First World Countries

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FRANCE GERMANY ITALY JAPAN UNITED KINGDOM U S A CANADA RUSSIA

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Educational Profile FRANCE highly centralized and organized, with many subdivisions. It is divided into three stages of primary education, secondary education and higher education . In French higher education, the following degrees are recognized: Bachelors degree, and master and doctorate degrees. FRANCE

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School Year In Metropolitan France, the school year runs from early September to early July. Primary School Higher Education Middle School and High School

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Primary School Schooling in France is mandatory from age 6. Children stay in elementary school for 5 years until his 10-11 years old. maitre , feminine form maitresse (previously called instituteur , or feminine form institutrice ) BACK

* Colleges (middle school), which cater for the first four years of secondary educational from the ages of 11 to 15. *Lycees (Highschool), which provide a three-year course of further secondary education for children between the ages of 15 and 18. Pupils are prepared for the baccalaureat. :

* Colleges (middle school), which cater for the first four years of secondary educational from the ages of 11 to 15 . * Lycees ( Highschool ), which provide a three-year course of further secondary education for children between the ages of 15 and 18. Pupils are prepared for the baccalaureat . Middle School and High School After primary school, two educational stages follow: International Education As of January 2015, the Internationak Schools Consultancy (ISC) LISTED France as having 105 international schools. ISC defines an international school in the following terms: ISC includes an international school if the school delivers a curriculum to any combination of pre-school, primary or secondary students, wholly or partly in English outside an English-speaking country, or if a school in a country where English is ne of the official languages, offers an English-medium curriculum other than the country’s national curriculum and is international in its orientation. BACK

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Higher Education Higher education in France is organized in three levels or grades which correspond to those of other European countries, facilitating international mobility: the License and License Professionnelle (Bachelors Degree) and the master’s and doctoral degree. NEXT

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ECONOMY in France BACK France has the world’s 6 th largest economy by normal figures and the 10 th largest economy by PPP figures

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Educational Profile The educational system of Germany is underlying to continuous changes and reforms. Main point in the last years was the reorganization of the Gymnasium. The nine year education was changed in to an 8 year education to get the Abitur . Furthermore, the academic system had changed because of the Bologna reform. The degrees obtained are now called Bachelor and Masters. Compulsory School Attendance Germany has a compulsory school attendance law. This law requires school attendance, not just instruction, from age 6 until age 15. This helps explaining homeschooling is illegal in Germany. Educational Class System The Germans entire educational system is basically a three-class system that divides students into three different tracks: 1. Gymnasium 2. Realschure 3. Hauptschule By the age of 10 most pupils in Germany have been put on one of these three educational tracks. Although it is possible to switch tracks, this is not very common.

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Preschools in Germany The German preschool system varies from state to state, but in general, it works this way: * Kinderkrippe (literally, “crib” or “ cheche ”) for ages eight weeks to three years * Kita(short for kindertagessatatte ) ( childrens day care center) for ages 3-6 * Kindergarten for ages 3-6, halfday or full day kindergarten * Hort or Schulhort provides afterschool daycare for elementary school pupils. Elementary Schools in Germany After preschool, German pupils attend primary school ( Grundschule , “basic school”, grades 1-4) Compulsory attendance starts in September after a child has turned 6 All students attend elementary school from grade 1 to grade 4 in most states. Before beginning the 5thy grade, students and their parent must choose the type of secondary school they will attend, in other words, which educational track they will be on.

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After completing their primary education (at age 10 years of age), children attend one of five types of secondary schools in Germany. The five kinds of schools may vary from state to state in Germany. 1. Hauptschule (HOWPT-shoo- luh ) grades 5-9 or 5-10 * Generally considered the least demanding of the five types of secondary school, but it may be very appropriate for students who wish to enter the trades or go through an apprenticeship for certain types of industrial employment. * Prepare pupils for vocational education, and most of the pupils work part-time as apprenticeship. 2. Realschule (Ray-all-shoo- luh ) grades 5-10 * Most popular types of secondary schools in Germany, about 40 percent of German pupils attend this kind of school. * Maybe a step below Gymnasium, but it can be a very good school with academic standards that usually exceed those of a typical high school in the US * Students must study at least one foreign language(usually English or French) for a minimum f 5 years. 3. Mittelschure (MIT- tel -shoo- luh , grades 5-10) Only some german states have this type of intermediate school (grades 6-10) that combines the Hauptschule and Realschule tracks. Secondary Schools in Germany

