1World War II

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World War II: 

World War II


Vocabulary Communism Democracy Dictator Totalitarianism A system of government in which the state plans and controls the economy and the needs of the whole are considered more important than those of the individual A government in which the people hold the supreme power A person with absolute power and authority, especially one who exercises it tyrannically A form of centralized government system in which a single party, without opposition, exercises absolute control over political, economic, social and cultural life


Nazism Fascism Isolationism The philosophy of the German Nationalist Socialist Party under the leadership of Adolph Hitler; a belief in the inherent superiority of the suppose Aryan race A system of government characterized by dictatorship, centralized control of private enterprise, repression of all opposition, and extreme nationalism A national policy of abstaining from political or economic relations with other countries

The World Before WWII: 

The World Before WWII World wide depression Leaders that promised better life for citizens if they only obeyed Soviet Union- neutral until attacked by Germany Josef Stalin Axis Power Leaders Adolf Hitler Benito Musolini Emporer Hirohito American Isolationism

Prelude to War : 

Prelude to War The Role of Hitler World War II began in the mind of Adolf Hitler Hitler believed that the Russian Revolution created the conditions for German expansion Hitler becomes chancellor, January 30, 1933 Slow rearmament Troops into the demilitarized Rhineland, March 7, 1936 This broke the disarmament clauses of Versailles Peace Treaty, 1935 New Alliances Rome-Berlin Axis, October 1936 Pact between Germany and Japan, November 1936

Adolph Hitler & Benito Mussolini in Munich, Germany ca. June 1940: 

Adolph Hitler & Benito Mussolini in Munich, Germany ca. June 1940

The New Order: 

The New Order The Nazi Empire Nazi occupies Europe was organized in two ways Some areas annexed and made into German provinces Most areas were occupied and administered by Germans Racial considerations Resettlement plans of the East Poles were uprooted and moved 2 million ethnic Germans settled Poland, 1942 Need for labor The Holocaust

The Path to War (1938-1939): 

The Path to War (1938-1939) Annexation of Austria, March 13, 1938 Neville Chamberlain, British Prime Minister (1869-1940) Appeasement (leave Hitler alone and maybe this would be enough for him and he would stop) Non-aggression pact with the Soviet Union, August 23, 1939 Invasion of Poland, September 1, 1939 Britain and France declare war on Germany, September 3, 1939

The Course to World War II: 

The Course to World War II Blitzkrieg (lightening war) Victory and Stalemate Germany resumes offensive, April 9, 1939, against Denmark and Norway Attack on Netherlands, Belgium, and France, May 10, 1940 Surrender of France, June 22, 1940 Battle of Britain, August-September 1940 German Luftwaffe (German Air force) bombing Great Britain Germany invades the Soviet Union, June 22, 1941 Formation of the Allied Powers Great Britain, France, and Soviet Union

World War II in Europe & North Africa: 

World War II in Europe & North Africa

The Path to War in Asia: 

The Path to War in Asia Japanese Goals in East Asia September 1931: Japanese conquest of Manchuria Japan targeted China first Rape of Nanjing Cooperation with Germany Shift of attention to Southeast Asia in the late 1930s USA threatens blockade on imports if Japan continues (to close to American territory of the Philippines)

War in Asia: 

War in Asia Japanese Empire Attack on Pearl Harbor, December 7, 1941  

Explosion of the U.S.S. Shaw during attack on Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941: 

Explosion of the U.S.S. Shaw during attack on Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941

Turning Point of the War (1942-1943): 

Turning Point of the War (1942-1943) Entry of United States into the war critical to Allied victory The Grand Alliance Defeat of Germany the first priority Military aid to Russia and Britain Allies ignore political differences Agree on unconditional surrender

America Joins the War: 

America Joins the War American Manufacturing Science and technology Atomic Bomb Financing the war Nisei- Japanese Americans during the war Japanese concentration camps in the USA

The Last Years of the War: 

The Last Years of the War Rome falls June 4, 1944 D-Day invasion of France, June 6, 1944 Five assault divisions landed on Normandy beaches Within three months, two million men landed German surrender at Stalingrad, February 2, 1943 Russians enter Berlin, April 1945 Hitler’s suicide, April 30, 1945 Surrender of Germany, May 7, 1945  Death of President Franklin Roosevelt, April 12, 1945 Difficulty of invading the Japanese homeland New President Harry Truman makes decision to use the atomic bomb Surrender of Japan, August 14, 1945 Human losses in the war: 17 million military dead, 18 million civilians dead

D-Day Invasion: 

D-Day Invasion

The New Order in Asia: 

The New Order in Asia “Asia for Asians” Power in the hands of Japanese military Little respect for local populations

Victory in the Pacific: 

Victory in the Pacific The Philippines Coral Sea Pearl Harbor Midway Island Kamikaze Hiroshima Nagasaki

World War II in Asia & the Pacific: 

World War II in Asia & the Pacific

Hiroshima after the atomic bomb, August 6, 1945 : 

Hiroshima after the atomic bomb, August 6, 1945

Aftermath: The Emergence of the Cold War: 

Aftermath: The Emergence of the Cold War The Conferences at Teheran and Yalta Conference at Tehran, November 1943 Future course of the war, invasion of the continent for 1944 Agreement for the partition of postwar Germany Conference at Yalta, February 1945 “Declaration on Liberated Europe” Soviet military assistance for the war against Japan Creation of a United Nations German unconditional surrender Free elections in Eastern Europe Intensifying Differences Conference at Potsdam, July 1945 Truman replaces Roosevelt Growing problems between the Allies The Emergence of the Cold War Mutual mistrust Ideological conflict

Territorial Changes after World War II: 

Territorial Changes after World War II

Web Links: 

Web Links BBC History: World War Two The Battle of Britain National Archive: Pictures of World War II War in Asia: Primary Sources United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

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