Basic Grammar of Film_for the web

Views:
 
Category: Education
     
 

Presentation Description

This presentation illustrates basic shot scales and camera angles

Comments

Presentation Transcript

PowerPoint Presentation:

A BASIC GRAMMAR OF FILM

PowerPoint Presentation:

SEQUENCE Forms a distinct narrative unit Unity of action / Unity of purpose

PowerPoint Presentation:

SCENE Describes an action that takes place in a single location and continuous time Screen time = diegetic time

PowerPoint Presentation:

SHOT A single continuous recording made by the camera

PowerPoint Presentation:

FRAME A single still image

PowerPoint Presentation:

TYPES OF SHOTS

PowerPoint Presentation:

Shot scale (or camera distance)

PowerPoint Presentation:

Extreme Long shot (XLS) Gone With the Wind, Victor Fleming, MGM, 1939 .

PowerPoint Presentation:

Long shot (LS) From Roman Holidays , William Wyler , Paramount Pictures, 1953.

Medium long shot (MLS) / three-quarter shot:

Medium long shot (MLS) / three -quarter shot

Medium shot (MS):

Medium shot (MS) The Social Network , David Fincher , Sony Pictures , 2010

PowerPoint Presentation:

Medium close-up (MCU) Casablanca , Michael Curtiz , Warner Bros, 1942

PowerPoint Presentation:

Two - shot One subject in MCU in the foreground + One subject in MS in the background

Close-up (CU):

Close-up (CU) The Long Goodbye , Robert Altman, Lion’s Gate Films, 1973

PowerPoint Presentation:

Extreme close-up (XCU) Citizen Kane , Orson Welles, 1941, RKO P ictures

PowerPoint Presentation:

Insert / Cut -in Covers action already covered in the master shot but emhasizes a different aspect of that action

PowerPoint Presentation:

2. Depth of field , camera angle, and camera movements

PowerPoint Presentation:

DEPTH OF FIELD Distance between the nearest and farthest objects that appear sharp in a shot Long depth of field Citizen Kane

PowerPoint Presentation:

Short depth of field From The Silence of the Lambs , Jonathan Demme , Orion Pictures Corporation, 1991

PowerPoint Presentation:

CAMERA ANGLES Guide the audience’s judgement about the objects and characters in a shot

PowerPoint Presentation:

Bird’s eye view The Birds , Alfred Hitchcock, Universal, 1963.

PowerPoint Presentation:

High-angle shot The Shadow of a Doubt , Alfred Hitchcock, 1943.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Eye- level shot Cleopatra , Joseph L. Mankiewicz, 1963, Twentieth Century Fox

PowerPoint Presentation:

Low -angle shot Citizen Kane

Canted /oblique / Dutch angle:

Canted /oblique / Dutch angle Pickup on South Street , Samuel Fuller, 20 th Century Fox,1953.

PowerPoint Presentation:

CAMERA MOVEMENTS Give their specificity to cinematic images

PowerPoint Presentation:

DOLLY SHOTS/TRACKING SHOTS Camera moves forward = tracking in Camera moves backward = tracking out Camera moves sideways

PowerPoint Presentation:

PANNING/PAN SHOT Scans a scene horizontally W hen scans a scene vertically : called « tilt »

PowerPoint Presentation:

HAND-HELD SHOTS Since 1970’s : smooth thanks to the Steadicam Denote a certain kind of realism Audience feeling part of the scene

PowerPoint Presentation:

3. Editing The art of combining shots into a coherent whole

PowerPoint Presentation:

LONG TAKE/SINGLE SHOT/SEQUENCE SHOT Describes a whole scene ( even a whole sequence ) without any cut The Rope , Alfred Hitchcock, 1948, Warner Bros.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Long shot example : the opening scene of Touch of Evil by O. Welles

PowerPoint Presentation:

CUT Abrupt change of shot from one viewpoint or location to another Changes scene , compresses time, varies point of view

PowerPoint Presentation:

MATCHED CUT Establishes logical relationship between shots JUMP CUT ( When two shots don’t match)

PowerPoint Presentation:

FADE AND DISSOLVE Gradual transition between shots Fade-in / Fade-out Dissolve = one shot merging into another

PowerPoint Presentation:

MATCH ON ACTION

PowerPoint Presentation:

EYE-LINE MATCH

PowerPoint Presentation:

SHOT / REVERSE SHOT Deemphasizes transitions beween shots Very commonly used in dialogues

PowerPoint Presentation:

CROSS-CUTTING Describes actions occurring at the same time in two different locations Expresses simultaneity / Creates suspense / Suggests parallels , contrasts , dichotomies…

PowerPoint Presentation:

3 TYPES OF RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN SHOTS Time relationships Spatial relationships Thematic relationships 2 BASIC FUNCTIONS Ensures continuity Organizes seperate units into discourse Creates rhythm

PowerPoint Presentation:

THE KULESHOV EXPERIMENT Editing changes the viewer’s interpretation of the whole scene

authorStream Live Help