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4. Gymnasium ( ghim -NAH-ZEE- uhm , grades 5-12 or 5-13) * An academic secondary school that prepares pupils for a university education * After grade 12 r grade 13, students earn a diploma called das Abitur by passing an oral and written examination. * Any student with an “ Abi ” diploma from a Gymnasium must be admitted to a German University, but there are no guarantees concerning the field study. Popular fields such as law and medicine are very competitive. Students often have to choose a second or third choice fir their major, or have to enroll in a move distant university than they might prefer. 5. Gesamtschule (gun-SAHMT-shoo- luh , grades 5-12 or 5-13) * Only some German states have this kind of school, which combines the three school types into a comprehensive school that is similar to an American high school. BACK

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* Largest national economy in Europe. * In 2016, Germany recorded the highest trade surplus in the world worth 310 billion dollars, making it the biggest capital exporter globally. * The top 10 exports of Germany are vehicles, machineries, chemical, goods, electronic equipments, basic metals, food produces, and rubber plastics. * Largest manufacturing economy in Europe. ECONOMY BACK

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COMPANIES 37 in the world’s 500 largest stock-market-listed companies measured by the revenue in 2010, the fortune global500 is based in Germany. These companies are included in the DAX (German stock market index). BACK

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CHALLENGES BACK Despite economic prosperity, Germany’s biggest threat for future economic development is the nations declining birthrate which is among the lowest in the world. This is prevalent in parts of society with higher education are responsible for low fertility rates.

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V EDUCATIONAL PROFILE SCUOLA PRIMARIA Primary School 6 years old - children start formal compulsory education with the Scuola Primaria also known as Scuola Elementare ( primary school ) SCUOLA MALIA Middle School Scuola Secondaria di Primo Grado ( first grade secondary school) - aged between 11 and 14 must attend - students must attend atleast thirty hours of formal lessons per week. SCUOLA SUPERIORE High School two types of High school : LICIO- like a british grammar school whichbis more academic in nature. INSTITUTO - which is essentially a vocational school . b

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V ECONOMY - 3RD largest econom y in the eurozone - 8th largest by nomin al GDP. BACK

JAPAN:

Japan has one of the most effective education system in the world, with zero literacy and 100% enrolment in compulsory grades (age 6-16). Nearly half of Japanese school children go on to university. There are TT8 universities in Japan, of which 80% are private. JAPAN

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The higher education system in Japan is well regarded and many of the country’s universities features in the top 30 of the QS World University Rankings. Japan has a number of world-leading Research Universities, particularly in the scientific and technological fields. JAPAN

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Attendance at school in Japan is compulsory from age 6 (Grade 1) to age 15-16 (Grade 9). Following primary school, students are enrolled in middle school until age of 15 or 16 when they can choose to continue into the upper secondary grades, necessary for gaining entry to universities. Primary and Secondary Education JAPAN

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Japan’s largest import are raw materials for production as well as oil to fall their machinery and vehicles Another major important is the foodstuffs that they import such as meat and wheat . Despite of its small size , Japan is a major economic power in the modern world , it currently has the 3rd largest economy in the entire world an trailing behind only. The USA and the peoples Republic of China . Economy

Economy:

- consumer electronic (television, MP3 players, DVD players) - automobile manufacturing - semiconductor manufacturing - optical fibers - optoelectronics - optical media - copy machines The main power behind Japans economy is its manufacturing industry. They are the world renown for being at the forefront in certain industries technologically : Economy

Economy:

Economy   Japan also exports a great deal things as well but by far its too largest export are automobiles and consumer electronic . Japan has one of the world largest economics and is able to do so with its mastery of manufacturing and investment infrastructure that is unparalleled and all signs point to continued success. BACK

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UNITED STATES EDUCATIONAL PROFILE Science - related fields for good employment but are the most popular in the US. - The share of tertiary educated 25-34 year olds in the US has always been higher than the OECO average, but the gap is closing. - In the US 88% of 15-19 years old are still enrolled in education ranging from 82% in Alaska to 92% in New Hamsphires .

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UNITED STATES ECONOMY -The United states ,with the world's larges and most diversifief economy, is still suffering throughout a protected period of slow growth that has held down jov creation and labor market participation. BACK

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Canada’s economic competitiveness has been sustained by the solid institutional foundations of an open-open-market system. The economy is open to global commerce and supported by a high degree of regulatory efficiency . The government’s policy focus has tilted toward income redistribution through adjustments in taxation and increased spending. ECONOMY

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89% of Canada's land area is owned by the state, 11% privately owned lands are well protected . Intellectual property rights meet world standards. Enforcement of contracts is secure , and expropriation is highly unusual . Canada has a reputation for clean government. It’s judicial system has an impeccable record of independence and transparency, and cases of corruption are prosecuted vigorously . RULE OF LAW

