Unit 6

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Unit 6: 

Unit 6 A Semi-Integrated World

Answer the following questions. : 

Answer the following questions. 1.     What do you usually do on the Internet? 2.     What benefits does the Internet bring to our lives? 3.     Can you see anything American around you? What do you think of these things?

Globalization: 

Globalization

Questions: 

Questions What benefits does globalization bring to China? What problems will globalization cause in China?

Slide5: 

1 “In the economic plane,” said The Economist, “the world has been organized into a single, all-embracing unit of activity.” Ah yes, globalization is a hot topic. Except that we said this in 1930. “Always ahead of its time,” the kindest readers say. “Always wrong in its judgments,” comes the muttering from less charitable quarters. But perhaps the truth lies elsewhere: globalization — the shrinking of distance and the in­crease in interplay and interdependence — has been a theme of the whole century, and longer. It is also far from complete.

Identify the key phrase of each sentence.: 

Identify the key phrase of each sentence. “In the economic plane,” said The Economist, “the world has been organized into a single, all-embracing unit of activity.” Ah yes, globalization is a hot topic. Except that we said this in 1930. “Always ahead of its time,” the kindest readers say. a single, all-embracing a hot topic Except 1930 ahead of its time

Identify the key phrase of each sentence.: 

“Always wrong in its judgments,” comes the muttering from less charitable quarters. But perhaps the truth lies elsewhere: globalization — the shrinking of distance and the increase in interplay and interdependence — has been a theme of the whole century, and longer. It is also far from complete. Identify the key phrase of each sentence. wrong a theme of the whole century far from complete

Classify the ideas in the paragraph and put them into different groups: : 

Classify the ideas in the paragraph and put them into different groups: a hot topic Except 1930 ahead of its time wrong a theme of the whole century far from complete

Classify the ideas in the paragraph and put them into different groups: : 

a hot topic Except 1930 ahead of its time wrong a theme of the whole century far from complete Classify the ideas in the paragraph and put them into different groups:

Write a sentence that includes all these ideas.: 

Write a sentence that includes all these ideas. Globalization, a seemingly hot topic today, has influenced us since long time ago, though its impact is still far from complete.

Slide11: 

2 On any dimension of integration you care to choose, globalization has been going on for a long time. Deep cultural interchange, and in particular today’s bete noire, American cultural imperialism? Charlie Chaplin, a British migrant, was a worldwide star in Hollywood movies in the 1920s. At that time, three-quarters of the films shown throughout the world were made in America. Baseball arrived in Japan in the 1890s (along with Spencer the balloon man, who caused a sensation).

Identify the key phrase of each sentence. : 

Identify the key phrase of each sentence. On any dimension of integration you care to choose, globalization has been going on for a long time. Deep cultural interchange, and in particular today’s bete noire, American cultural imperialism? Charlie Chaplin, a British migrant, was a worldwide star in Hollywood movies in the 1920s. At that time, three-quarters of the films shown throughout the world were made in America. Baseball arrived in Japan in the 1890s (along with Spencer the balloon man, who caused a sensation). a long time cultural interchange Hollywood movies three-quarters Baseball

Analyze the relationship between these ideas : 

Analyze the relationship between these ideas a long time cultural interchange Hollywood movies three-quarters Baseball

Analyze the relationship between these ideas : 

Analyze the relationship between these ideas a long time cultural interchange Hollywood movies three-quarters Baseball main idea examples

Write a one-sentence summary of the paragraph:: 

Write a one-sentence summary of the paragraph: Cultural globalization started long time ago.

