logging in or signing up Individual Behaviour KPKanchana Download Post to : URL : Related Presentations : Let's Connect Share Add to Flag Embed Email Send to Blogs and Networks Add to Channel Copy embed code: Embed: Flash iPad Dynamic Copy Does not support media & animations Automatically changes to Flash or non-Flash embed WordPress Embed Customize Embed URL: Copy Thumbnail: Copy The presentation is successfully added In Your Favorites. Views: 7361 Category: Business & Fin.. License: All Rights Reserved Like it (11) Dislike it (0) Added: September 25, 2009 This Presentation is Public Favorites: 4 Presentation Description No description available. Comments Posting comment... By: driqbalmlk8 (14 month(s) ago) sir i need ppt i am very thankfull to u Saving..... Post Reply Close Saving..... Edit Comment Close By: mamajed (18 month(s) ago) please send this presentation at email@example.com Saving..... Post Reply Close Saving..... 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Intellectual AbilityThe capacity to do mental activities. Multiple IntelligencesIntelligence contains four subparts: cognitive, social, emotional, and cultural. Dimensions ofIntellectual Ability : 3 Number aptitude Verbal comprehension Perceptual speed Inductive reasoning Deductive reasoning Spatial visualization Memory Dimensions ofIntellectual Ability Physical Abilities : 4 Physical Abilities Physical Abilities The capacity to do tasks demanding stamina, dexterity, strength, and similar characteristics. The Big Five Personality Dimensions : 5 The Big Five Personality Dimensions Extraversion: Outgoing, talkative, sociable, assertive Agreeableness: Trusting, good natured, cooperative, soft hearted Conscientiousness: Dependable, responsible, achievement oriented, persistent Emotional stability: Relaxed, secure, unworried Openness to experience: Intellectual, imaginative, curious, broad minded Research finding: Conscientiousness is the best (but not a strong) predictor of job performance Slide 7: 6 Holland’s Personality-Job Fit Theory Type Personality Occupations Realistic Investigative Social Conventional Enterprising Artistic Shy, Stable, Practical Analytical, Independent Sociable, Cooperative Practical, Efficient Ambitious, Energetic Imaginative, Idealistic Mechanic, Farmer, Assembly-Line Worker Biologist, Economist, Mathematician Social Worker, Teacher, Counselor Accountant, Manager Bank Teller Lawyer, Salesperson Painter, Writer, Musician Attitudes : 7 Attitudes Cognitive and affective evaluation that predisposes a person to act in a certain way Attitudes determine how people Perceive the work environment Interact with others Behave on the job or Components of an Attitude : 8 Components of an Attitude Components of Attitudes : 9 Components of Attitudes Cognitive component includes the beliefs, opinions, and information the person has about the object of the attitude Affective component is the person’s emotions or feelings about the object of the attitude Behavioral component of an attitude is the person’s intention to behave toward the object of the attitude in a certain way High-Performance Work Attitudes : 10 High-Performance Work Attitudes Two attitudes that might relate to high performance Job Satisfaction Organizational Commitment Managers of today’s knowledge workers often rely on job satisfaction to keep motivation and enthusiasm for the organization high High-Performance Work Attitudes : 11 High-Performance Work Attitudes Job Satisfaction = positive attitude toward one’s job Organizational Commitment = loyalty to and heavy involvement in one’s organization Conflicts Among Attitudes : 12 Conflicts Among Attitudes Cognitive Dissonance = condition in which two attitudes or a behavior and an attitude conflict Leon Festinger – 1950s People want to behave in accordance with their attitudes Usually will take corrective action Slide 14: “ WE DON’T SEE THINGS AS THEY ARE, WE SEE THINGS AS WE ARE.” Slide 15: 14 Perception “ The study of perception is concerned with identifying the process through which we interpret and organize sensory information to produce our conscious experience of objects and object relationship.” “ Perception is the process of receiving information about and making sense of the world around us. It involves deciding which information to notice, how to categorize this information and how to interpret it within the framework of existing knowledge. “ A process by which individuals organize and interpret their sensory impressions in order to give meaning to their environment. The Perceptual Process : 15 The Perceptual Process Sensation An individual’s ability to detect stimuli in the immediate environment. Selection The process a person uses to eliminate some of the stimuli that have been sensed and to retain others for further processing. Organization The process of placing selected perceptual stimuli into a framework for “storage.” Translation The stage of the perceptual process at which stimuli are interpreted and given meaning. Slide 17: 16 Receiving Stimuli (External & Internal) Selecting Stimuli External factors : Nature, Location,Size,contrast, Movement,repetition,similarity Internal factors : Learning, needs,age,Interest, Organizing Figure Background , Perceptual Grouping ( similarity, proximity, closure, continuity) Response Covert: Attitudes , Motivation, Feeling Overt: Behavior Perceptual Process Interpreting Attribution ,Stereotyping, Halo Effect, Projection Factors influencing perception : 17 Factors influencing perception A number of factors operate to shape and sometimes distort perception. These factors can reside in the perceiver, in the object or target being perceived or in the context of the situation in which the perception is made. Slide 19: 18 Factors influencing Perception Factors in the perceiver Attitudes Motives Interests Experience Expectations Perception Factors in the Target Novelty Motion Sounds Size Background Proximity Similarity Factors in the situation Time Work Setting Social Setting Perceptual organization : 19 Perceptual organization It is the process by which we group outside stimuli into recognizable and identifiable patterns and whole objects. Certain factors are considered to be important contributors on assembling, organizing and categorizing information in the human brain. These are Figure ground Perceptual grouping Figure-Ground Illustration : 20 Figure-Ground Illustration Field-ground differentiation The tendency to distinguish and focus on a stimulus that is classified as figure as opposed to background. Slide 22: 21 PERCEPTUAL GROUPING Our tendency to group several individual stimuli into a meaningful and recognizable pattern. It is very basic in nature and largely it seems to be inborn. Some factors underlying grouping are -continuity -closure -proximity -similarity Slide 23: 22 Types of Values Terminal Values Instrumental Values Slide 24: 23 Values Across Cultures Power Distance Individualism or Collectivism Quantity or Quality of Life Uncertainty Avoidance Long-Term or Short-Term You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.