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- Top federal personal income tax rate has been raised 33%. - Top corporate tax rate is 15%. - Overall tax burden equals 30. 8% of total domestic income. - Government spending has amounted to 39.9 % of total output ( GDP) over the past 3 years. - Budget deficits have averaged 1.4 % of GDP. - Public dept is equivalent to 91.5% of GDP. Government Size

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Transparent regulatory framework facilitates commercial activity, allowing the process of business formation and operation to be efficient and dynamic. Relatively flexible labor regulations enhance employment growth. Regulatory Efficiency

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- 65 % of GDP = value of exports and imports . - Tariff rate is 0.8%. Open M arkets

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-divided into 3 levels; primary, secondary school and post secondary level. -schooling is compulsory from the age of 5 or 6 up to the age 16. System Structure EDUCATION SYSTEM Academic Y ear : no set of standards for the school year.

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Most preschool institutions are either government administered or regulated by the state. -Home daycare centers are also common. Pre-school and Childcare EDUCATION SYSTEM

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School education is provided by a public state schools, private and international schools. - Provincial administered tuition fee = $ 8000 to $ 14000. - Private school fees = $ 4000 per year . - Boarding schools = $ 40000 up per year. Primary and secondary education EDUCATION SYSTEM

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-Universities offer academic programmes and award degrees after successful completion of the course. -Colleges tend to be more vocational or practical in nature, awarding diplomas in a particular field . Higher Education: EDUCATION SYSTEM

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-Universities is much cheaper for students. -Tuition fees are payable depending on location, institution, type and course. Funding EDUCATION SYSTEM

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-Undergraduate degrees = 3 or 4 years. -Post graduate degrees = 1 or 2 years. -Doctoral degrees = 3 years. Courses EDUCATION SYSTEM

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University research is well funded in Canada, and the federal budget in early 2014 promised a further injection of money into the sector. -Major federal funding bodies include: > Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR). > the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC). > the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC). Research EDUCATION SYSTEM BACK

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ECONOMY > Russia Economic reforms in the 1990s privatized most industry w/ notable exceptions in the energy, transportation, banking and defense - related sectors. The protection of property rights is still weak, and the state continues to interfere in the free operation of the private sector. > Russia is one of the world's leading producers of oil and natural gas, and also a top exporter of metals such as steel and primary aluminum.

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Economy Growth *1998-2008 = 7% as oil prices rose rapidly. *2015 = GDP falling by close to 4 %. *2016 = 0.6%. Russia estimates that if oil prices remain below $40 per barrel in 2017 the resulting shock would cause GDP to fall by up to 5%.

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-Education in Russia is considered to be of a high standard. Compulsory for all children between the age of 6 to 15. On completion of primary school at age of 10, children continue to secondary school until age 15. EDUCATION SYSTEM SYSTEM STRUCTURE

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School year starts in September and is divided into 4 terms. Each terms ends w/ a holiday. *First week of November. *First to weeks of January. *Last week of March. *3 mos. in summer . >The school year finishes at the end of May. School day begins at 8:30 am to 4 pm. > University academic year begins in September and ends in May, w/ 2 semesters (Autumn and Spring ). EDUCATION SYSTEM Academic Year

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-from the age of 2 and a half. -number of free, municipal kindergartens. EDUCATION SYSTEM Pre-school

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-Primary education begin at age 6 and follow a core curriculum of Russia, mathematics, science , foreign languages, history, politics, arts and sport. On completion of upper-upper-secondary school which are divided into: *General secondary schools. *vocational/technical schools ( Technikum Kolledz Uchilishe ). EDUCATION SYSTEM Primary and Secondary Education

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-students completing the upper-secondary school (age 17/18) are awarded Attestat o Srednem ( Polnom ) Obshchem Obrazovanii (Certificate of Secondary Complete General Education, School Leaving Certificate). EDUCATION SYSTEM Primary and Secondary Education

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-650 public higher education institutions. -200 private universities. EDUCATION SYSTEM Higher Education

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- State higher education is free to Russian citizens with the exception of some courses. Foreign students are required to pay tuition fees which are relatively low- around £2500 to £5000 per year. -Russian Federation State Scholarships. EDUCATION SYSTEM Funding

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Two levels of higher education (Bologna Process in 2003) : Bachelors( Bakalavrs ) degrees - around 4 years. Masters( Magistrs ) degrees - 2 years.   -Doctoral Degree: 1. Kandidat Nauk - first level, equivalent to PhD. 2.Doktor Nauk degree - highest level. EDUCATION SYSTEM Courses

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Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR). EDUCATION SYSTEM Research

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