Nethers_DUP_Lecture_Imperialism

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Intro to Imperialism and Colonialism in Subsaharan Africa :

Intro to Imperialism and Colonialism in Subsaharan Africa Many of the maps included in this lecture, I used for my World Geography course at HIU and are adapted from the following: Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.

Student Objectives:

Student Objectives Today’s lecture and its subsequent assignments will help you to: a) Differentiate between how native people might have viewed Colonialism/Imperialism verses the Colonizers (in this case, European nations) b) Identify the ways in which human rights were violated through Imperialism and how it persists to today

Activating Prior Knowledge::

Activating Prior Knowledge: Using your Forms of Imperialism worksheet, as well as our prior discussions on Imperialism in other parts of the world: What is the difference between a colony and a protectorate? What is a sphere of influence? In which ways did the Age of Enlightenment in Europe play a role in colonial exploitation? With an elbow partner: Describe what you know of imperialism and colonialism in India, the Americas, and Southeast Asia? Explain anything you know about colonialism in Africa.

Slide4:

Where is Subsaharan Africa and why is it called that?

Slide5:

Subsaharan Africa – landmass south of the Sahara Desert Sahara acts as a barrier Culturally diverse, mostly dissimilar to North Africa Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Where is Subsaharan Africa and why is it called that?

Slide6:

I picture deserts and giraffes when I think of Africa. Where do people in Subsaharan Africa actually live? This Photo by Unknown Author is licensed under CC BY-SA

Slide7:

Some population clusters, but most of the realm is sparsely peopled. Why do you think we see the population distribution in Subsaharan Africa the way we do? Population Distribution

Slide8:

Water supply is Subsaharan Africa’s leading problem Historically and today How is this different from where we live? How do you think Subsaharan Africa’s water problem has played into their history? That’s right!

Brief African Historical Context:

Brief African Historical Context Little is known from 5000-500 years ago due to: Neglected history during European colonialism: Artifacts and traditions destroyed; numerous misconceptions become entrenched We do know there were hundreds of civilizations and kingdoms, each with its own language, religion, and beautiful culture Rich in trade, mobility, and technological advances

Historical Context Cont.:

Historical Context Cont. Link up with your elbow partner and pull out a phone Look up the most prominent city-states in pre-colonial Subsaharan Africa Find one interesting fact about that city-state and share with your partner

What you already know: Broader Historical Context :

What you already know: Broader Historical Context Using what we have already learned in this class and your own knowledge, what was going on in Europe and around the world leading up to: The mid-15 th century when the Portuguese began exploring the west coast of Africa The beginning of the 18 th century with the start of the slave trade The middle to late 19 th century leading to the drawing of new African boundaries in 1884 (Think expansion, religion, warring empires, etc.) Looking ahead: Do you think African voices were heard during the carving up of the African map among leading European powers? Why or why not?

Political Partitioning of Africa:

Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Political Partitioning of Africa 1884 conference of mostly European states: At the time, more than 80 percent of Africa was still under traditional African rule What do you notice about the new boundaries drawn and partitioned off to European Imperialists after 1885?

Student’s Choice Project: Rwanda or South Africa? Part 1 :

Student’s Choice Project: Rwanda or South Africa? Part 1

Intro to Rwanda:

Intro to Rwanda Complicated ethnic and sociocultural conflict: Colonial leaders promoted Tutsi minority Why? Tutsi pastoralists dominated Hutu farmers Violent resentment between and within groups Within groups? Led to genocide in the 1990s Conflict continues, spilling over into the DRCongo : known as “Africa’s continental war” Rwanda currently has one of the fastest growing economies in Africa, however most people still live in poverty

Intro to South Africa:

Intro to South Africa Cape was seen as strategic gateway from Atlantic to Indian Ocean. Dutch Boer and British vied for power and territory in the early state (racial stratification began) Four decades of apartheid: Separate development practice involving strict racial segregation and severe discrimination (68% of S.A. population was Black; 20% White in 1946) applied by the white, ruling minority. Sound familiar? Ended with an accord between opposing sides: 1994 democratic election of Nelson Mandela South Africa is m odernized with wide regional influence, good farmland, large cities, developed transportation systems , and yet there is an abundance of ongoing challenges. What might some of those challenges be?

Which country grabs your attention: Rwanda or South Africa? Pick one!:

Which country grabs your attention: Rwanda or South Africa ? Pick one!

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