5 paragraph paper for scientific writing

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Presentation Description

This presentation will help visualize the purposes of the 5 paragraph paper, and help a teacher lead into how the 5 paragraph method can lead into the IMRAD method for scientific writing.

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Presentation Transcript

5 Paragraph Paper : 

5 Paragraph Paper General academic writing formula and it’s relation to scientific writing

Basic structure : 

Basic structure Introduction Body paragraphs Conclusion

Introduction : 

Introduction Opening: General concept or situation. Background of problem leading to the purpose of the thesis. Thesis is the road map of your paper or solution to your background problem.

Opening : 

Opening Sentence Anecdote Quotation Generalization Possible ways to start your opening. The purpose of the opening is to get people interested!

Background : 

Background What’s the problem? Why did you get interested in the topic? Why is this important? Background leading to Thesis.

Thesis : 

Thesis Reference the 3 upcoming topics Summarize the purpose of your paper. Show what you are going to prove. Road map to your paper. This is the most important part of your paper!

Body paragraphs : 

Body paragraphs Topic sentence supports thesis Topic Controlling idea Supporting Sentences Details Evidence Explanation Mini conclusion (optional) Restates topic (maybe) Purpose: I told you so! optional

Conclusion : 

Conclusion Destination of your paper, like the thesis is the road map Reconfirm how you proved it (optional) Discussion and possible new avenues to study Restates/paraphrase thesis Purpose: I told you so!

Review : 

Review Introduction Body paragraphs Conclusion

Overview : 

Abstract is a summary of the problem and your solution. Intro Section 1 of the intro is a general statement, anecdote , quotation, or generalization of the overall situation. Section 2 will be a transitional sentence to prepare for the thesis statement , giving the background leading to thesis. It sometimes provides the problem that you are hoping to overcome in the thesis statement. The last sentence is a thesis statement, the central point of your paper, which will map out how it will be proven in hints at paragraph 1, paragraph 2, and paragraph 3. Materials Paragraph 1 topic is narrowed by a controlling idea at paragraph level, and utilizes a strong verb and supports part of the thesis. This is a detail supporting sentence for this topic sentence. This is a detail supporting sentence for this topic sentence. This is a detail supporting sentence for this topic sentence. This is a detail supporting sentence for this topic sentence. Use a concluding sentence for this paragraph as needed. Methods Paragraph 2 topic is narrowed by a controlling idea at paragraph level, and utilizes a strong verb and supports part of the thesis. This is a detail supporting sentence for this topic sentence. This is a detail supporting sentence for this topic sentence. This is a detail supporting sentence for this topic sentence. This is a detail supporting sentence for this topic sentence. Use a concluding sentence for this paragraph as needed. Materials or methods Paragraph3 topic is narrowed by a controlling idea at paragraph level, and utilizes a strong verb and supports part of the thesis. This is a detail supporting sentence for this topic sentence. This is a detail supporting sentence for this topic sentence. This is a detail supporting sentence for this topic sentence. This is a detail supporting sentence for this topic sentence. Use a concluding sentence for this paragraph as needed. Results and Discussion Concluding paragraph first sentence should restate (paraphrase) the thesis with confidence. (See I was right!) You can write more sentences that show that you have done more research than was in the previous sentences (reconfirmation). Its okay to be very confident here. You should have shown that you knew it all along. Discuss how this new revelation will help others, or how it can be used, or why it’s important. Acknowledgements References Tables Figures. Overview

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Authors : Kammy Valentine Benham John McDonald If you would like to use this for your classes, please email Kammy@gist.ac.kr

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