Pablo Neruda

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Pablo Neruda Jesus Gonzalez

Neruda:

Neruda Neftali Ricardo Reyes Basoalto was the first legal name of Pablo but he changed it to Neruda after the Czech poet Jan Neruda Pablo was a Nobel Prize for Literature winner in 1971 He wrote in a variety of styles including surrealistic poems, historical epics, overtly political manifestos, a prose autobiography, and erotically-charged love poems He often wrote in green ink, which was his personal symbol for desire and hope In 1970, Neruda was nominated as a candidate for the Chilean presidency, Between 1927 and 1935, the government put him in charge of a number of honorary consulships, which took him to Burma, Ceylon, Java, Singapore, Buenos Aires, Barcelona, and Madrid. The Spanish Civil War and the murder of García Lorca, whom Neruda knew, affected him strongly and made him join the Republican movement, first in Spain, and later in France. Neruda died of heart failure on the evening of September 23, 1973, at Santiago's Santa María Clinic.

Morning XXVII:

Morning XXVII Naked, you are simple as one of your hands, smooth, earthy, small, transparent, round: you have moon-lines, apple-pathways: naked, you are slender as a naked grain of wheat. Naked, you are blue as a night in Cuba; you have vines and stars in your hair; naked you are spacious and yellow as summer in a golden church. Naked, you are tiny as one of your nails - curved, subtle, rosy, till the day is born and you withdraw to the underground world, as if down a long tunnel of clothing and of chores: your clear light dims, gets dressed - drops its leaves - and becomes a naked hand again. Analysis In this poem Neruda is describing a woman and how she looks to him when she’s naked. Neruda uses similes to compare the woman to summer. He repeats the word “you” in every sentence to exaggerate the fact that it is her. Also he begins every stanza, except for the last, with the word naked to describe how she looks naked in his eyes. Neruda is being romantic in the fact that he sees this woman as beautiful and uses a rare context of describing her in her most vulnerable appearance.

XV I Like For You To Be Still:

XV I Like For You To Be Still I like for you to be still: it is as though you were absent, and you hear me from far away and my voice does not touch you. It seems as though your eyes had flown away and it seems that a kiss had sealed your mouth. As all things are filled with my soul you emerge from the things, filled with my soul. You are like my soul, a butterfly of dream, and you are like the word Melancholy. I like for you to be still, and you seem far away. It sounds as though you were lamenting, a butterfly cooing like a dove. And you hear me from far away, and my voice does not reach you: Let me come to be still in your silence. And let me talk to you with your silence that is bright as a lamp, simple as a ring. You are like the night, with its stillness and constellations. Your silence is that of a star, as remote and candid. I like for you to be still: it is as though you were absent, distant and full of sorrow as though you had died. One word then, one smile is enough. And I am happy, happy that it's not true. Analysis In this poem Neruda speaks about an unspoken love. A man who loved a woman but never showed it. This poem gives the feeling of a love that can be expressed without words. The presence of one another can be enough to fill the others soul. It is, in my eyes, explaining love at first sight. You see someone in the room and they see you and an instant connection occurs. With that connection it is enough for you to feel the love between each other and know that nothing else needs to be said because you already know how they feel.

Poetry *:

Poetry * And it was at that age ... Poetry arrived in search of me. I don't know, I don't know where it came from, from winter or a river. I don't know how or when, no they were not voices, they were not words, nor silence, but from a street I was summoned, from the branches of night, abruptly from the others, among violent fires or returning alone, there I was without a face and it touched me. I did not know what to say, my mouth had no way with names, my eyes were blind, and something started in my soul, fever or forgotten wings, and I made my own way, deciphering that fire, and I wrote the first faint line, faint, without substance, pure nonsense, pure wisdom of someone who knows nothing, and suddenly I saw the heavens unfastened and open, planets, palpitating plantations, shadow perforated, riddled with arrows, fire and flowers, the winding night, the universe. And I, infinitesimal being, drunk with the great starry void, likeness, image of mystery, felt myself a pure part of the abyss, I wheeled with the stars, my heart broke loose on the wind.  Analysis In this poem Neruda actually describes how poetry entered his life and helped him. It’s as if he has found his calling and his passion for poetry. However it is also as if poetry found him. Neruda uses personification to show how this is. “ And it was at that age . . .Poetry arrived in search of me” (Neruda). With this statement Neruda explains that the love for his poetry was in a way a mutual relationship between him and poetry. They both found each other and connected. He was able to deeply express himself and what he had in his heart, “My heart broke loose on the wind”. This poem stands out from the rest in the book because it is kind out like describing his first love and the way he was then able to express his love for other things.

