3D Display Technology: 3D Display Technology By: Joshua Raines Neil Milk Curtis Balfour Justin Mann History of 3D Technology : History of 3D Technology 1844 David Brewster introduces the stereoscope (3D camera) 1855 The Kinematoscope is invented (3D video camera) History of 3D Technology: History of 3D Technology 1922 First anaglyphic (3D) movie is shown in theaters (The Power of Love) 1935 First color 3D movie is produced. 1952 The movie Bwana Devil sparks a short lived 3D movie boom History of 3D Technology: History of 3D Technology 1953 Cinemascope format is invented, doubling the captured image width. The Cinemascope format is still being used today. History of 3D Technology: History of 3D Technology 1953 DC Comics prints a series of Batman comics in 3D History of 3D Technology: History of 3D Technology 1980’s The anaglyphic format (over and under process ) becomes successful with the release of Friday the 13 th Part 3 and Jaws 3D. History of 3D Technology: History of 3D Technology 1987 The 3D Ultrasound is invented by Olaf Von Ramm & Stephen Smith. History of 3D Technology: History of 3D Technology 2009 James Cameron's film Avatar , shot with the Fusion Camera System he helped develop, is hailed as the best 3D film to date and helps push 3D towards the mainstream. History of 3D Technology: History of 3D Technology 2010 The world's first dedicated 3D television channel, South Korea's SKY 3D , launches with side-by-side 1920x1080i resolution. ESPN, Discovery, etc. Stereoscopy: Stereoscopy The Illusion of Depth Anaglyphic Images: Anaglyphic Images One red lens and one cyan lens filter the colored pictures Two perceived images create the illusion of depth Problems with rendering colors (especially red) Polarization Systems: Polarization Systems Movie theater quality projection Eliminates the color rendering issues of anaglyphic presentation Polarization Projection: Polarization Projection Images are polarized rather than colored Glasses are still cheap, durable, and reusable Process is easy to use, but difficult to fully understand! High quality presentation that doesn’t suffer from turned heads or odd viewing angles Alternative Frame Sequencing: Alternative Frame Sequencing Enables rapid blocking of each eye’s vision, determining which eye sees which image An expensive way to experience 3D presentation in the living room Autostereoscopy: Autostereoscopy Glasses-free presentation One screen can only serve one person Multiple screens create multiple problems Future of 3D technology 3D Technology How we use it!: Television/Films Gaming Mapping Training 3D Technology How we use it! 3D Technology: 3D Technology Television Current televisions with 3D technology operate in conjunction with a set top box and LCD shutter glasses. Using this technology are Panasonic with the Panasonic Viera TC-P50VT200 and Samsung with the Samsung UN46C7000. Mitshubishi and Samsung also have 3D televisions that utilize DLP technology from Texas Instruments. TLC Corporation has developed a LCD 3D TV called the TD-42F that does not require special glasses using a lenticular system 3D Technology: 3D Technology Film 3D film has been around since the 1950s but was only seen in a few A merican cinemas. In the 1980’s 3D films made a resurgence with the IMAX theater and Disney themed venues Recent popular 3D films include; Avatar, Toy Story 3, Alice in Wonderland, Up and Despicable Me Rank Title (click to view) Studio Lifetime Gross / Theaters Opening / Theaters Date 1 Avatar Fox $760,507,625 3,461 $77,025,481 3,452 12/18/09 2 Toy Story 3 BV $415,004,880 4,028 $110,307,189 4,028 6/18/10 3 Alice in Wonderland (2010) BV $334,191,110 3,739 $116,101,023 3,728 3/5/10 4 Up BV $293,004,164 3,886 $68,108,790 3,766 5/29/09 5 Despicable Me Uni. $251,513,985 3,602 $56,397,125 3,476 7/9/10 6 Shrek Forever After P/DW $238,736,787 4,386 $70,838,207 4,359 5/21/10 7 How to Train Your Dragon P/DW $217,581,231 4,060 $43,732,319 4,055 3/26/10 8 Tangled BV $200,821,936 3,603 $48,767,052 3,603 11/24/10 9 Monsters Vs. Aliens P/DW $198,351,526 4,136 $59,321,095 4,104 3/27/09 10 Ice Age: Dawn of the Dinosaurs Fox $196,573,705 4,102 $41,690,382 4,099 7/1/09 3D Technology: 3D Technology Gamming Nvidia – one of the first technology companies providing the software for 3D gaming on computers. NVIDIA 3D Vision is a technology that combines Specialized 3D glasses, software, certified displays and Graphics Processor Units to bring 3D gaming to your computer Nintendo – was one of the first gaming units to provide 3D gaming that does not require special glasses. In March of 2011 Nintendo released the Nintendo 3DS which is an autostereoscopic device so no additional accessories are needed to see the 3D images 3D Technology: Athletic Training Valdosta State University was the first university to use a 3D technology program to improve the mental agility of their student athletes. Athletes walk into a “cave” that is a complete 3D environment. Athletes must follow balls that light and bounce around while focusing on a green dot. The balls will then light up with different numbers and as you get the numbers right the next level begins to speed up. 3D Technology 3D Technology: 3D Technology Mapping This year C3 Technologies released the first true 3D mapping using previously classified military photography. C3Technologies received the 3D map-based military photography from aerospace giant Saab. The technology is so accurate and complete that you are able to make out a 4 inch objects. To convert the photos to high resolution 3D, C3 uses sophisticated software and cameras. As apposed to other companies that use lasers to measure from the air. Future of 3D Technology: Many believe the Future IS 3D Technology! Film/Television Computing/Gaming Medicine Holography Who Knows? Future of 3D Technology Future of 3D Technology in Film/Television: Passive 3D Technology in 3D TVs Current active technology requires the 3D TVs to sync with the glasses using an infrared emitter. Glasses are bulky and specific glasses have to be used for their specific TV. Passive technology 3D will result in lighter, more comfortable glasses that are less expensive and gets rid of needing them to be brand specific. Autostereoscopic or "glasses-free" 3D displays Technology currently mainly exists in smaller displays As TVs and projectors get better with more process power and faster refresh rates the size of these displays will increase and eventually make it to the theaters. Future of 3D Technology in Film/Television Future of 3D Technology in Computing/Gaming: HP, Dell, LG and others are adopting 3D technology to add to their desktops, laptops and monitors. Apple planning on making 3D glasses a thing of the past with their 3D technology possibly coming to iPads and Macs Companies working on the creation of gaming notebooks Next generation of gaming consoles: Lenovo iSec will be released in China later this year Future of 3D Technology in Computing/Gaming Future of 3D Technology in Medicine: Some recent research shows that 3D can be useful in helping diagnose existing eye health problems. People who experience problems with nausea, dizziness, etc with 3D tend to have pre-existing eye conditions. Possibilities for MRIs and other medical visualizations to be in 3D to give more detail and full context of what is being visualized. Future of 3D Technology in Medicine Future of 3D Technology in Holography: Some believe the future of 3D technology itself is Holography. Once only seen in science fiction movies, this technology may be closer than you think. Researchers at the University of Arizona have created a method to produce holographic images. Their images create a holographic telepresence that refreshes every two seconds. Future of 3D Technology in Holography Who Knows the Future of 3D Technology?: ? Who Knows the Future of 3D Technology?