Grace and virtues

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Grace and virtues in the Christian life

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DIVINE FILIATION, SANCTIFICATION, GRACE & VIRTUES : 

DIVINE FILIATION, SANCTIFICATION, GRACE & VIRTUES Grace is favor, the free and undeserved help that God gives us to respond to his call to become children of God. Grace is a participation in the life of God. It introduces us into the intimacy of Trinitarian life: by Baptism the Christian participates in the grace of Christ, the Head of his Body. As an "adopted son/daughter"

DIVINE FILIATION, SANCTIFICATION, GRACE & VIRTUES : 

DIVINE FILIATION, SANCTIFICATION, GRACE & VIRTUES CCC 2000 Sanctifying grace is an habitual gift, a stable and supernatural disposition that perfects the soul itself to enable it to live with God, to act by his love. - Habitual grace, the permanent disposition to live and act in keeping with God's call, is distinguished from actual graces which refer to God's interventions,

DIVINE FILIATION, SANCTIFICATION, GRACE & VIRTUES : 

DIVINE FILIATION, SANCTIFICATION, GRACE & VIRTUES The grace of the Holy Spirit has the power to justify us, that is, to cleanse us from our sins . The first work of the grace of the Holy Spirit is conversion, …: "Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand." - Justification : remission of sins, + the sanctification and renewal of the interior man.

DIVINE FILIATION, SANCTIFICATION, GRACE & VIRTUES : 

DIVINE FILIATION, SANCTIFICATION, GRACE & VIRTUES - Sanctification is progress in holiness. To grow in sanctity one must cooperate with grace, and this requires effort, struggle., because of the disorder introduced by sin (fomes peccati = inclination to sin). - Need of grace through prayer + mortification + sacraments. - Union with Christ: it will be definitive only in Heaven.

GRACE & VIRTUES : 

GRACE & VIRTUES THE THEOLOGICAL VIRTUES They are infused by God into the soul. FAITH, HOPE AND CHARITY. 1.Faith is the theological virtue by which we believe in God and believe all that he has said and revealed to us, and that Holy Church proposes for our belief, because he is truth itself.

GRACE & VIRTUES : 

GRACE & VIRTUES THE THEOLOGICAL VIRTUES 2. Hope is the theological virtue by which we desire the kingdom of heaven and eternal life as our happiness, placing our trust in Christ's promises and relying not on our own strength, but on the help of the grace of the Holy Spirit.

GRACE & VIRTUES : 

GRACE & VIRTUES THE THEOLOGICAL VIRTUES 3. Charity is the theological virtue by which we love God above all things for his own sake, and our neighbour as ourselves for the love of God.

VIRTUES : 

VIRTUES HUMAN VIRTUES Human virtues are firm and habitual disposition to do good. Four Cardinal virtues: Prudence/ Justice / Temperance / Fortitude. Human virtues perfect the intellect and will. They lead our actions. They are grouped around 4 cardinal virtues.

Prudence : 

Prudence To discern the true good, and to choose the right means of achieving it.

Fortitude : 

Fortitude Firmness in difficulties & constancy in the pursue of the good. To resist temptations & to overcome obstacles. To face trials, sicknesses, persecutions, etc. Sacrifice vs LAZINESS

Temperance : 

Temperance Moderates the attraction of pleasures, & provides balance in the use of created goods. Mastery over instincts.

Justice : 

Justice To give their due to God and neighbour. Not to damage properties, and respect persons.

VIRTUES : 

VIRTUES Repetition of good actions. Prayers Work Sacrifice With the help of the grace of God. Human virtues prepare for the supernatural ones.

VIRTUES : 

VIRTUES VIRTUES AND GRACE. GIFTS AND FRUITS OF THE HOLY SPIRIT. Gifts of the Holy Spirit: permanent dispositions which make man docile in following the promptings of the Holy Spirit. 7 gifts: wisdom, understanding, counsel, fortitude, knowledge, piety and fear of God.

DIVINE FILIATION, SANCTIFICATION, GRACE & VIRTUES : 

DIVINE FILIATION, SANCTIFICATION, GRACE & VIRTUES Fruits: acts which a christian in the state of grace carries out under the impulse of the Paraclete, and which show docility to his motions. 12 fruits: charity, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, generosity, gentleness, faithfulness, modesty, self-control, and chastity (see Gal 5; 22,23)

Slide 19: 

The influence of the passions in moral life PASSIONS ARE: movements of the sensitive appetites (irascible and concupiscible) that incline us to act or not to act in regard to something felt or imagined to be good or evil (CCC 1763). "emotions", "sentiments", "feelings” a) love and hatred b) desire and aversion c) hope and despair d) courage and fear e) joy/pleasure and sadness/sorrow f) anger St. Josemaría: "passionately in love with the world, passionately in love with God."

Slide 20: 

The influence of the passions in moral life: - They are good when they contribute to a good action; evil in the opposite case. - They have to be controlled by reason and by one’s will. Selfishness succumbs to disordered passions or uses them for evil

MONITORING YOUR ANGER : 

MONITORING YOUR ANGER Problems controlling your temper? You may feel as if your anger comes on suddenly and as if it comes from out of nowhere. It might seem that before you even have a chance to realize that you are feeling angry, you find yourself acting aggressively and doing or saying things that you later regret.

MONITORING YOUR ANGER : 

MONITORING YOUR ANGER The good news is - there are things that you can do to get control over your anger. Learn to monitor it. Learning to monitor your anger takes time. Learn to recognize that you are getting angry before you become so angry that you can't control yourself. Learn to think in terms of an "anger meter", with your anger being on a scale between 1 to 10, instead of thinking of anger as "all or nothing".

MONITORING YOUR ANGER : 

MONITORING YOUR ANGER Irritation, annoyance, frustration and many other feelings are actually lower level anger and are easier to control than more intense anger. If you can learn to keep these lower level angers from turning into stronger anger or rage. In your "anger log", write down things that made you angry during the day and then rate the level of anger you felt between a 1 and a 10.

MONITORING YOUR ANGER : 

MONITORING YOUR ANGER Make sure you include small things, like getting irritated waiting in a short line for example. If you can learn to recognize these smaller angers then you can have some warning and not feel like you will suddenly blow up. ASCETICAL STRUGGLE AND THE HELP OF THE GRACE.

WARNING SIGNS OF YOUR ANGER : 

WARNING SIGNS OF YOUR ANGER Physical signs: things that you can notice inside your own body, like tense muscles, tunnel vision, feeling flush, clenching your jaw or trembling. Behavioral signs: things that someone watching you might notice, like pacing, your voice getting louder, turning red or clenching your fists. Thinking signs: ways that your thoughts start to change, like having thoughts of revenge, using more bad words in your self-talk or having violent fantasies.

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