Poetic Devices: Poetic Devices 2d3 - Sound devices (e.g., rhyme, rhythm, alliteration, onomatopoeia, assonance) RSL 3,4,5,6,9,10 RSIT 3,4,6,10 WS 9 LSLSTS 6,10 WCA 9,10 : 2d3 - Sound devices (e.g., rhyme, rhythm, alliteration, onomatopoeia, assonance) RSL 3,4,5,6,9,10 RSIT 3,4,6,10 WS 9 LSLSTS 6,10 WCA 9,10 Objectives Alliteration (Sound): Alliteration (Sound) The repetition of initial consonant sounds , in two or more neighboring words or syllables. The wild and wooly walrus waits and wonders when we will walk by. How much wood would a woodchuck chuck if a woodchuck could chuck wood? (almost ALL tongue twisters!) Assonance (Sound): Assonance (Sound) The repetition of vowel sounds in a series of words. The f a t c a t was wearing a miniature h a t a s he lay down on the m a t. M i ke r i des his b i ke to the store for a bag of r i ce. Consonance: Consonance When consonants repeat in the middle or end of words. Vowels: a , e , i , o , u , and sometimes y . Consonants: all other letters. Examples Ma mm els na m ed Sa m are cla mm y. Cur s e, ble ss me now! With fie rce tea rs I prey. Rhyme (Sound): Rhyme (Sound) The repetition of ending sounds in words. What l uck Ch uck had that he didn’t wreck his tr uck . Th ad was a very s ad l ad . Rhythm: Rhythm When words are arranged in such a way that they make a pattern or beat. Example There once was a girl from Chicago Who dyed her hair pink in the bathtub Hint: hum the words instead of saying them. Onomatopoeia (Sound): Onomatopoeia (Sound) The use of words which imitate sound. Crack , pop , buzz , fizzle When writing, italicize onomatopoeias when you want them to represent the sound. Honk ! Beep ! Jan placed her hands over her ears while her mother drove through the traffic, so she wouldn’t have to listen to the harsh sounds of car horns. Simile (Figurative Language): Simile (Figurative Language) A comparison between two objects using "like", "as", or "than”. Todd was like a bull in a china shop. Amy was as quite as a mouse. Dennis is quicker than a cheetah. Can you write a simile about yourself? Metaphor (Figurative Language): Metaphor (Figurative Language) A comparison between two dissimilar objects. Usually the words “is”, “are”, or “was” are used. The track coach complained that Tara was a turtle and shouldn’t be on the team. “You are no Van Gogh,” my art teacher said to me. Personification (Figurative Language): Personification (Figurative Language) Giving inanimate or non-living objects human characteristics. The trees danced in the wind. The wind spoke to me and told me that rain was on the way. Idiom (Figurative Language): Idiom (Figurative Language) An expression that is particular to a group of people or culture. Idioms are NOT literal. It’s raining cats and dogs. Why the long face? Break a leg. Can you name another idiom? Hyperbole (Figurative Language): Hyperbole (Figurative Language) A hyperbole is an exaggeration or overstatement. It is often meant to be humorous. I caught a fish that was as big as me! He inhaled the sandwich. FYI: “Yo Mama” jokes are hyperboles! Understatement (Figurative Language): Understatement (Figurative Language) Downplaying a situation. Understatement is the opposite of hyperbole. Jan reassured her mother that the gaping wound on her leg was just a scratch. Oxymoron: Oxymoron A figure of speech that combines two words with opposite meanings. Even the word oxymoron is an oxymoron: oxy is Greek for “sharp” and moron is Greek for “dull”. cold sweat, good grief / Imagery: Imagery Eliciting images in the reader’s mind through sensory and concrete details. The young freckled boy creeps through the freshly mown yard with his sleek, black Colt BB gun in hopes of shooting the plump blue jay sitting on the log fence. Repetition: Repetition The technique of repeating important lines, words, or phrases of a poem for effect. It is similar to a refrain in a song. Structure: Structure Line: similar to a sentence in poetry. Stanza: a group of lines separated from other lines by breaks in the poem. Similar to a paragraph. Meter: Using a set number of syllables in each line.