Critical Thinking

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Information on Critical Thinking and how it works with the brain.

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Critical Thinking : 

Critical Thinking By: Chekeesha Blakey Reading Power Wednesday 5:30pm-8:15pm

Critical Thinking means correct thinking in the pursuit of relevant and reliable knowledge.It is reasonable, reflective, responsible and skillful thinking : 

Critical Thinking means correct thinking in the pursuit of relevant and reliable knowledge.It is reasonable, reflective, responsible and skillful thinking Schafersman, D. S. (1991). An Introduction to Critical Thinking. Retrieved October 29, 2009, from http://www.freeinquiry.com/critical-thinking.html.

When Critical Thinking: : 

When Critical Thinking: ● Define the problem ● Identify the criteria of the “best decision ● Identify alternatives ● Predict likely consequences and costs of each alternative ●Select the alternative that most nearly approximates the criteria of the “best” choice. Beyer, K. B. (1995). Critical Thinking. Indiana: Phi Delta Kappa Educational Foundation

Essential Six Distinguishing Elements: : 

Essential Six Distinguishing Elements: ● Dispositions (ways of behaving) ● Criteria (making judgments) ● Argument (difference of opinion) ● Reasoning ( Holds argument together) ● Point of view (perceives and makes meaning of anything) ●Procedures for applying criteria and judging. (informed by what we know) Beyer, K. B. (1995). Critical Thinking. Indiana: Phi Delta Kappa Educational Foundation

“ We must dare to think about the “unthinkable things” because when things become unthinkable, thinking stops and action becomes mindless”.- J. William Fulbright, US Senator (1905-1995) : 

“ We must dare to think about the “unthinkable things” because when things become unthinkable, thinking stops and action becomes mindless”.- J. William Fulbright, US Senator (1905-1995)

Critical Thinking Includes: : 

Critical Thinking Includes: ● Appraisal ● Evaluation ● Reflection ● Understanding ● Analysis ● Review ● Appreciation ● Management ● Awareness ● Care Moon, Jennifer. (2008). Critical Thinking: An exploration of theory and practice. New York: Routledge.

The main purpose of thinking is to abolish thinking. The mind works to make sense out of confusion and uncertainty. The mind works to recognize in the outside world familiar patterns. As soon as such a pattern is recognized, the mind switches into it and follows it along. (de Bono, 1982: 39) : 

The main purpose of thinking is to abolish thinking. The mind works to make sense out of confusion and uncertainty. The mind works to recognize in the outside world familiar patterns. As soon as such a pattern is recognized, the mind switches into it and follows it along. (de Bono, 1982: 39) Moon, Jennifer. (2008). Critical Thinking: An exploration of theory and practice. New York: Routledge.

Thinking Critical : 

Thinking Critical Ask appropriate questions Gather relevant information Efficiently sort through information Come to reliable and trustworthy information Schafersman, D. S. (1991). An Introduction to Critical Thinking. Retrieved October 29, 2009, from http://www.freeinquiry.com/critical-thinking.html

Scientific Method and Critical Thinking: : 

Scientific Method and Critical Thinking: Critical Thinking is Scientific Thinking. A scientifically literate person has to think critically to achieve the level of scientific awareness. Critical Thinkers investigate problems, ask questions, discover information, question authorities and traditional beliefs. Schafersman, D. S. (1991). An Introduction to Critical Thinking. Retrieved October 29, 2009, from http://www.freeinquiry.com/critical-thinking.html

Characteristics of a Thinker: : 

Characteristics of a Thinker: Uses evidence skillfully and impartially Organizes and articulates thoughts Understands the difference between reasoning and rationalizing Sees similarities and analogies Applies problem solving techniques ? ? Schafersman, D. S. (1991). An Introduction to Critical Thinking. Retrieved October 29, 2009, from http://www.freeinquiry.com/critical-thinking.html ? Understands the idea of degrees of belief ? ?

Critical Thinking and the Brain : 

Critical Thinking and the Brain One cannot develop a coherent concept of critical thinking without developing a coherent concept of rationality, irrationality, education, socialization, the critical person and the critical society. It is said that the left half of the brain is more analytical, helping you with math, logic, and speech. The right side of the brain helps you think about abstract things like color music and shapes. Paul, W. R. (1990). Critical Thinking: What every person needs to survive in a rapidly changing world. California: Sonoma State University. Foundation, Nemours. (1995-2009). Your Brain and Nervous system. Retrieved November 11, 2009, from http://kidshealth.org/kid/htbw/brain.html

Slide 12: 

The ultimate goal is to thinking and learn within subjects and disciplines and learn the intellectual skills needed for complex problems in all domains of human thought. Elder, L. & Paul, R. (2009). Critical Thinking: Strategies for Improving Student Learning, Part III. Journal of Developmental Education, 32(3), 40. Retrieved October 29, 2009, from http://search.ebscohost.com

● Elder, L. & Paul, R. (2009). Critical Thinking: Strategies for Improving Student Learning, Part III. Journal of Developmental Education, 32(3), 40. Retrieved October 29, 2009, from http://search.ebscohost.com ● Paul, W. R. (1990). Critical Thinking: What every person needs to survive in a rapidly changing world. California: Sonoma State University. ● Schafersman, D. S. (1991). An Introduction to Critical Thinking. Retrieved October 29, 2009, from http://www.freeinquiry.com/critical-thinking.html.● Beyer, K. B. (1995). Critical Thinking. Indiana: Phi Delta Kappa Educational Foundation.● Moon, Jennifer. (2008). Critical Thinking: An exploration of theory and practice. New York: Routledge.● Foundation, Nemours. (1995-2009). Your Brain and Nervous system. Retrieved November 11, 2009, from http://kidshealth.org/kid/htbw/brain.html : 

● Elder, L. & Paul, R. (2009). Critical Thinking: Strategies for Improving Student Learning, Part III. Journal of Developmental Education, 32(3), 40. Retrieved October 29, 2009, from http://search.ebscohost.com ● Paul, W. R. (1990). Critical Thinking: What every person needs to survive in a rapidly changing world. California: Sonoma State University. ● Schafersman, D. S. (1991). An Introduction to Critical Thinking. Retrieved October 29, 2009, from http://www.freeinquiry.com/critical-thinking.html.● Beyer, K. B. (1995). Critical Thinking. Indiana: Phi Delta Kappa Educational Foundation.● Moon, Jennifer. (2008). Critical Thinking: An exploration of theory and practice. New York: Routledge.● Foundation, Nemours. (1995-2009). Your Brain and Nervous system. Retrieved November 11, 2009, from http://kidshealth.org/kid/htbw/brain.html