Rogers The Role of the Primary Care Provider Team

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The Role of the Primary Care Provider Team in Childhood Obesity : 

The Role of the Primary Care Provider Team in Childhood Obesity Victoria W. Rogers, MD The Barbara Bush Children’s Hospital at Maine Medical Center Portland, Maine Spring 2007


I have no relevant financial relationships with the manufacturers(s) of any commercial products(s) and/or provider of commercial services discussed in this CME activity. I do not intend to discuss an unapproved/investigative use of a commercial product/device in my presentation.

So, whose job is it anyway……: 

So, whose job is it anyway…… From a parent – “My whole family is big boned, the kids are just the same way.” “You don’t understand how hard it is; I try to put the right things on the table.” From a Primary Care Clinician – “This isn’t my problem, it’s the patient and family’s choice on how they eat and what they do.” “I don’t know what to do – except order tests.” “I’m not a social worker – I don’t have the time (nor knowledge) on how to talk to patients about behavior change”

So, whose job is this anyway…: 

So, whose job is this anyway… From a School – “Our role is to teach, we don’t have the time nor the resources to do get kids up an moving more, the school lunch program is fine. We make money off the bake sales and vending machines so, don’t touch them etc. …..” From the Local Rec Department – “How are we involved????” From City Hall - “What role to we have? – Isn’t this a personal issue?”

So, whose job is this anyway…: 

So, whose job is this anyway… We all have a role to play. And it needs to be a coordinated role.

IOM September 2006 Report : 

IOM September 2006 Report Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: How Do We Measure Up? Institute of Medicine September 2006 Addressing the childhood obesity epidemic is a collective responsibility involving multiple stakeholders and different sectors—including:

Primary Care Provider’s Role Advocacy: 

Primary Care Provider’s Role Advocacy Patient Helping with Transportation to the local YMCA Local Presenting at School Board meeting State Testifying for State Legislation on school or childcare policies Involvement in State AAP National Work with national Organizations – AAP, AAFP, ADA, etc.

Primary Care Provider’s Role Prevention: 

Primary Care Provider’s Role Prevention Breastfeeding Promotion Pregnancy and Postnatal weight gain counseling Healthy Lifestyle Behavior Screening - Fruits and Vegetables, Screen Time, Physical Activity, Sugar Sweetened Beverages (5-2-1-0 Survey)

Primary Care Provider’s Role Assessment: 

Primary Care Provider’s Role Assessment Weight for Length – birth to 23 months BMI - age 2 years and up Screening for co-morbidities Use of terminology for our charts Overweight Obesity Use of terminology when we talk to patients and families “Excess weight” “Weight growing faster than height” Quickly shifting the conversation to lifestyle behaviors

Primary Care Provider’s Role Treatment: 

Primary Care Provider’s Role Treatment Family Center Care Individual Group Setting Behavior Change Counseling – Motivational Interviewing, Brief Focused Negotiation Medical Therapies Surgery

Cultural Competencies : 

Cultural Competencies What cultures exist in your practice, in your community? Who are the leaders, decision makers in these cultures? Do your messages make sense to your patients?

Team Approach is Critical : 

Team Approach is Critical Healthcare Providers Nurses Medical Assistants Office Staff Support Community Partners

Community Linkages: 

Community Linkages Start were you are in your community Local gym School - PTO, School Board, Parent Faith Based Organization Community Sports team What’s going on at the local level? What’s going on at the state level?

Maine Youth Overweight Collaborative (MYOC): 

Maine Youth Overweight Collaborative (MYOC) 12 Practices in Maine using Learning Collaborative model to improve care The Care Model as a framework Broke the Complexities of Childhood Obesity up into smaller, discrete components Success in: Improvement in Care delivered in Patients and Families Improvement Knowledge, Attitudes, and Beliefs of PCPs Improvement in Patient changes Improvement in Linkages to Communities

Our Goals: 

Our Goals Engage practices, not just providers, to: Classify & track BMI%’ile for age/gender at all annual well child visits for patients age 5—18 (BMI as a vital sign) Promote healthy eating, nutritional education & increased physical activity using our 5-2-1-0 toolkit Appropriate medical evaluation & goal setting

Our Goals: 

