FAMILY AND EDUCATION : FAMILY AND EDUCATION 1. The family as the first cell of Society
2. Rights and duties of the family
3. Education 1. The family as the first cell of Society : 1. The family as the first cell of Society PERSON FAMILY SOCIETY
Complementarity between men and women.
Equal worth and dignity
Both man and woman are equally human; both are created in the “image of God”, both are persons (MD 6 & 8). A person finds his fulfillment in the gift of self (Mulieris Dignitatem, 7) 1.a. The family is founded upon the solid rock of Matrimony Now, are there differences in dignity between man and woman? : Now, are there differences in dignity between man and woman? The difference “Male person”/female person” has its most profound reason in the condition itself of person, that demands communication and love. Man and woman are created as “unity of two” (MD 6).
Man and woman are called to exist reciprocally, one for the other: In creating man and woman, God wants the integration of what is masculine and feminine in humanity (MD 7).
Marriage has the “unity of two” as one of its principal fulfillments which is continued in the family (FC 18-21). The generation of the offspring, which is the work of both, is accomplished as paternity in a man and maternity in a woman (FC 22-25) Slide 4: The importance - in contemporary culture – of affirming the feminine and masculine personal identity.
A crusade of manliness and femininity and of purity is especially necessary today.
To live holy purity is a joyful “affirmation” within the state of each one.
Man and woman in the life of the Church; the call to sanctify all human activities. Bringing Christ to society. Slide 5: Marriage as a Natural Institution
Nature made the male and the female
Differences why? Intention of unity: ensure continuation of human race
Attraction/pleasure to help unity.
Purpose of Sex?
Ends of Marriage
1. procreation and education of children
2. mutual help of the couple Slide 6: THE PLAN OF GOD FOR MARRIAGE AND THE FAMILY
Man, the Image of the God Who Is Love
God created man in his own image and likeness [ calling him to existence through love, he called him at the same time for love.
God is love [ and in himself he lives a mystery of personal loving communion. Creating the human race in his own image and continually keeping it in being, God inscribed in the humanity of man and woman the vocation, and thus the capacity and responsibility, of love and communion. Love is therefore the fundamental and innate vocation of every human being. Children, the Precious Gift of Marriage : Children, the Precious Gift of Marriage According to the plan of God, marriage is the foundation of the wider community of the family, since the very institution of marriage and conjugal love is ordained to the procreation and education of children, in whom it finds its crowning 1.b. INDISSOLUBILITY : 1.b. INDISSOLUBILITY Properties of Matrimony:
By virtue of the covenant of married life, the man and woman “are no longer two but one flesh” and they are called to grow continually in their communion through day- to-day fidelity to their marriage promise ol total mutual self-giving.
This conjugal communion sinks its roots in the naturaI complementarity that exists between man and woman and is nurtured through the personal willingness of the spouses to share their entire life project. Indissolubility : Indissolubility Being rooted in the personal and total self-giving of the couple and being required by the good of the children, the indissolubility of marriage finds its ultimate truth in the plan that God has manifested in his revelation: tie wills and communicates the indissolubility of marriage as a fruit, a sign and a requirement of the absolutely faithful love that God has for man and that the Lord Jesus has for the Church. ... “What therefore God has joined together, let not man put asunder”. HOMO HOMINIS LUPUS : HOMO HOMINIS LUPUS St Thomas Aquinas: “To love is to will the good of another”. HOMO HOMINIS PERSONA Slide 11: Marriage Contract: the giving to the other partner of the exclusive right over our bodies with respect to those acts that have to do with the engendering of children.
Marital right: the right of either partner to ask for the sexual act (anytime any place).
Marital duty: the obligation of either partner to accede to the request of the other, whenever the right is reasonably requested (i.e., no violence or drunkenness). CONTRACEPTION : CONTRACEPTION When couples, by means of recourse to contraception, separate these two meanings that God the creator has inscribed in the being of man and woman and in the dynamism of their sexual communion, they act as “arbiters” of the divine plan and they “manipulate” and degrade human sexuality and with it themselves and their married partner by altering its value of “total” self-giving.
When, instead, by means of recourse to periods of infertility, the couple respect inseparable connection between the unitive and procreative meanings of human sexuality, they are acting as “ministers” of God’s plan and they “benefit from” their sexuality according to the original dynamism of “total” self-giving, without manipulation or alteration. Slide 13: Secularized and anti-natalist sex education puts God at the margin of life and regards the birth of a child as a threat.
This sex education is spread by large organizations and international associations that promote abortion, sterilization and contraception.
These organizations want to impose a false lifestyle against the truth of human sexuality. Working at national or state levels, these organizations try to arouse the fear of the threat of over-population among children and young people to promote the contraceptive mentality, that is, the anti life mentality. Slide 14: They spread false ideas about the reproductive health and sexual and reproductive rights of young people.
Furthermore, some antinatalist organizations maintain those clinics which, violating the rights of parents, provide abortion and contraception for young people, thus promoting promiscuity and consequently an increase in teenage pregnancies. DIVORCE : DIVORCE It affects society
CENSUS BOUREAU US (the highest divorce rate among major countries): The National Center for Health Statistics recently released a report which found that 43 % of first marriages end in separation or divorce within 15 years. The study is based on the National Survey of Family Growth.