Slide16: 

3 Electronic interdependence? That, wrote Marshall McLuhan, a Canadian academic, in 1962, “recreates the world in the image of a global village”. Working abroad? In the early 1900s, tens of thousands of Italians took seasonal farm jobs in Argentina each year. Trade, overseas investment and even e-commerce? John Maynard Keynes, writing in 1919 about Europe before the first world war, said that:

How many layers can the paragraph be put into?: 

How many layers can the paragraph be put into? Three Electronic interdependence? That, wrote Marshall McLuhan, a Canadian academic, in 1962, “recreates the world in the image of a global village”. Working abroad? In the early 1900s, tens of thousands of Italians took seasonal farm jobs in Argentina each year. Trade, overseas investment and even e-commerce? John Maynard Keynes, writing in 1919 about Europe before the first world war, said that:

The idea pattern of the paragraph:: 

The idea pattern of the paragraph: A present globalization? That globalization long time ago

Slide19: 

4 Keynes was, of course, writing only about the opportunities for an elite. But, even so, many of the most dramatic causes of global shrinkage were already in place. The electric telegraph had the biggest effect. By 1914, it took less than a minute to transmit a cable message from London to New York, and financial-market prices for the same liquid security or commodity on both sides of the Atlantic had become identical. Telephones made communication even easier, and steamships moved people and things around the globe.

What is the topic sentence of the paragraph?: 

What is the topic sentence of the paragraph? many of the most dramatic causes of global shrinkage were already in place. What evidences are mentioned supporting the main idea? telegraph telephones steamships

Slide21: 

5 So what has changed? The first thing to observe is that the degree of integration has ebbed and flowed during the century, according to the changing tides of politics. High trade barriers in the 1920s and 30s; immigration controls; bans on foreign investment in various countries; bans on cultural interchange: all these considerably reduced integration until the 1950s, when barriers between Western Europe, North America and Japan began to be lowered. But politics still kept much of the world separate, thanks to ideology and beliefs about self-sufficiency. It is the demise of those political barriers that has brought on this decade’s acceleration of global integration. The widespread decision, during the 1990s, to open markets, allow foreign investment, boost trade, and liberalise film and television sales, has been a political one. And like any such voluntary political choice, it is reversible.

What are the most important words that sum up the paragraph?: 

What are the most important words that sum up the paragraph? ebbed and flowed, tides of politics What happened from 1920s to 1950s? immigration controls bans on foreign investment bans on cultural interchange:

all-embracing : 

all-embracing an all-embracing definition of art all-embracing Program We are trying to develop an all-embracing policy which tackles every aspect of education.

Slide24: 

Ah yes, globalization is a hot topic. Except that we said this in 1930. “Always ahead of its time,” the kindest readers say. “Always wrong in its judgments,” comes the muttering from less charitable quarters.

Slide25: 

except: a negative word Nowadays people talk a lot about globalization, but it is not a current topic: we knew this long time ago. Kindest readers…less charitable quarters: kind, less kind quarter: (市镇的)区 the student quarter 学生区 a residential quarter 居住区 the French Quarter 法国人特区

On any dimension of integration you care to choose, globalization has been going on for a long time : 

On any dimension of integration you care to choose, globalization has been going on for a long time In whatever way you talk about integration, bete noire: a thing or person that one particularly dislikes Going to the opera is his personal bete niore because high-pictched sounds irritate him.

Spencer the balloon man : 

Spencer the balloon man

Charles Chaplin : 

Charles Chaplin Born in London in 1889. Actor, director and producer of many films Typical image: a tramp in baggy trousers and a bowler hat.

fit : 

fit a.   合适的;健康的;结实的 This food is not fit for your visitors. Do you feel fit? v. 适合 The trousers don't fit him; they are too small.

