The life of grace

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A long presentation on the life of grace in a Christian, and the cooperation with virtues.

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THE LIFE OF GRACE

“Be perfect as my Heavenly Father is perfect” 1. Vocation of man: holiness

1928 1968 1988 2008 POST-SYNODALAPOSTOLIC EXHORTATIONCHRISTIFIDELES LAICI OFJOHN PAUL IION THE VOCATION AND THE MISSIONOF THE LAY FAITHFULIN THE CHURCH AND IN THE WORLD Reminders of the calling to Holiness in XX Century

HOLINESS (CFL) : 

HOLINESS (CFL) 16. We come to a full sense of the dignity of the lay faithful if we consider the prime and fundamental vocation that the Father assigns to each of them in Jesus Christ through the Holy Spirit: the vocation to holiness, that is, the perfection of charity.

..."to be holy in all conduct" (1 Pt 1:15). : 

..."to be holy in all conduct" (1 Pt 1:15). “Men and women saints have always been the source and origin of renewal in the most difficult circumstances in the Church's history. Today we have the greatest need of saints whom we must assiduously beg God to raise up"(42).

How to become a saint?What kind of holiness? : 

How to become a saint?What kind of holiness? Different spiritualities Same sanctity IDENTIFICATION WITH JESUS CHRIST How to be declared a saint? Process

Some men and women who have been canonized : 

Some men and women who have been canonized

Some men and women who have been canonized : 

Some men and women who have been canonized

Some people in Process : 

Some people in Process

HOLINESS : 

HOLINESS THE WAY 301 A secret, an open secret: these world crises are crises of saints.God wants a handful of men 'of his own' in every human activity. And then... 'pax Christi in regno Christi — the peace of Christ in the kingdom of Christ'.

Within the lay state diverse "vocations" are given. : 

Within the lay state diverse "vocations" are given. There are different paths in the spiritual life and the apostolate which are taken by individual members of the lay faithful Secular Institutes Associations Prelatures

FRANCIS of Sales1567-1622 : 

FRANCIS of Sales1567-1622 “St. Francis,” Cardinal Luciani wrote, “proclaimed sanctity for everyone, but seems to have taught only a ‘spirituality for lay people,’ whereas Msgr. Escriva wants a ‘lay spirituality.’ Francis, in other words, nearly always suggests for the laity the same practical means used by religious, but with suitable modifications. Escriva is more radical; he goes so far as to talk about ‘materializing’, in the good sense, that quest for holiness. For him, it is the material work which must be turned into prayer and sanctity.”

The Life of Holiness in the World : 

The Life of Holiness in the World 17. The vocation of the lay faithful to holiness implies that life according to the Spirit expresses itself in a particular way in their involvement in temporal affairs and in their participation in earthly activities. Once again the apostle admonishes us: "Whatever you do, in word or deed, do everything in the name of the Lord Jesus... (Col 3:17).

LAY PEOPLE: FOUNDATIONS OF THE CHURCH : 

LAY PEOPLE: FOUNDATIONS OF THE CHURCH 17. ...the vocation to holiness is intimately connected to mission and to the responsibility entrusted to the lay faithful in the Church and in the world. In fact, that same holiness which is derived simply from their participation in the Church's holiness, represents their first and fundamental contribution to the building of the Church herself.

Wonderful scene : 

Wonderful scene 17. ...that of a countless number of lay people, both women and men, busy at work in their daily life and activity, oftentimes far from view and quite unacclaimed by the world, unknown to the world's great personages but nonetheless looked upon in love by the Father, untiring labourers who work in the Lord's vineyard.

CANONIZATION PROCESSES : 

CANONIZATION PROCESSES 17. "Particular Churches especially should be attentive to recognizing among their members the younger men and women of those Churches who have given witness to holiness in such conditions (everyday secular conditions and the conjugal state) and who can be an example for others, so that, if the case calls for it, they (the Churches) might propose them to be beatified and canonized“ (Propositio 8).

