trad. View) : 

LEARNING (Trad. View) The passive transmission of information from the ‘expert’ to the learner Excellence in recall and summarizing of information indicators of effective teaching The learner is a passive recipient of information from teacher or written texts Reception not construction is the goal

CONSTRUCTIVIST VIEW : 

CONSTRUCTIVIST VIEW Learning is an active, social process in which learners construct new ideas or concepts based on their current knowledge. Learning experiences should allow students to discover principles for themselves

LEARNING PRINCIPLES : 

LEARNING PRINCIPLES Learning is an active process Learning involves physical actions, hands-on experiences as well as activities that require the use of higher level thinking skills Learning is a social activity Learning is contextual

LEARNING PRINCIPLES : 

LEARNING PRINCIPLES One needs knowledge to learn Learning is not instantaneous The key component to learning is motivation

IMPLICATIONS : 

IMPLICATIONS Learning is a constructive process. Instruction must provide students with opportunities to construct knowledge Planning must cater for activation of the previous knowledge and experiences that serve as the basis for the construction of new understandings

IMPLICATIONS : 

IMPLICATIONS Time is needed for the building of new knowledge Higher level thinking is encouraged. Extensive use is made of open-ended questions, enquiry-based activities and discussion Group interaction and collaborative learning strategies are encouraged

THE LANGUAGE CLASSROOM : 

THE LANGUAGE CLASSROOM Students are aware of the importance of learning the TL Communication in the TL is encouraged Students work together Students actively participate in challenging activities Classroom culture supports learning

THE LANGUAGE CLASSROOM : 

THE LANGUAGE CLASSROOM Students use a variety of instructional material Students are encouraged to use relevant technology Students are assessed in a variety of ways