6. Creation

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6. CREATION & EVOLUTION : 

6. CREATION & EVOLUTION 1 Importance of This Topic 2 The Whole Universe Was Created By God Theory of Evolution 3 Creation of Angels and Man and The Material World Properties of the Human Soul Spiritual Faculties of Man Everything God Has Created Is good 4 Practical Consequences of the Truth about Creation

1. Importance of this topic : 

1. Importance of this topic Where do you come from? Adam & Eve? Is it just a childish tale? Where are we going? Where does everything that exists come from and where is it going to? SCIENCE OR BIBLE? Genesis?

2. The whole universe was created by God : 

2. The whole universe was created by God “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth” (Gen 1:1). 1 Eternal God gave beginning 2 He alone is Creator (bara). Ex nihilo (out of nothing). 3 All that exist comes from God.

Slide 4: 

The origin of Life and … the Evolution of the Species?

The beginning of life on our planet : 

Bible provided answers and they were accepted until the XVII C. Agnosticism & Positivism no longer accept Creation. SOLUTIONS? a) Life came from another planet? b) Life originated by chance? Matter blindly developing from molecules to form a man. Living beings from material components Oparin The beginning of life on our planet

The Theory of Evolution : 

The Theory of Evolution XVIII: Leibniz, Buffon, Lamarck: capacity to adapt to the changing environment. But, are these properties inherited? Charles Darwin (Natural selection, evolution of organs, evolutions of species?)

The Theory of Evolution : 

The Theory of Evolution Charles Darwin (Origin of species, 1859: conflict science and religion; Descent of man: monkey to Homo Sapiens, Ramapithecus, Australopitecus, Java Man, Peking Man, Neanderthal Man). Or else…: an absolutely literal interpretation of Genesis?

RADICAL EVOLUTION : 

RADICAL EVOLUTION Development, continuous transformation of living beings by contingent factors, EXCLUDING DESIGN. Then: no need of any intervention of God. Irreversible process in time, which in its course generates “something” (somebody) new, higher levels of diversity. Complex organs (eye) appears by chance, and the same for the apparition of man.

Slide 9: 

Darwin would have absolutely agreed. But, Who made it all from the beginning?

Slide 10: 


RADICAL EVOLUTION : 

RADICAL EVOLUTION Herbert Spencer (1852): principle of natural selection & the survival of the fittest. No more argument of design. Species have appeared & disappeared. All organs are variable. Tendencies to variations which explain the genesis of groups (to better and higher forms of life): Darwin: accidental changes (chance). Blind variations.

RADICAL EVOLUTION : 

RADICAL EVOLUTION The ticket “man” just appeared in the great lottery of the mutations (Monod) Is it possible a transmutation in being? In the mode of being without a cause? Can the cause be internal, immanent cause? How to originate life from prime matter?

EVOLUTION : 

EVOLUTION Physical things do not aspire to immortality (it is excluded from their nature). NO SELF-CAUSALITY nor NO CAUSALITY. Chance is not an explanation. Cause is needed to direct the process. Principle of causality.

EVOLUTION : 

EVOLUTION Natural phenomena follows laws. Process cannot happen by chance. There is always a cause-effect. In sciences we try to discover these laws.

MAN’S DESCENT FROM ANIMALS : 

MAN’S DESCENT FROM ANIMALS Spiritual faculties differ only in degree? Or essentially, from animals?

1. Homo habilis disappeared 1,500,000 years ago.2. Homo erectus.(Anthropoid): disappeared 1,000,000 years ago.3. Homo sapiens: evolution from homo neanderthalensis to the homo sapiens sapiens (30,000 years ago).Recent discoveries date him back to 90,000 years ago and not from the neanderthalensis. : 

1. Homo habilis disappeared 1,500,000 years ago.2. Homo erectus.(Anthropoid): disappeared 1,000,000 years ago.3. Homo sapiens: evolution from homo neanderthalensis to the homo sapiens sapiens (30,000 years ago).Recent discoveries date him back to 90,000 years ago and not from the neanderthalensis.

