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Learning Disabilities:

Learning Disabilities Focus on Down Syndrome By Kelsey Anderson-Jimenez

What is “Down Syndrome”?:

What is “Down Syndrome”? Down Syndrome occurs when a boy or girl is born with an extra copy of chromosome “21”, National Down Syndrome Society (2012). Diagnosis happens upon birth when the child has physical characteristics, or if a fluid test is done upon the mother’s pregnancy. As the child grows, their ability to learn is stunted, and is cause for extra care and needs to be met

Extra Chromosome 21:

Extra Chromosome 21

Physical Characteristics:

Physical Characteristics Children with Down Syndrome have a physical appearance that is attributed to the extra chromosome and include: Eye slits are narrow and short Eyes have an outward slant Face has a flat appearance Ears can be smaller and lower on the head Lips are thin and small

Physical Characteristics Cont’d:

Physical Characteristics Cont’d Mouth is smaller which may cause the tongue to stick out Legs are arms are shorter in relation to the body Hands are broad and flat with a single hand crease Fingers are short Feet are broad with short toes The big toe is set farther apart from the other toes Low muscle tone (Hypotonia) According to Down Syndrome: Parent Sharing (2013), If a child has six to ten of these characteristics, the doctor can be almost certain the child has down syndrome

Adorable Toddler with Down Syndrome:

Adorable Toddler with Down Syndrome

History:

History It was not until 1862 that Down Syndrome finally had a name. Dr. John Langdon Down, a British man, was the first to formally observe and study it In 1866, he wrote a paper entitled "Observations on the Ethnic Classification of Idiots"

Dr. Langdon Down’s daughter and grandson (with Down’s Syndrome):

Dr. Langdon Down’s daughter and grandson (with Down’s Syndrome)

History Continued:

History Continued Due to his perception that children with Down syndrome shared physical facial similarities with those of Blumenbach's Mongolian race, Down used the term ''mongoloid” to describe those with the Syndrome states News-Medical.net (2013) Langdon Down’s work in homes for the mentally ill was admirable, but he was still misinformed to the truth of Chromosome 21

History Continued:

History Continued In 1959, a man named Jerome Lejeune discovered the extra chromosome 21, using the newly created Karyotype technique It was labeled as “trisonomy 21” The World Health Organization officially dropped references to ''mongolism'‘ in 1965. However, the term ‘mongolism’ still appears medical texts such as ''General and Systematic Pathology'', 4th Edition, 2004, edited by Professor Sir James Underwood. News-Medical.net (2013) 

Statistics Thanks to the Center for Disease Control, Down Syndrome, 2013:

Statistics Thanks to the Center for Disease Control, Down Syndrome, 2013

Prevalence:

Prevalence Thanks to modern technology, we have been able to track Down Syndrome and it prevalence in the US The number of children with Down syndrome has grown over the years From 1979 to 2003, the prevalence of Down syndrome (DS) at birth increased by 31 percent, from 9 to 12 per 10,000 live births in 10 US regions, according to the CDC (2013)

Down Syndrome in School:

Down Syndrome in School According to Down Syndrome Education Online, Down-syndrome.org (2013) “ Children with Down syndrome benefit from being in a normal language and communication environment and they benefit from the examples of academic learning provided by the other children, such as reading and writing.” School systems are working towards integration of children with Learning Disabilities at different capacities. While many need Special Education, some schools integrate them into mainstream classes

Teacher Websites:

Teacher Websites Below are two websites a teacher may find helpful if a child with Down Syndrome is placed in their classroom – www.down-syndrome.org This site had many insightful publications to help a Teacher www.ndss.org The National Down Syndrome Society has a lot of great information and insightful tips

Parent Websites :

Parent Websites Here are some websites a parent may find helpful in raising a child with Down Syndrome http://www.time4learning.com/teaching_your_down_syndrome_child.shtml A program specifically for teaching children with Down Syndrome at home http://www.downsyn.com/joomla/ A website called Down Syndrome: Parent sharing, dedicated to informing and encouraging parents with a child with Down Syndrome

Hope for the Future:

Hope for the Future Children and Adults with Down Syndrome are becoming more and more included in modern day society as times passes. This is a huge and wonderful step in the right direction! Jamie Brewer is a young actress and Down Syndrome Advocate from Texas. She has a leading role in the TV series – American Horror Story: Coven. She is beautiful and talented!

Jamie Brewer:

Jamie Brewer

Inspiration:

Inspiration Below is a link to an inspirational news story and video my husband saw on the “Today” show. I wanted to share! http://www.nj.com/news/index.ssf/2013/10/cheerleaders_with_special_needs_inspire_at_hunterdon_huskies_football_games.html

In Conclusion:

In Conclusion Down Syndrome is becoming more prevalent, according to research. Just with any other learning disability, steps need to be made to ensure the quality of life and education for these people! Using the word “retarded” is considered rude, and should not be used People with Down Syndrome are highly capable and should be treated with love and respect. They are children of God, just like us!

Cited References:

Cited References ~ NDSS (2013). Home Page. What is Down Syndrome? National Down Syndrome Society – www.ndss.org ~ PHbb (2008/2013) Questions & Answers. Down Syndrome: Parent Sharing Website-http://www.downsyn.com/joomla/ ~ NMN (2013) Down Syndrome Down Syndrome History - http://www.news-medical.net/health/Down-Syndrome-History.aspx ~ CDC (2009/2013) Down Syndrome Cases at Birth Increased Center for Disease Control – www.cdc.org ~ Down Syndrome Education Online (2013) UK. Down Syndrome Education International – www.down-syndrome.net

Thank you!!!!!!:

Thank you!!!!!!

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