Zephaniah - The Glad God

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Part of our series on the Minor Prophets, this message deals with the prophet Zephaniah and tackles questions of God's wrath and anger....

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What Do You Know About Zephaniah?

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1) Which king was Zephaniah the great-great-grandson of? 5 Questions:

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2) What King was prophesied 300 years before he came to power? 5 Questions:

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3) What is “the day of the Lord?” 5 Questions:

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4) What do the complacent say of the Lord? 5 Questions:

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5) How does the Lord exult over His people? 5 Questions:

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“I will utterly sweep away everything from the face of the earth,” declares the LORD. “I will sweep away man and beast; I will sweep away the birds of the heavens and the fish of the sea, and the rubble with the wicked. I will cut off mankind from the face of the earth,” declares the LORD.(Zephaniah 1:2-3 ESV)

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The LORD your God is in your midst, a mighty one who will save; he will rejoice over you with gladness; he will quiet you by his love; he will exult over you with loud singing. (Zephaniah 3:17 ESV)

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What do you do with an angry God?

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Increased value = increased damage = increased anger / response

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It would be illogical and in congruent for God to value anything or anyone more than His own glory; and His wrath is only explained by the perfectly reasonable value He places on His own glory.

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1) Which king was Zephaniah the great-great-grandson of? 5 Questions: Hezekiah

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Who: Zephaniah - "Jehovah Hides Where: Judah, Southern Kingdom When: Josiah’s Reign (641-09) Who, Where, When?

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2) What King was prophesied 300 years before he came to power? 5 Questions: Josiah

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900 BC 850 BC 800 BC Divided Kingdom Assyrian Empire Kings of Israel Nadab (910-909) Baasha (909-886) Elah (886-885) Tibni (885-880) Ahab (874-853) Ahaziah (853-852) Joram (Jehoram) (852-841) Jehu (841-814) Jehoahaz (814-798) Kingdom divides (931) Jeroboam I (931-910) Kings of Judah Rehoboam I (931-913) Abijah (913-911) Asa (911-870) Jehoshaphat (873-848) Jehoram (Joram) (853-841) Ahaziah (841) Queen Athaliah (841-835) Joash (835-796) Elijah (c. 870-845) Elisha (c. 845-800) Samaria founded (879) Battle of Qarqar (853) Syria oppresses Israel Assyria forces Israel to pay tribute (841) King Mesha of Moab (830) Asshurnasirpal II (883-859) Shalmaneser III (858-824) Shamsi-Adad V (823-811) Adad-Nirari III (810-783) Shishak I (945-924) Zimri (885) Omri (885-874)

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“He also made temples on high places and appointed priests from among all the people, who were not of the Levites. And Jeroboam appointed a feast on the fifteenth day of the eighth month like the feast that was in Judah, and he offered sacrifices on the altar. So he did in Bethel, sacrificing to the calves that he made.

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And he placed in Bethel the priests of the high places that he had made. He went up to the altar that he had made in Bethel on the fifteenth day in the eighth month, in the month that he had devised from his own heart. And he instituted a feast for the people of Israel and went up to the altar to make offerings. (1 Kings 12:31-33 ESV)

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And behold, a man of God came out of Judah by the word of the LORD to Bethel. Jeroboam was standing by the altar to make offerings. And the man cried against the altar by the word of the LORD and said…

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“O altar, altar, thus says the LORD: ‘Behold, a son shall be born to the house of David, Josiah by name, and he shall sacrifice on you the priests of the high places who make offerings on you, and human bones shall be burned on you.’” (1 Kings 13:1-2 ESV) 300 years later, Josiah fulfills the prophecy!

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800 BC 750 BC 700 BC Divided Kingdom Assyrian Empire Kings of Israel Kings of Judah Jehoash (798-782) First recorded Olympic games (776) Jeroboam II (793-753) Menahem (752-742) Pekahiah (742-740) Pekah (752-732) Hoshea (732-722) Israel falls to the Assyrians (722) Amaziah (796-767) Uzziah (Azariah) (792-740) Jotham (750-732) Ahaz (735-716) Hezekiah (716-687) Amos (c. 765-754) Isaiah (c. 760-673) Hosea (c. 758-725) Micah (c. 738-698) Traditional date for the founding of Rome (753) Homer (c. 800-701) Adad-Nirari III (810-783) Shalmaneser IV (783-773) Ashurdan III (772-755) Ashur-Nirari V (754-745) Tiglath-Pileser (744-727) Shalmaneser I (726-722) Sargon II (722-705) Sennacherib (704-681) Zechariah (753) Shallum (752) Jonah (c. 781)

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700 BC 650 BC 600 BC Divided Kingdom Assyrian Empire Kings of Judah Hezekiah (716-687) Isaiah (c. 760-673) Nineveh, capital of Assyria, falls to the Babylonians and Medes (612) Manasseh (697-643) Amon (643-641) Josiah (641-609) Jehoahaz (609) Jehoiakim (609-598) First exile to Babylon (605) Jehoiachin (598-597) Zedekiah (597-586) Judah falls to the Babylonians (586 ) Jeremiah (c. 650-582) Zephaniah (c. 640-626) Habakkuk (c.608-598) Ezekiel (c. 620-570) Daniel (c. 620-540) Obadiah (c. 590) Gedaliah, governor of Judah (586) Assyria rules Egypt (671-652) Neo-Babylonian Empire Sennacherib (704-681) Esarhaddon (680-669) Asshurbanipal (668-627) Nabopolassar I (625-605) Nebuchadnezzar II (604-562) Nahum (c. 658-615)

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3) What is “the day of the Lord?” 5 Questions:

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4) What do the complacent say of the Lord? 5 Questions: Josiah the Reformer (2 Kings 22;23) Zephaniah makes no mention!

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Reforms usually become deformed when people’s hearts are not transformed.

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At that time I will search Jerusalem with lamps, and I will punish the men who are complacent, those who say in their hearts, ‘The LORD will not do good, nor will he do ill.’ (Zephaniah 1:12 ESV)

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Practical Atheism: “Saying I believe in God but living as if He doesn’t exist.”

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Transgression speaks to the wicked deep in his heart; there is no fear of God before his eyes. For he flatters himself in his own eyes that his iniquity cannot be found out and hated. (Psalm 36:1-2 ESV)

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5) How does the Lord exult over His people? 5 Questions:

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“The Lord your God is in your midst, a mighty one who will save; he will rejoice over you with gladness; he will quiet you by his love; he will exult over you with loud singing.” Zephaniah 3:17

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