John Maynard Keynes : 

John Maynard Keynes 1883-1946 English economist, journalist, and financier Keynesian economics: He advocated a remedy for economic recession based on a government-sponsored policy of full employment.

militarism and imperialism : 

militarism and imperialism

Slide32: 

The projects and politics of militarism and imperialism, of racial and cultural rivalries appeared to exercise almost no influence at all on the ordinary course of social and economic life, the internationalisation of which was nearly complete in practice. The conflicts between nations at the time did not affect the process of globalization because the process was nearly complete.

liquid: 流动, 易变为现金的 : 

liquid: 流动, 易变为现金的 liquid assets 流动资产 Security 证券,债券 government security 公债 liquid security: stock

Integration (p5) : 

Integration (p5) the integration of races in the U.S. 美国各肤色种族的混合 The Irish Republican Army (IRA) Nationalist organization devoted to the integration  of Ireland as a complete and independent unit.

barrier : 

barrier obstacle blockage hindrance

thanks to (p5): 

thanks to (p5) Our lives are more comfortable and convenient and longer too, mainly thanks to progress in science and technology. Thanks to his efforts, the country has flourished since he became the premier. Thanks to a large gift from a donor, we were able to continue our work

Slide37: 

It is the demise of those political barriers that has brought on this decade’s acceleration of global integration. The widespread decision, during the 1990s, to open markets, allow foreign investment, boost trade, and liberalise film and television sales, has been a political one. And like any such voluntary political choice, it is reversible. Globalization increases because of the disappearance of political barriers. And more markets are open because of the disappearance of political barriers. However, it is possible to close markets.

GDP : 

GDP gross domestic product

accounts for : 

accounts for She was asked by her mother to account for all the money she had spent. These professors tried to account for the high rates of crime found in the broken-down inner-city areas. Can you account for your being absent last Friday?

accounts for : 

accounts for take into account on account of on (one's) own account

take into account : 

take into account As we get to know people, we take into account things like age, race, economic condition, social position, and intelligence. When we are learning a new language we have to take into account an understanding of the increasing interaction of different cultures in society.

on account of : 

on account of Because of; for the sake of: We got married on account of the baby. She's angry on account of what you said over lunch about her husband.

on (one's) own account: 

on (one's) own account for oneself 为了自身

Gordon E. Moore, : 

Gordon E. Moore, co-founder of the Intel

Moore’s law : 

Moore’s law

Sense: 

Sense That story has too many gaps in it to make sense. On the other hand, language is influenced and shaped by culture, it reflects culture in the broadest  sense. They seemed to have absolutely no  sense of moral principles. But when experience is used in the sense of "knowledge or skill, which comes from practice in an activity" it is an uncountable noun. We're looking for someone with a real sense of commitment to the job. You need a good  sense  of balance to ride a bicycle. Snap judgments, if taken seriously, have usually been considered signs of immaturity or lack of common sense 

diffuse (p8) : 

diffuse (p8) The Internet is becoming a powerful means of diffusing knowledge. The kitchen stove diffused its warmth all over the house.

P9 : 

P9 Make a chart to compare the diffusion of technology in car and computer.

P11. Sum up the different changes electrification and car brought respectively in a phrase. : 

P11. Sum up the different changes electrification and car brought respectively in a phrase. Electrification: Car: in all kinds of activity in a whole series of new products and services

P.12 What is network effect? : 

P.12 What is network effect? Some products become far more useful once a lot of other people are also using them. Do you have any specific example?

P. 13 The Internet is creating new needs and altering the way companies, in particular, keep in touch with their customers and suppliers : 

P. 13 The Internet is creating new needs and altering the way companies, in particular, keep in touch with their customers and suppliers Discuss about new needs and new ways New needs: New ways:

Ich bin ein Amerikaner: 

Ich bin ein Amerikaner German: I am an American. From Kennedy’s speech: Ich bin ein Berliner.

homogenize : 

homogenize homo-(same) –gen (kind) homogeneous 同种的,同类的 homosexual

chinos : 

chinos

P.15 buffet : 

P.15 buffet flowers buffeted by rain and wind 被风雨摧残的花朵 The ship buffeted her way through the waves. 这只船乘风破浪前进。 London was buffeted by storms last night. The stock market was buffeted by the scandal.

converge (p16) : 

converge (p16) The avenues converge  at a central square A lot of people converged on the town square to celebrate the victory. Their work converge on several important issues.