“La United Fruit Co.” (1950):

“La United Fruit Co.” (1950) When the trumpet sounded everything was prepared on earth, and Jehovah gave the world to Coca-Cola Inc., Anaconda, Ford Motors, and other corporations. The United Fruit Company reserved for itself the most juicy piece, the central coast of my world, the delicate waist of America. It rebaptized these countries Banana Republics, and over the sleeping dead, over the unquiet heroes who won greatness, liberty, and banners, it established an opera buffa : it abolished free will, gave out imperial crowns, encouraged envy, attracted the dictatorship of flies: Trujillo flies, Tachos flies Carias flies, Martinez flies, Ubico flies, flies sticky with submissive blood and marmalade, drunken flies that buzz over the tombs of the people, circus flies, wise flies expert at tyranny. With the bloodthirsty flies came the Fruit Company, amassed coffee and fruit in ships which put to sea like overloaded trays with the treasures from our sunken lands. Meanwhile the Indians fall into the sugared depths of the harbors and are buried in the morning mists; a corpse rolls, a thing without name, a discarded number, a bunch of rotten fruit thrown on the garbage heap. Analysis In this poem Neruda is protesting against the use of Latin Americas land for the greedy North Americas companies. The companies overtook the lands where the “unquiet heroes who won greatness, liberty, and banners” had lived. This poem is a fight for the land of Latin America. It’s a very powerful poem because Neruda speaks for all of Latin America, even those who have passed away. Neruda ends the poem talking about the misuse of the Latin American people and how they are just thrown away after they are of no use. This poem expresses the love Neruda had for his country and region of the world and it really spoke out to me.

VII Leaning Into The Afternoons…:

VII Leaning Into The Afternoons… Leaning into the afternoons I cast my sad nets towards your oceanic eyes. There in the highest blaze my solitude lengthens and flames, its arms turning like a drowning man's. I send out red signals across your absent eyes that smell like the sea or the beach by a lighthouse. You keep only darkness, my distant female, from your regard sometimes the coast of dread emerges. Leaning into the afternoons I fling my sad nets to that sea that is thrashed by your oceanic eyes. The birds of night peck at the first stars that flash like my soul when I love you. The night gallops on its shadowy mare shedding blue tassels over the land Analysis In this poem a man is trying to reach out to a woman, the one he loves. I like how Neruda places the man and the woman. The man is in the ocean attempting to get the attention of the woman on the land. The woman however ignores the man and it makes the man dread ever loving the woman. This poem is deep on the fact that love can be dangerous.

XVII I Do Not Love You:

XVII I Do Not Love You I do not love you as if you were salt-rose, or topaz, or the arrow of carnations the fire shoots off. I love you as certain dark things are to be loved, in secret, between the shadow and the soul. I love you as the plant that never blooms but carries in itself the light of hidden flowers; thanks to your love a certain solid fragrance, risen from the earth, lives darkly in my body. I love you without knowing how, or when, or from where. I love you straightforwardly, without complexities or pride; so I love you because I know no other way than this: where I does not exist, nor you, so close that your hand on my chest is my hand, so close that your eyes close as I fall asleep Analysis In this poem Neruda writes that he loves a woman not for how she looks but for what she has inside of her. He loves the part of her that she does not show to the world and that nobody else sees. Neruda uses diction to express the love and emotion he feels and it touches the reader and allows them to understand how he felt.

Fable Of The Mermaid And The Drunks *:

Fable Of The Mermaid And The Drunks * All those men were there inside, when she came in totally naked. They had been drinking: they began to spit. Newly come from the river, she knew nothing. She was a mermaid who had lost her way. The insults flowed down her gleaming flesh. Obscenities drowned her golden breasts. Not knowing tears, she did not weep tears. Not knowing clothes, she did not have clothes. They blackened her with burnt corks and cigarette stubs, and rolled around laughing on the tavern floor. She did not speak because she had no speech. Her eyes were the colour of distant love, her twin arms were made of white topaz. Her lips moved, silent, in a coral light, and suddenly she went out by that door. Entering the river she was cleaned, shining like a white stone in the rain, and without looking back she swam again swam towards emptiness, swam towards death.  Analysis This poem is about an innocent female mermaid that left the ocean to view the human world. It symbolizes the way men are disgusting when they see a vulnerable woman who is clueless. The mermaid felt disgusted being in the tavern around the disgusting men and when she returned to the ocean she was cleansed. The mermaid also can symbolize as nature and the men as civilization and the way the men repel the woman because of how civilization treats nature. There is a large sense of unknowing the way the mermaid doesn’t think of needing clothes or not knowing how to cry. It exaggerates the fact that nature is so delicate and unaware and that society takes advantage of it and hurts it with pollution that it repels to try to cleanse itself.

