Mutualism and Commensalism

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Mutualism and Commensalism:

Mutualism and Commensalism

What are the different kinds of symbiosis?:

What are the different kinds of symbiosis? Parasitism Mutualism Commensalism both organisms benefit one organism benefits one organism benefits one organism is unaffected one organism is harmed

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Mutualism Organism One Organism Two Both species benefit from the interaction.

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Commensalism Organism One Organism Two Commensalism is a relationship between two living organisms where one benefits and the other is neither harmed nor helped.

Anemone & Anemone Fish:

Anemone & Anemone Fish mutualism This fish lives its entire adult life among the tentacles of a bulb- tentacle sea anemone. Anemone fish do not get stung by the anemone as would most other fish so they get protection from predators. The fish often d rop food scraps which the anem ones can eat. What symbiotic relationship is this?

Boxer Crab & Anemones:

Boxer Crab & Anemones This Boxer Crab carries a pair of stinging anemones in its claws, which it uses to defend itself from predators. The anemones get to move around which increases their food supply . mutualism What symbiotic relationship is this?

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The remora attaches itself to the shark and saves energy since it doesn’t have to swim, and it gets to snack on the sharks kills. The shark doesn’t get anything . Shark & Remora commensalism What symbiotic relationship is this?

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This tiny emperor shrimp is riding along on the back of a sea cucumber (a long worm-like starfish relative) while it crawls along a sandy bottom. The shrimp gets to travel around under the protection of its much larger partner, and the sea cucumber doesn't seem to mind . Emperor Shrimp & Sea Cucumber commensalism What symbiotic relationship is this?

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Moray Eel & Cleaner Fish This moray eel has a small fish cleaning between its teeth. The eel gets a clean mouth while the cleaner fish gets a nice meal. What symbiotic relationship is this? mutualism

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Cattle & Cattle Egrets As these cattle walk around eating grass they stir up lots of insects. The egrets hang around and get a yummy meal of insects. What symbiotic relationship is this? commensalism

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Clown Fish & Anemone This clown fish swims in the anemone and gets protection, since its predators will get stung. The anemone is unaffected. What symbiotic relationship is this? commensalism

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Antelope & Ox Bird This ox bird hangs out on the antelope and gets a delicious meal of bugs living on the antelope. The antelope gets rid of parasites. What symbiotic relationship is this? mutualism

Goby and Alpheid Shrimp:

Goby and Alpheid Shrimp What symbiotic relationship is this? mutualism This alpheid shrimp (on the right) uses its strong claws like a bulldozer to create a burrow in the sand. The shrimp is nearly blind. It relies upon its partner, the sharp-eyed goby, to warn of danger. When a potential predator approaches, both animals disappear quickly into the burrow

Wrasse & Batfish:

Wrasse & Batfish Can you see the two cleaner wrasses are removing parasites from a batfish? One of the wrasses has entered the gill slit of the batfish, and may even enter its mouth in search of food. The batfish gets a bath and the wrasse gets a meal. What symbiotic relationship is this? mutualism

Hummingbird Moth & Flower:

Hummingbird Moth & Flower This hummingbird moth is drinking the nectar of a flower. The flower gets pollinated (the moth brings pollen from other flowers) and the moth gets a tasty meal. What symbiotic relationship is this? mutualism

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