Our Goals Engage practices, not just providers, to: Choose and/or tailor interventions appropriate to patient’s age & readiness to change Use motivational interviewing with brief negotiation and brief focused advice ASK—Don’t Tell Consider sub-specialist referrals when co-morbidities persist


5 or more fruits or vegetables per day 2 hours or less of total “screen time” 1 hour or more of physical activity daily 0—Limit soda & sugared drinks


Informed, Activated Patient Productive Interactions Prepared, Proactive Practice Team Improved Outcomes Delivery System Design Decision Support Clinical Information Systems Self- Management Support Health System Resources and Policies Community Health Care Organization Planned Care Model

MYOC “Key Changes” Self-management Support: 

MYOC “Key Changes” Self-management Support Self-management support: Recognize patient & family is at center of team, and support the patient’s ability to manage their disease! Deliver consistent, focused message about healthy lifestyles (5-2-1-0) Assess readiness to change & self-efficacy, and provide advice for behavior change consistent with patient / family’s readiness to change Use collaborative approach to setting goals Promote self-management skills “Non-compliant”

Goal Setting: 

Goal Setting

MYOC “Key Changes” Office System Redesign: 

MYOC “Key Changes” Office System Redesign Office system redesign: Use your team to deliver planned care for overweight! Identify expectations and explore opportunities to enhance team functioning & communication Provide care through planned care visits for follow up of overweight Consider alternative models of care (e.g. group visits, telephone follow up calls, brief stop at office)

Office Flow: 

Office Flow

MYOC “Key Changes” Clinical Decision Support: 

MYOC “Key Changes” Clinical Decision Support Clinical decision support: Find ways to translate guidelines into practice! Use Medical Assessment of Overweight Patient algorithm to consistently evaluate appropriate patients Use available clinical tools (algorithms/flipchart) and incorporate them into routine care Incorporate specialty expertise routinely into care See patients at recommended intervals for routine follow up


Guidelines for Prevention & Management of Overweight Youth

MYOC “Key Changes” Clinical Information Systems: 

MYOC “Key Changes” Clinical Information Systems Clinical information systems: Use data to manage not just patients, but also populations! Identify population of patients overweight / at-risk for overweight and track outcomes data on BMI & key clinical metrics Use registry to identify patients who would benefit from proactive care (e.g. specific follow up, referral, labs) Identify patients with BMI%’ile for age /gender >95 and create specific plan to support behavior change (e.g. referral to nutritionist, medical specialist, mental health providers etc.)

An Example of a registry: 

An Example of a registry

MYOC “Key Changes” Healthcare System Support: 

MYOC “Key Changes” Healthcare System Support Healthcare system support: Provide leadership with health system leaders, including payers Contacted major payers in Maine – confirmed claims payment for PCP and specialist OV’s, follow up visits, & lab services using dx code for obesity (ICD 278) Identified potential barriers with some out-of-state Identified and educated providers on alternative codes for obesity co-morbidities Advocated for standard quality measures (NCQA/HEDIS) for dx, management of obesity

MYOC “Key Changes” Link to the Community : 

MYOC “Key Changes” Link to the Community Community: Practices can’t do it alone - identify resources in your community, and use them! Identify & connect with local HMP and become familiar with local resources in your community Explore available community resources that promote physical activity and or healthy eating and actively refer patients for participation (UMCOE Eat Well for Less) Connect with the local school (nurse, CSHP, PTO, School Board) to address issues of physical activity and / or healthy eating in the school.



5-2-1-0 Survey: 

5-2-1-0 Survey

Goal Setting: 

Goal Setting

BMI %’ile for age / gender: 

BMI %’ile for age / gender Check out the SonneWheel—Children’s Hospital Boston

Provider Flipchart: 

Provider Flipchart Includes: Clinical Guidelines Prevention Medical Evaluation Lifestyle Advice Ref. Charts Co-Morbidity BP BMI


Guidelines for Prevention & Management of Overweight Youth

Office Flow: 

Office Flow

MYOC Toolkit: 

MYOC Toolkit

Thank You: 

Thank You Questions Tory Rogers The Barbara Bush Children’s Hospital at Maine Medical Center 22 Bramhall Street Portland, ME (207) 662-4982

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