Ode To A Beautiful Nude *:

Ode To A Beautiful Nude * With a chaste heart With pure eyes I celebrate your beauty Holding the leash of blood So that it might leap out and trace your outline Where you lie down in my Ode As in a land of forests or in surf In aromatic loam, or in sea music Beautiful nude Equally beautiful your feet Arched by primeval tap of wind or sound Your ears, small shells Of the splendid American sea Your breasts of level plentitude Fulfilled by living light Your flying eyelids of wheat Revealing or enclosing The two deep countries of your eyes The line your shoulders have divided into pale regions Loses itself and blends into the compact halves of an apple Continues separating your beauty down into two columns of Burnished gold Fine alabaster To sink into the two grapes of your feet Where your twin symmetrical tree burns again and rises Flowering fire Open chandelier A swelling fruit Over the pact of sea and earth From what materials Agate? Quartz? Wheat? Did your body come together? Swelling like baking bread to signal silvered hills The cleavage of one petal Sweet fruits of a deep velvet Until alone remained Astonished The fine and firm feminine form It is not only light that falls over the world spreading inside your body Yet suffocate itself So much is clarity Taking its leave of you As if you were on fire within The moon lives in the lining of your skin Analysis In this poem Neruda is giving a description of a nude woman. He fights his temptation of seeing her beautiful nude body and then uses a lot of imagery to describe her. I think this poem is great because it shows that he, a man, can hold himself back and actually intake the true beauty of woman. I believe that men lack this attribute to view the true beauty of woman and it has given a perspective of men as…

XX Tonight I Can Write *:

XX Tonight I Can Write * Tonight I can write the saddest lines. Write, for example, ‘The night is starry and the stars are blue and shiver in the distance.’ The night wind revolves in the sky and sings. Tonight I can write the saddest lines. I loved her, and sometimes she loved me too. Through nights like this one I held her in my arms. I kissed her again and again under the endless sky. She loved me, sometimes I loved her too. How could one not have loved her great still eyes. Tonight I can write the saddest lines. To think that I do not have her. To feel that I have lost her. To hear the immense night, still more immense without her. And the verse falls to the soul like dew to the pasture. What does it matter that my love could not keep her. The night is starry and she is not with me. This is all. In the distance someone is singing. In the distance. My soul is not satisfied that it has lost her. My sight tries to find her as though to bring her closer. My heart looks for her, and she is not with me. The same night whitening the same trees. We, of that time, are no longer the same. I no longer love her, that’s certain, but how I loved her. My voice tried to find the wind to touch her hearing. Another’s. She will be another’s. As she was before my kisses. Her voice, her bright body. Her infinite eyes. I no longer love her, that’s certain, but maybe I love her. Love is so short, forgetting is so long. Because through nights like this one I held her in my arms my soul is not satisfied that it has lost her. Though this be the last pain that she makes me suffer and these the last verses that I write for her. Analysis In this poem a man speaks out about a woman who he loved and lost. It makes the reader feel sorry for the man because he is missing apart of his soul and his heart. This poem was big to me because I believe everyone can relate to it. As a man or a woman it is difficult to forget about someone who was your lover and even if you want to forget them sometimes it is difficult to move on

Ode To The Sea:

Ode To The Sea HERE Surrounding the island There's sea. But what sea? It's always overflowing. Says yes, Then no, Then no again, And no, Says yes In blue In sea spray Raging, Says no And no again. It can't be still. It stammers My name is sea. It slaps the rocks And when they aren't convinced, Strokes them And soaks them And smothers them with kisses. With seven green tongues Of seven green dogs Or seven green tigers Or seven green seas, Beating its chest, Stammering its name, Oh Sea, This is your name. Oh comrade ocean, Don't waste time Or water Getting so upset Help us instead. We are meager fishermen, Men from the shore Who are hungry and cold And you're our foe. Don't beat so hard, Don't shout so loud, Open your green coffers, Place gifts of silver in our hands. Give us this day our daily fish. Analysis In this poem Neruda uses personification to make the sea seem as a form of high authority. The fisherman speak of how the sea is good to them but also bad to them at times and how they wish the sea would just give them what they desire and not be so “upset.” It is as if the sea is a human, or god, and as it looks towards fisherman, or humans, it is controversial in what it gives. I believe this poem depicts that the sea (God) is harsh on the hardworking fisherman when all they want is the essentials to live and it is made difficult to receive because of god.

Sources:

Sources Poet: Pablo Neruda - All Poems of Pablo Neruda. "Poet: Pablo Neruda - All Poems of Pablo Neruda." Poemhunter.com . N.p ., n.d. Web. 03 Apr. 2014. " Pablo Neruda - Biographical." Pablo Neruda - Biographical . N.p ., n.d. Web. 04 Apr. 2014. " Pablo Neruda." Poets.org . Academy of American Poets, n.d. Web. 02 Apr. 2014. Wikipedia . Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 04 Apr. 2014.

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