The total numbers of U.S. divorces reported finalized annually are 957,200 in 2000, 944,317 in 1999, and 947,384 in 1998. Four divorces per 1,000 people.
Singapore: 1,91 cases per 1,000 residents. But record in 2003: 6,561 marriages ended in divorce.
The total numbers of U.S. marriages reported celebrated annually are 2,355,005 in 2000, 2,366,623 in 1999, and 2,267,854 in 1998. Slide 16: “The average man [spent] more time deciding upon a car purchase than in choosing a lifelong spouse, and the average woman often [knew] more about her hairdresser than about her intended."
Most common grounds of divorce:
1. Cruelty 40%2. Desertion 33%3. Adultery4. Alcoholism5. Felony conviction6. Nonsupport7. Impotence Secrets of a happy Marriage : Secrets of a happy Marriage -”Years ago I had a colleague who came from a part of Greece where parents still arranged marriages. Both sets of her grandparents had married this way. I once asked her what those marriages were like. She replied that both had actually been quite happy. When I asked her how that could be, given the lack of choice, she said, "Back then there was no possibility of divorce, so a couple knew they had to make their marriage work." Once a couple takes that attitude, the emotions fall into place quite nicely. “ Secrets of a happy Marriage : Secrets of a happy Marriage The Spanish philosopher Ortega y Gasset divided the human race into two categories: those who place demands on themselves, and those who don't. This certainly applies to marriage.
And one area where every spouse needs to work is communication. Look at any happy marriage and you'll notice not only that the couple is good at communicating.
A good marriage is like a Sonata: sometimes the piano leads, sometimes the violin. Secrets of a happy Marriage : Secrets of a happy Marriage 1. St. Thomas Aquinas's definition of love, which has never been improved upon: "To love is to will the good of another."
2. Marriage is a continual courtship.
3. Successful spouses listen. When their partner has something to say, they put down the paper, turn off the tv, and listen with their eyes.
4. Good spouses make quality time for one another.
5. Learn to yield cheerfully in matters of personal preference.
6. Be cheerful, period. 1.c. Historical changes : 1.c. Historical changes Things can change in society with time.
Man and family cannot change in the essentials. Natural Law cannot change.
Family is a community of persons.
PERSON: juridical definition; psychological; ethical; ontological. 2. Rights and duties of the family : 2. Rights and duties of the family E - DUCARE: point, sign direction.
When? All the time. Since birth.
Parents: first educators
Rights to education, election of schools
Right to have a healthy society: Divorce? Same sex unions?
Legal and Social recognitions 2. Rights and duties of the family : 2. Rights and duties of the family Who is the best cadidate to Prime Minister?
And Minister of Health?
Minister of Education?
The Family. 3. EDUCATION IN INFANCY AND YOUTH : 3. EDUCATION IN INFANCY AND YOUTH Goals in education
Need of an educational process
Integrity of values
Solidarity. Education of the poorest.
Right of the Church to educate.
How to make children think?... Slide 24: Uganda is one of the few African countries where HIV prevalence rates are declining, and it is seen as a rare example of success in a continent which is facing a severe AIDS crisis. Uganda's policies are credited with having brought the prevalence rate down from higher than 30% in the early 90s to around 6% last year. The country is seen as having implemented a well-timed and successful public education campaign, reducing the numbers of people indulging in casual sex as well as significantly cutting the HIV prevalence rate.1 The "ABCs" of HIV Prevention: Report of a USAID Technical Meeting On Behavior Change Approaches To Primary Prevention of HIV/AIDS, September 17, 2002 An example, and
its solution Slide 25: Uganda is estimated to have a population of about 20 - 25 million.
Over 80% of the working population is employed in agriculture
Uganda achieved independence from the UK in 1962
Due to AIDS, life expectancy in Uganda is 42 years.
51% of the population did not have access to healthcare facilities in 2001 Slide 26: During the early 90s, HIV prevalence peaked at over 30% and until recently has been much higher than that in some areas. Uganda is now estimated to have about 1 million people living with HIV/AIDS. Uganda's Ministry of Health Surveillance Unit estimated that there were about 1,050,555 people living with HIV/AIDS by end of December 2001 and that there had been over 940,000 HIV/AIDS-related deaths since the onset of the epidemic in the country.
HIV has not only a social but an economic cost. HIV / AIDS related expenses in Uganda cost the public services over sh3billion in 1999, and the country's GDP has fallen. Slide 27: 1982 The first AIDS case in Uganda was diagnosed.
Between 1982 and 1986 there was little understanding of what AIDS was.
1990 The AIDS Information Centre was formed to provide voluntary counselling and testing
1986 President Yoweri Museveni responded to the emerging HIV crisis in Uganda swiftly, embarking on a nationwide tour to tell people that avoiding AIDS was a patriotic duty, and that they should abstain from sex before marriage and then go on to remain faithful to their partners and to use condoms. New infections
There has also been an apparent fall in the numbers of new infections amongst younger people, suggesting that they are more cautious about indulging in potentially risky activities.