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Premium member Presentation Transcript Analyzing Sentence Structure: Analyzing Sentence Structure4c1 - Analyze the structure of sentences (simple sentences, Compound, Compound-Complex) LS3 WS2 : 4c1 - Analyze the structure of sentences ( simple sentences, Compound, Compound-Complex ) LS3 WS2Adding Variety to Sentence Structure: Adding Variety to Sentence Structure To make your writing more interesting, you should try to vary your sentences in terms of length and structure . You can make some of your sentences long and others short . Read the two paragraphs on the next page.Two Paragraphs: Two Paragraphs Read the paragraphs below. Choose the paragraph that is more effective . I love living in the city. I have a wonderful view of the entire city. I have an apartment. I can see the Golden Gate Bridge. I can see many cargo ships pass under the bridge each day. I like the restaurants in San Francisco. I can find wonderful food from just about every country. I don’t like the traffic in the city. I love living in the city of San Francisco . I have a wonderful view of the entire city from my apartment window. In addition, I can see the Golden Gate Bridge under which many cargo ships pass each day. I also like San Francisco because I can find wonderful restaurants with food from just about every country ; however, I don’t like the traffic in the city.How do you vary sentence structure?: How do you vary sentence structure? You will want to use a variety of sentence structures in your writing . There are four types of sentences we will study in this lesson: - Simple - Compound - Complex Compound ComplexIndependent Clauses: Independent Clauses An independent clause (or main clause) can stand alone as a complete sentence. A clause has a complete subject and predicate. Proper nutrition helps stabilize your moods. Stress is emotional tension caused by everyday events in our lives.Dependent Clause : Dependent Clause A dependent clause (or subordinate clause) also contains a subject and a predicate; however, a dependent clause is not a complete sentence and cannot stand alone . A dependent clause requires an independent clause to make sense . A dependent clause may appear before or after an independent clause.Dependent Examples: Dependent Examples Before Vivian leaves work for the day, she organizes her desk. Judi recommends exercising after a stressful day .Simple Sentence : Simple Sentence A simple sentence consists of one complete subject and one complete predicate . The subject, the predicate, or both may be compound. Audrey had a demanding day at work. Audrey and Bruce work in the same office.PowerPoint Presentation: A simple sentence has one independent clause (one subject and a verb): I live in San Francisco. Subject VerbCompound Sentence : Compound Sentence A compound sentence consists of two simple independent clauses connected by a conjunction such as or, and, nor, or but . Audrey had a demanding day at work, but she is looking forward to having dinner with friends. Anger is meant to intimidate other people, and this often appears to be true.PowerPoint Presentation: She works in the city, but she lives in the suburbs. Independent Clause Independent Clause A compound sentence contains two independent clauses that are joined together.You can make a compound sentence by joining two logically related independent clauses by using…: - a semicolon - a coordinating conjunction - a transition You can make a compound sentence by joining two logically related independent clauses by using…Using a Semicolon: Using a Semicolon Independent Clause ; Independent Clause I love living in the city ; there are so many things to do. Independent Clause Independent ClauseUsing a Coordinating Conjunction: Using a Coordinating Conjunction Independent Clause , coordinating conjunction Independent Clause He couldn’t watch the show , so he decided to tape it. Independent Clause Independent ClauseCoordinating Conjunctions: Coordinating Conjunctions Logical Relationship Coordinating Conjunction Addition And Contrast But, yet Choice Or, nor Cause For Result SoFANBOYS: FANBOYS For F And A Nor N But B Or O Yet Y So S Another way to remember these is…CAUTION!: CAUTION! Do NOT use a comma every time you use the words and, or, but, nor, for, so, yet . Use a comma only when the coordinating conjunction joins two independent clauses. Independent Clause No comma- not an independent clause The necklace was beautiful but expensive. Simple SentenceUsing a Transition: Using a Transition Independent Clause ; transition , Independent Clause I love San Francisco ; however, I hate the traffic. Independent Clause Independent ClauseComplex Sentence : Complex Sentence A complex sentence contains an independent clause and one or more dependent clauses . If you have been a victim in the downsizing of a company, you have experienced stress.Complex Sentences: John cannot set up his typewriter because the wall has no outlet. Complex Sentences A complex sentence contains at least one independent clause and one dependent clause. Independent Clause Dependent Clause Subordinating ConjunctionExample- Complex Sentence: Example- Complex Sentence A complex sentence contains at least one independent clause and one dependent clause. She will go to school in the city until she finds a job. Independent Clause Dependent Clause Subordinating ConjunctionComplex Sentences: When I first moved to the city, I was afraid to drive the steep and narrow streets. Complex Sentences Use a comma after a dependent clause if it begins the sentence. Subordinating Conjunction Independent Clause Use a comma if the dependent clause is the first part of the sentence.Compound-Complex Sentence : Compound-Complex Sentence A compound-complex sentence contains more than one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses . Relaxation techniques help reverse coronary disease ; however, since this beneficial health information is not widely publicized , not all doctors know about this philosophy of health care.PowerPoint Presentation: This sentence reads more smoothly because it has more sentence structure variety. I love living in the city of San Francisco. I have a wonderful view of the entire city from my apartment window. In addition, I can see the Golden Gate Bridge under which many cargo ships pass each day. I also like San Francisco because I can find wonderful restaurants with food from just about every country; however, I don’t like the traffic in the city. Simple Sentences Compound/Complex Sentence Complex SentencePowerPoint Presentation: These sentences do not read as smoothly because there is no sentence variety. Simple Sentences I love living in the city. I have a wonderful view of the entire city. I have an apartment. I can see the Golden Gate Bridge. I can see many cargo ships pass under the bridge each day. I like the restaurants in San Francisco. I can find wonderful food from just about every country. I don’t like the traffic in the city.PowerPoint Presentation: Relationship Transition Addition Moreover Furthermore In addition besides Reinforcement/Emphasis Indeed In fact Contrast However On the contrary In contrast On the other hand Result or Effect Consequently Accordingly Thus Hence Therefore As a resultPowerPoint Presentation: Reinforcement/Emphasis Indeed In fact Exemplification For example For instance In particular Exemplification For example For instance In particular Time Meanwhile (at the same time) Subsequently (after) Thereafter (after) Relationship Transition You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.