Women and Men, in Vatican II : 

Women and Men, in Vatican II When speaking of active and responsible participation in the life and mission of the Church...: "Since in our days women are taking an increasingly active share in the whole life of society, it is very important that they participate more widely also in the various fields of the Church's apostolate"(AA, 9)

Slide 18: 

Women with their own gifts and tasks have their own specific vocation Many women, nevertheless, accompanied Jesus in his ministry and assisted the group of Apostles (cf. Lk 8:2-3) were present at the foot of the Cross (cf. Lk 23:49) The first to receive and transmit the message of resurrection on Easter morning (cf. Lk 24:1-10) and prayed with the apostles in the Cenacle awaiting Pentecost (cf. Acts 1:14).

Saint Giovanna Beretta,Martyr for the Unborn 1922-1962 : 

Saint Giovanna Beretta,Martyr for the Unborn 1922-1962 Giovanna Francesca Beretta was born Oct. 4, 1922 in Milan Gianna was accepted to the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Milan in 1942, the same year both her parents died. Alberto and Maria Beretta left an extraordinary legacy in their children as two became priests, one became a nun and physician, two others became physicians, one became an engineer and another a pharmacist.

UNITY OF LIFE : 

UNITY OF LIFE For Gianna her abiding faith guided her in her practice of medicine. Her belief in the sacredness of all life was solid. On the topic of abortion she said: “the doctor should not meddle. The right of the child to live is equal to the right of the mother's life. The doctor cannot decide; it is a sin to kill in the womb" She married Pietro Molla in 1955. Three children: Pierluigi, Maria Zita and Laura.

Slide 21: 

According to Gianna: "the secret of happiness is living moment by moment and to thank God for everything that in His goodness He sends us, day after day" Gianna became pregnant with the couple's fourth child. Early in the pregnancy a tumor in her ovary was discovered. Of the treatments discussed, Gianna chose the one that would most likely spare the child, even though it would endanger her own life. For her the choice was simple: save the life of the child first and foremost.

BEATIFIED 1994. CANONIZED 2004 : 

BEATIFIED 1994. CANONIZED 2004 The child, Gianna Emanuela, was born on April 21. After the birth of her child, septic peritonitis set in. The physical pain, however, was eclipsed by the agonizing thought of leaving her four children without their mother. Gianna asked to be taken home where she died on April 28, 1962, at 8:00 a.m.

Slide 23: 

Features of the lay faithful according to Vatican II: 1 Called by God in the world and to live in the world 2 Sanctify the world from within: Christifideles laici 16 3 They are engaged in each and every work and business of the earth and in the ordinary circumstances of social and family life which, as it were, constitute their very existence.

MISSION ON EARTH : 

MISSION ON EARTH MISSION OF THE LAY FAITHFUL Mission comes from Baptism A They do not have the “sacra potestas” to act in persona Christi capitis, but they share in the Office of Christ, thanks to their common priesthood. B C Secular condition.

Slide 25: 

This is the passage from the state of sin to the state of grace. This takes place for the first time in Baptism. Subsequently, it happens in the Sacrament of Penance. 2. Justification

Slide 26: 

Nature of sin. Classification of sin: mortal; venial. Itinerary of justification. Need of previous grace. Redemption and Forgiveness. Sanctification and interior renewal. 2. Justification

Slide 27: 

How can I help a lapsed Catholic to come back to a fervourous prayer life? How can I help a non-believer to come to know God? How can I help a believer in Christ to come to accept the Church and her Sacraments and teachings? 2. Justification

Slide 28: 

“May the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, the love of God and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all.” 3. Life of grace. Virtues.

The Nature of Grace : 

The Nature of Grace Grace is the gratuitous gift that God makes to us of his own life. It is a participation in the life of God. Christ won it for us by his work of Redemption. Divinization of the soul.

DIVINE FILIATION, SANCTIFICATION, GRACE & VIRTUES : 

DIVINE FILIATION, SANCTIFICATION, GRACE & VIRTUES Grace is favor, the free and undeserved help that God gives us to respond to his call to become children of God. Grace introduces us into the intimacy of Trinitarian life: by Baptism the Christian participates in the grace of Christ, the Head of his Body. As an "adopted son/daughter"

DIVINE FILIATION, SANCTIFICATION, GRACE & VIRTUES : 

DIVINE FILIATION, SANCTIFICATION, GRACE & VIRTUES CCC 2000 -Sanctifying grace is an habitual gift, a stable and supernatural disposition that perfects the soul itself to enable it to live with God, to act by his love. - Habitual grace, the permanent disposition to live and act in keeping with God's call, is distinguished from actual graces which refer to God's interventions,

DIVINE FILIATION, SANCTIFICATION, GRACE & VIRTUES : 

DIVINE FILIATION, SANCTIFICATION, GRACE & VIRTUES The grace of the Holy Spirit has the power to justify us, that is, to cleanse us from our sins . The first work of the grace of the Holy Spirit is conversion, …: "Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand." - Justification : remission of sins, + the sanctification and renewal of the interior man.