P. 17 make inroad into : 

P. 17 make inroad into make inroad into sb.'s life 干预某人的生活 make inroads(up) on sb.'s health 使某人的健康受到损害 These hospital expenses made inroads on my savings. 医院的这些费用严重消耗了我的积蓄。

P. 18 telling: 

P. 18 telling a telling speech 有力的演讲 with telling effect 有显著效验 History is the most telling witness. 历史是最有力的见证人。 There was a telling indication that the police who have to impose the new law were not immune to the general discontent. The guilt that a child suddenly feels after hurting a younger brother or sister, even when no one else knows about it, is a telling message or it is a message of meaning to us.

buffet telling inroads accelerate reversible humility open diffuse converge homogenize charitable dimension: 

buffet telling inroads accelerate reversible humility open diffuse converge homogenize charitable dimension 1.    Some critics said that the show was good in parts—those less __________ said the whole thing was a disaster. 2.    The government’s radical policies, together with international sanctions, __________ the unemployment rate in the country. 3.    It is a good idea to buy a __________ jacket because it can then be worn with either side out. charitable accelerated reversible

buffet telling inroads accelerate reversible humility open diffuse converge homogenize charitable dimension: 

buffet telling inroads accelerate reversible humility open diffuse converge homogenize charitable dimension 4.    A strong wind was required to ___________ the crop fertilizer throughout the valley. 5.    In the past few years, the little land-bound country has been ___________ mercilessly by financial crises. 6.    The most __________ argument for persuading people to wear seat belts is the number of lives they save. diffuse buffeted telling

buffet telling inroads accelerate reversible humility open diffuse converge homogenize charitable dimension: 

buffet telling inroads accelerate reversible humility open diffuse converge homogenize charitable dimension 7.    Computers are making significant __________ into areas which humans once felt were impossible to access. 8.    He might be rich and well known, but it wouldn’t hurt him to display a little __________. 9.    Whether this great project is a blessing or not still remains __________ to debate. inroads humility open

Slide62: 

10.    Rescue teams from all over the world __________ on the earthquake-stricken area after the news spread that the quake, which measured 7.9 on the Richter scale, had claimed a toll of 15,000 lives. 11.    The burning of a mosque, which killed five people yesterday, has added an extra __________ to the long standing tension in the area. 12.    Many doubt if the Internet, television, advanced communications or instant food will make our country a __________ society anytime soon. buffet telling inroads accelerate reversible humility open diffuse converge homogenize charitable dimension converged dimension homogenized

Translation : 

Translation 中国与西方国家的合作是互利的。中国经济的发展,不仅改善了本国人民的生活,也为世界经济的增长提供了新的动力,为发达国家提供了更多的商业机会。中国是一个潜力巨大的新兴市场,西方国家技术先进,资金雄厚,两者经济上具有很强的互补性。随着中国加入世贸组织,无论在经济上还是在文化上,中国与世界各国的交流一定会大大增强,经济全球化将给中华民族带来更灿烂的明天。

Translation : 

Translation The cooperation between China and the West is of mutual benefit. The economic development of China not only improves the life of Chinese people, but also gives a new impetus to the world economy and offers more opportunities for the developed countries in business. China and the West can complement each other quite well on the grounds that China is a potentially great market and the West has advanced technology and abundant funds. With China entering WTO soon, China will greatly increase communication, whether in economy or in culture, with the countries all over the world. Economic globalization will usher in a bright future for China.

Writing: 

Writing Writing an essay of about 200 words on the topic of globalization in China. Your writing may include the following ideas: 近代中国全球化   当代中国全球化 全球化带来的问题

Slide66: 

Outline 近代中国全球化 (failure) 鸦片战争(被迫)opium war 洋务运动(技术)westernization movement (of the late Qing Dynasty) 五四运动(政治)the May 4th Movement   当代中国全球化 (success) 经济 技术 意识   问题 环境 文化 贫富差别

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