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Analysis of Statistical Units Delineated by OECD Member Countries: 

Analysis of Statistical Units Delineated by OECD Member Countries Bongho Choi & Denis Ward 18th International Roundtable on Business Survey Frames Beijing, China October 17-22, 2004

Enterprises: 

Enterprises Group I (Legal Units = Enterprises): Austria, Czech Republic, Finland (developing a top-down model), France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Portugal, Slovak Republic. Group II (Delineation by Profiling): Bottom-up Approach: Belgium, Spain, Sweden Top-down approach: Denmark (but close to Group I), Netherlands, UK Unknown: Canada, US, Australia, Japan, NZ, Ireland, Norway, Poland, Switzerland Group III (Under development): Mexico, Korea, Turkey

Issues on Enterprises : 

Issues on Enterprises Data comparison problem between “Legal Units = Enterprises” vs. “Delineation by Profiling” The former is generally greater than the latter. How to treat the franchise form of doing business ? Enterprise or Establishment? Un-incorporated enterprises are excluded in some countries (Japan and Korea) More harmonization is needed in Enterprises by Size Classes and Business Demography. Size categories (including the upper limit) are different.

Enterprise Groups : 

Enterprise Groups Countries that delineate this unit: Canada (2,500 Corporate Families), Australia (8,000), NZ (n.a.), Denmark (n.a.), Finland (920), France (28,962), Ireland (200), Italy (19), Netherlands (90,000), Portugal (n.a.), Spain (21,654), Sweden (26,000), UK (100,000) Do you think that the numbers are comparable between countries? Countries where statistics are not available: Mexico, US, Japan, Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Luxembourg, Poland, Slovak Republic, Switzerland, Turkey.

Issues on Enterprise Groups : 

Issues on Enterprise Groups Terminology : corporate families in Canada, conglomerates (large & complex enterprises) in the US. Relationship between enterprise groups and complex enterprises is not clear. Number of enterprise groups is not comparable between countries: the method of delineation and the concept are different. Is it necessary to split the enterprise groups into the categories like the splitting of enterprises? Guideline to compile statistics on multi-national enterprise groups?

Local Unit (or Establishment) : 

Local Unit (or Establishment) Most of OECD Member Countries are observed to delineate this unit : 29 out of 30. Issues on Local Unit (or Establishment) Relationship is not clear. Terminology and Concept is not yet fully harmonized. Non-European Countries (Establishment) European Countries (Local Unit) Austria (Local Unit = Kind-of-activity Unit) Denmark (Local Unit = Establishment)

KAU and Local KAU : 

KAU and Local KAU About half of OECD Member Countries delineate this unit ‘KAU’. Methods of delineation KAU as an operational part of the enterprise. By profiling the enterprise. By aggregating local units. By aggregating local KAUs. Through a combination of various methods. In the case of Local KAU, only three countries are doing delineation: Denmark, Finland, Sweden.

Issues on KAU and Local KAU : 

Issues on KAU and Local KAU Not easy to understand the differences in methods. Concept is different between countries. Austria : KAU = Establishment. Finland : KAUs = secondary activities and/or branches, and local KAU = Establishments. Germany and Netherlands : KAUs = Enterprise Denmark and Germany : Local KAU = Local Unit Terminology Australia : Type of activity unit

Legal Unit : 

Legal Unit 24 countries contain legal units in their BR/BF.   Basic source for legal units : VAT registers and other relevant administrative

Concluding Remarks : 

Concluding Remarks There are many cases in borderlines between Enterprises and Local units(Establishments) Enterprises groups and Complex enterprises KAUs and Enterprises Local KAUs and Local units(Establishments) Need for further studies on enterprises from the following perspective:  Ownership (autonomous, partner, linked) Diversity (single, vertically integrated, linked, un-related) Size (micro, small, medium, large) Legal form (sole proprietorships, etc.) Need for further studies on application of statistical units to short-term and structural business statistics.

Application of Statistical Units : 

Application of Statistical Units For short-term Statistics (EU Council Regulation) KAU for production, turnover, number of persons employed, etc. Enterprise for retail trade and repair sector. For Structural Business Statistics (EU Council Regulation) Enterprise for yearly business statistics. Local unit (or Local KAU) for regional statistics. KAU for turnover, number of persons employed in industrial sector. In reality, it is not easy to follow the guidelines.

Status of Statistical Units delineated in Business Registers/Frames by OECD Member Countries: 

Status of Statistical Units delineated in Business Registers/Frames by OECD Member Countries

Number of statistical units by OECD member countries, where data are available : 

Number of statistical units by OECD member countries, where data are available

Enterprises by size groups of persons employed/employees by OECD Member Countries : 

Enterprises by size groups of persons employed/employees by OECD Member Countries

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