Sanctification : 

Sanctification God wants all men to be saved and to become saints. Grace is the source of the work of sanctification. Sanctification is progress in holiness. It means growing in union with God. In practice, it means becoming more and more like Christ.

HOW TO BECOME HOLY?DIVINE FILIATION, SANCTIFICATION, GRACE & VIRTUES : 

HOW TO BECOME HOLY?DIVINE FILIATION, SANCTIFICATION, GRACE & VIRTUES - Sanctification is progress in holiness. To grow in sanctity one must cooperate with grace, and this requires effort, struggle., because of the disorder introduced by sin (fomes peccati = inclination to sin). - Need of grace through prayer + mortification + sacraments. - Union with Christ: it will be definitive only in Heaven.

Corresponding to Grace : 

Corresponding to Grace To grow in holiness, we must freely correspond to grace. This requires effort and ascetical struggle. We will always have to ask God for his help, but we must also practice self-discipline and mastery.

The Theological Virtues : 

The Theological Virtues These are the virtues that have God as their source, motive and object. Faith. Hope. Charity.

GRACE & VIRTUES : 

GRACE & VIRTUES THE THEOLOGICAL VIRTUES They are infused by God into the soul. FAITH, HOPE AND CHARITY. 1.Faith is the theological virtue by which we believe in God and believe all that he has said and revealed to us, and that Holy Church proposes for our belief, because he is truth itself.

GRACE & VIRTUES : 

GRACE & VIRTUES THE THEOLOGICAL VIRTUES 2. Hope is the theological virtue by which we desire the kingdom of heaven and eternal life as our happiness, placing our trust in Christ's promises and relying not on our own strength, but on the help of the grace of the Holy Spirit.

GRACE & VIRTUES : 

GRACE & VIRTUES THE THEOLOGICAL VIRTUES 3. Charity is the theological virtue by which we love God above all things for his own sake, and our neighbour as ourselves for the love of God.

VIRTUES : 

VIRTUES HUMAN VIRTUES Human virtues are firm and habitual disposition to do good. Four Cardinal virtues: Prudence/ Justice / Temperance / Fortitude. Human virtues perfect the intellect and will. They lead our actions. They are grouped around 4 cardinal virtues.

The Cardinal Virtues : 

The Cardinal Virtues 1. Prudence 2. Justice 3. Fortitude 4. Temperance

The Cardinal Virtues : 

The Cardinal Virtues Prudence disposes practical reason to discern what is truly good in every circumstance and the right means of achieving it. Justice is the constant and firm will to give the others their due.

Prudence : 

Prudence To discern the true good, and to choose the right means of achieving it.

Justice : 

Justice To give their due to God and neighbour. Not to damage properties, and respect persons.

The Cardinal Virtues : 

The Cardinal Virtues Fortitude is firmness in difficulties and constancy in the pursuit of good. Temperance moderates the attraction of pleasures and provides balance in the use of material goods.

Fortitude : 

Fortitude Firmness in difficulties & constancy in the pursue of the good. To resist temptations & to overcome obstacles. To face trials, sicknesses, persecutions, etc. Sacrifice vs LAZINESS

Temperance : 

Temperance Moderates the attraction of pleasures, & provides balance in the use of created goods. Mastery over instincts.

VIRTUES : 

VIRTUES Repetition of good actions. Prayers Work Sacrifice With the help of the grace of God. Human virtues prepare for the supernatural ones.

VIRTUES : 

VIRTUES VIRTUES AND GRACE. GIFTS AND FRUITS OF THE HOLY SPIRIT. Gifts of the Holy Spirit: permanent dispositions which make man docile in following the promptings of the Holy Spirit. 7 gifts: wisdom, understanding, counsel, fortitude, knowledge, piety and fear of God.