REVELATION: Gen 1-3 : 

REVELATION: Gen 1-3 God formed man from dust (aphar in Hebrew = dust from earth). And breathed into his face the breath of life (man became a living soul (Gen 2:7). Origin of woman: from man (Gen 2: 21-23)

EVOLUTION : 

EVOLUTION What is Creation? Mere potentiality or Divine intervention (First cause) in nature? Evolution is possible but a Creator is needed, & Finality. GOD created out of his own power, wisdom, and love.

ORIGIN & MEANING OF NATURE : 

ORIGIN & MEANING OF NATURE Einstein: the Universe is dynamic, in constant evolution (without order). 1927, the Belgian priest Georges Lemaître: the first to propose that the universe began with the explosion of a primeval atom. His proposal came after observing the red shift in distant nebulas by astronomers to a model of the universe based on relativity.

Big Bang : 

Big Bang Distant galaxies are traveling away from us at great speeds. Existence of cosmic background radiation (the glow left over from the explosion itself).

Big Bang : 

Big Bang The 4 pillars of the Hot Big Bang model Expansion of the Universe Origin of the cosmic background radiation Synthesis of the light elements Formation of galaxies and large-scale structure

2 The Whole Universe Was Created by God : 

2 The Whole Universe Was Created by God To create is to produce from nothing. Only God can create -- an infinite power is required. Atheist : The world came from chance. DAWKINS Did the world come from chance?Do you know how plays of Shakespeare were written? Some flies with ink on their feet walked all over paper, and signs that resulted were Shakespeare’s plays. It is as absurd to believe that Shakespeare’s plays were written by chance and not from a poet’s intelligence, as to believe in the fortuitous origin of the universe without the intervention of Divine Intelligence.

CAUSE-EFFECT. Examples : 

CAUSE-EFFECT. Examples A body undergoing displacement, for example, produces the movement of other bodies as it collides with them. In order to move another, it needs to be moved itself: it is a “moved mover”. E.g. The first two “viae” of St. Thomas for demonstrating God’s existence (Cosmological proofs): 1. motion 2. efficient causality

2. The whole universe was created by God : 

2. The whole universe was created by God The work of creation is common to the 3 Persons of the Holy Trinity. It was created in time; it did not exist from all eternity. God has revealed this. WHY? God created the world freely to manifest and communicate His glory. His glory is our happiness.The world is good. No opposition between faith and science

2. The Whole Universe was created by God : 

2. The Whole Universe was created by God Presence of God in creatures. God transcends creation (He is out of the world). Presence through essence, presence and power. Providence of God. He guides creation towards perfection. He cares for all, from the least to the great events of the history

3. The creation of angels and man : 

3. The creation of angels and man

3. The creation of angels and man : 

3. The creation of angels and man ANGELS: Spiritual, non-corporeal beings. They have intelligence and will Personal and immortal creatures Guardian Angel

3. The creation of angels and man : 

3. The creation of angels and man MAN: CCC 355-6. God created man in his image and likeness. Of all visible creatures only man is able to know and love his Creator Willed by God for its own sake. Called to share in God’s own life

3. The creation of angels and manWHY? : 

3. The creation of angels and manWHY? Before the creation of the world God chose us in Christ that we might be holy (Eph 1:4)

3. The creation of angels and man : 

3. The creation of angels and man God created man that he may work, and bring everything to perfection. Work makes us sharers in God’s creative power.

3. The creation of angels and man : 

3. The creation of angels and man Dignity of a person, who is not just something, but someone. Man and woman: same dignity. Complementarity. Corporal and spiritual dimensions (Gen 2:7). Soul, form of the body. Their union forms a single nature.

3. The creation of angels and man : 

3. The creation of angels and man Every soul is immediately created by God (not produced by the parents). Immortal. Spiritual soul is known by reason, by the spirituality of operations knowledge and will

3. The creation of angels and man : 

3. The creation of angels and man The material world: God created everything for man, but man in turn was created to serve and love God and to offer all creation back to Him (CCC 358). No destructive domination. WARS. Man orders creation to God.

4. Practical consequences : 

4. Practical consequences To know and admire God’s wisdom and power. Reverence, adoration, humility Material things should lead us to Him. Otherwise: materialistic. Work: evaluated as participation in God’s creative work. Meaning of the world and of our lives.

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