DIVINE FILIATION, SANCTIFICATION, GRACE & VIRTUES : 

DIVINE FILIATION, SANCTIFICATION, GRACE & VIRTUES Fruits: acts which a christian in the state of grace carries out under the impulse of the Paraclete, and which show docility to his motions. 12 fruits: charity, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, generosity, gentleness, faithfulness, modesty, self-control, and chastity (see Gal 5; 22,23)

The Gifts of the Holy Spirit : 

The Gifts of the Holy Spirit Wisdom makes us understand the plans of God. Understanding helps us go deep in the truths about God. Counsel helps us see God’s will in concrete situations. Fortitude makes us strong in the face of difficulties.

The Gifts of the Holy Spirit : 

The Gifts of the Holy Spirit Knowledge helps us grasp the relation of created things to the last end. Piety helps us relate to God as loving children. Fear of the Lord makes us reject anything that may offend God.

Slide 55: 

Works performed in the state of grace. What can be merited. Influence of grace in our human actions. Sanctification of work: you or the Holy Spirit? Relationship human virtues <-> supernatural virtues. PERSONALITY: human and supernatural. Influence of passions in moral life. 4. GRACE AND WORKS. MERIT.

Passions and the Moral Life : 

Passions and the Moral Life We also call the passions “emotions”, or “sentiments”. These are love-hatred, desire-aversion, joy-sorrow, courage-fear, hope-despair, and anger. They are neither good nor evil in themselves. They are good when they contribute to a good action.

Slide 57: 

The influence of the passions in moral life PASSIONS ARE: movements of the sensitive appetites (irascible and concupiscible) that incline us to act or not to act in regard to something felt or imagined a) love and hatred b) desire and aversion c) hope and despair d) courage and fear e) joy/pleasure and sadness/sorrow f) anger St. Josemaría: "passionately in love with the world, passionately in love with God."

Slide 58: 

The influence of the passions in moral life: - They are good when they contribute to a good action; evil in the opposite case. - They have to be controlled by reason and by one’s will. Selfishness succumbs to disordered passions or uses them for evil

MONITORING YOUR ANGER : 

MONITORING YOUR ANGER Problems controlling your temper? You may feel as if your anger comes on suddenly and as if it comes from out of nowhere. It might seem that before you even have a chance to realize that you are feeling angry, you find yourself acting aggressively and doing or saying things that you later regret.

MONITORING YOUR ANGER : 

MONITORING YOUR ANGER The good news is - there are things that you can do to get control over your anger. Learn to monitor it. Learning to monitor your anger takes time. Learn to recognize that you are getting angry before you become so angry that you can't control yourself. Learn to think in terms of an "anger meter", with your anger being on a scale between 1 to 10, instead of thinking of anger as "all or nothing".

MONITORING YOUR ANGER : 

MONITORING YOUR ANGER Irritation, annoyance, frustration and many other feelings are actually lower level anger and are easier to control than more intense anger. If you can learn to keep these lower level angers from turning into stronger anger or rage. In your "anger log", write down things that made you angry during the day and then rate the level of anger you felt between a 1 and a 10.

MONITORING YOUR ANGER : 

MONITORING YOUR ANGER Make sure you include small things, like getting irritated waiting in a short line for example. If you can learn to recognize these smaller angers then you can have some warning and not feel like you will suddenly blow up. ASCETICAL STRUGGLE AND THE HELP OF THE GRACE.

WARNING SIGNS OF YOUR ANGER : 

WARNING SIGNS OF YOUR ANGER Physical signs: things that you can notice inside your own body, like tense muscles, tunnel vision, feeling flush, clenching your jaw or trembling. Behavioral signs: things that someone watching you might notice, like pacing, your voice getting louder, turning red or clenching your fists. Thinking signs: ways that your thoughts start to change, like having thoughts of revenge, using more bad words in your self-talk or having violent fantasies.

Slide 65: 

A personal task Itinerary: “Towards holiness” Prayer Life: how to overcome difficulties? Humanity of Jesus Christ Love for the Cross Dialogue with the Trinity With Mary, and the Angels and Saints. 5. CHRISTIAN SANCTITY

HOMILY “Towards Sanctity”In “Friends of God” : 

HOMILY “Towards Sanctity”In “Friends of God” 294 SANCTITY FOR ALL We are deeply moved, and our hearts profoundly shaken, when we listen attentively to that cry of St Paul: 'This is God's will for you, your sanctification.'  I am often asked: 'What do you say to us married folk? To those of us who work on the land? To widows? To young people?'I reply systematically that I have only 'one stewing pot'. I usually go on to point out that Our Lord Jesus Christ preached the good news to all, without distinction.

HOMILY “Towards Sanctity”In “Friends of God” : 

HOMILY “Towards Sanctity”In “Friends of God” 296 PRAYER We start with vocal prayers which many of us have been saying since we were children. First one brief aspiration, then another, and another... till our fervour seems insufficient, because words are too poor...: then this gives way to intimacy with God, looking at God without needing rest or feeling tired.

HOMILY “Towards Sanctity”In “Friends of God” : 

HOMILY “Towards Sanctity”In “Friends of God” 298 Difficulties It may be that, even from the beginning, dark clouds will appear and, at the same time, the enemies of our sanctification may employ techniques of psychological terrorism …

HOMILY “Towards Sanctity”In “Friends of God” : 

HOMILY “Towards Sanctity”In “Friends of God” 299 Humanity of Jesus Christ In order to draw close to God we must take the right road, which is the Sacred Humanity of Christ. This is why I have always advised people to read books on the Lord's Passion. Such works, which are full of true piety, bring to our minds the Son of God, a Man like ourselves and also true God, who in his flesh loves and suffers to redeem the world.Take the Holy Rosary, one of the most deeply rooted of Christian devotions. The Church encourages us to contemplate its mysteries.

HOMILY “Towards Sanctity”In “Friends of God” : 

HOMILY “Towards Sanctity”In “Friends of God” 299 Humanity of Jesus Christ To follow Christ — that is the secret. We must accompany him so closely that we come to live with him, like the first Twelve did; so closely, that we become identified with him. 300 I have distinguished as it were four stages in our effort to identify ourselves with Christ: seeking him, finding him, getting to know him, loving him.

HOMILY “Towards Sanctity”In “Friends of God” : 

HOMILY “Towards Sanctity”In “Friends of God” 301 Love for the Cross But do not forget that being with Jesus means we shall most certainly come upon his Cross. When we abandon ourselves into God's hands, he frequently permits us to taste sorrow, loneliness, opposition, slander, defamation, ridicule, coming both from within and from outside. Wounds of Jesus Christ

HOMILY “Towards Sanctity”In “Friends of God” : 

HOMILY “Towards Sanctity”In “Friends of God” 306 Distinguish the Persons of the Trinity Our heart now needs to distinguish and adore each one of the divine Persons. The soul is, as it were, making a discovery in the supernatural life, like a little child opening his eyes to the world about him. The soul spends time lovingly with the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit, and readily submits to the work of the life-giving Paraclete, who gives himself to us with no merit on our part, bestowing his gifts and the supernatural virtues!

HOMILY “Towards Sanctity”In “Friends of God” : 

HOMILY “Towards Sanctity”In “Friends of God” 312-314 Journey towards Emaus Journey of Ordinary life The road to Emmaus: our God has filled this name with sweetness. Now the entire world has become an Emmaus, for the Lord has opened up all the divine paths of the earth.

HOMILY “Towards Sanctity”In “Friends of God” : 

HOMILY “Towards Sanctity”In “Friends of God” 315 With the holy Angels With Mary With love for the Church

MISSION ON EARTH : 

MISSION ON EARTH Sanctify work and all ordinary realities May the Mother of God and our Mother protect us, … May each one of us joyfully honour the Lord by carrying out his own duties, those which are properly his; each one of us, in his job or profession and fulfilling the obligations of his state in life.Love the Church; serve the Church with the conscious gladness of one who has committed himself to this service for Love's sake.

MISSION ON EARTH : 

MISSION ON EARTH Apostolate: right and duty 1. Adquire formation in Catholic Doctrine 2. The light of the faith should be seen in works and decissions 3. To work so that the divine message of salvation reach all environments (Apostolicam actuositatem 3).

MISSION ON EARTH : 

MISSION ON EARTH

The End : 

The End

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