Sentence Structure Powerpoint (MS Standard 4c1)

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Analyzing Sentence Structure:

Analyzing Sentence Structure

4c1 - Analyze the structure of sentences (simple sentences, Compound, Compound-Complex) LS3 WS2 :

4c1 - Analyze the structure of sentences ( simple sentences, Compound, Compound-Complex ) LS3 WS2

Adding Variety to Sentence Structure:

Adding Variety to Sentence Structure To make your writing more interesting, you should try to vary your sentences in terms of length and structure . You can make some of your sentences long and others short . Read the two paragraphs on the next page.

Two Paragraphs:

Two Paragraphs Read the paragraphs below. Choose the paragraph that is more effective . I love living in the city. I have a wonderful view of the entire city. I have an apartment. I can see the Golden Gate Bridge. I can see many cargo ships pass under the bridge each day. I like the restaurants in San Francisco. I can find wonderful food from just about every country. I don’t like the traffic in the city. I love living in the city of San Francisco . I have a wonderful view of the entire city from my apartment window. In addition, I can see the Golden Gate Bridge under which many cargo ships pass each day. I also like San Francisco because I can find wonderful restaurants with food from just about every country ; however, I don’t like the traffic in the city.

How do you vary sentence structure?:

How do you vary sentence structure? You will want to use a variety of sentence structures in your writing . There are four types of sentences we will study in this lesson: - Simple - Compound - Complex Compound Complex

Independent Clauses:

Independent Clauses An independent clause (or main clause) can stand alone as a complete sentence. A clause has a complete subject and predicate. Proper nutrition helps stabilize your moods. Stress is emotional tension caused by everyday events in our lives.

Dependent Clause :

Dependent Clause A dependent clause (or subordinate clause) also contains a subject and a predicate; however, a dependent clause is not a complete sentence and cannot stand alone . A dependent clause requires an independent clause to make sense . A dependent clause may appear before or after an independent clause.

Dependent Examples:

Dependent Examples Before Vivian leaves work for the day, she organizes her desk. Judi recommends exercising after a stressful day .

Simple Sentence :

Simple Sentence A simple sentence consists of one complete subject and one complete predicate . The subject, the predicate, or both may be compound. Audrey had a demanding day at work. Audrey and Bruce work in the same office.

PowerPoint Presentation:

A simple sentence has one independent clause (one subject and a verb): I live in San Francisco. Subject Verb

Compound Sentence :

Compound Sentence A compound sentence consists of two simple independent clauses connected by a conjunction such as or, and, nor, or but . Audrey had a demanding day at work, but she is looking forward to having dinner with friends. Anger is meant to intimidate other people, and this often appears to be true.

PowerPoint Presentation:

She works in the city, but she lives in the suburbs. Independent Clause Independent Clause A compound sentence contains two independent clauses that are joined together.

You can make a compound sentence by joining two logically related independent clauses by using…:

- a semicolon - a coordinating conjunction - a transition You can make a compound sentence by joining two logically related independent clauses by using…

Using a Semicolon:

Using a Semicolon Independent Clause ; Independent Clause I love living in the city ; there are so many things to do. Independent Clause Independent Clause

Using a Coordinating Conjunction:

Using a Coordinating Conjunction Independent Clause , coordinating conjunction Independent Clause He couldn’t watch the show , so he decided to tape it. Independent Clause Independent Clause

Coordinating Conjunctions:

Coordinating Conjunctions Logical Relationship Coordinating Conjunction Addition And Contrast But, yet Choice Or, nor Cause For Result So

FANBOYS:

FANBOYS For  F And  A Nor  N But  B Or  O Yet  Y So  S Another way to remember these is…

CAUTION!:

CAUTION! Do NOT use a comma every time you use the words and, or, but, nor, for, so, yet . Use a comma only when the coordinating conjunction joins two independent clauses. Independent Clause No comma- not an independent clause The necklace was beautiful but expensive. Simple Sentence

Using a Transition:

Using a Transition Independent Clause ; transition , Independent Clause I love San Francisco ; however, I hate the traffic. Independent Clause Independent Clause

Complex Sentence :

Complex Sentence A complex sentence contains an independent clause and one or more dependent clauses . If you have been a victim in the downsizing of a company, you have experienced stress.

Complex Sentences:

John cannot set up his typewriter because the wall has no outlet. Complex Sentences A complex sentence contains at least one independent clause and one dependent clause. Independent Clause Dependent Clause Subordinating Conjunction

Example- Complex Sentence:

Example- Complex Sentence A complex sentence contains at least one independent clause and one dependent clause. She will go to school in the city until she finds a job. Independent Clause Dependent Clause Subordinating Conjunction

Complex Sentences:

When I first moved to the city, I was afraid to drive the steep and narrow streets. Complex Sentences Use a comma after a dependent clause if it begins the sentence. Subordinating Conjunction Independent Clause Use a comma if the dependent clause is the first part of the sentence.

Compound-Complex Sentence :

Compound-Complex Sentence A compound-complex sentence contains more than one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses . Relaxation techniques help reverse coronary disease ; however, since this beneficial health information is not widely publicized , not all doctors know about this philosophy of health care.

PowerPoint Presentation:

This sentence reads more smoothly because it has more sentence structure variety. I love living in the city of San Francisco. I have a wonderful view of the entire city from my apartment window. In addition, I can see the Golden Gate Bridge under which many cargo ships pass each day. I also like San Francisco because I can find wonderful restaurants with food from just about every country; however, I don’t like the traffic in the city. Simple Sentences Compound/Complex Sentence Complex Sentence

PowerPoint Presentation:

These sentences do not read as smoothly because there is no sentence variety. Simple Sentences I love living in the city. I have a wonderful view of the entire city. I have an apartment. I can see the Golden Gate Bridge. I can see many cargo ships pass under the bridge each day. I like the restaurants in San Francisco. I can find wonderful food from just about every country. I don’t like the traffic in the city.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Relationship Transition Addition Moreover Furthermore In addition besides Reinforcement/Emphasis Indeed In fact Contrast However On the contrary In contrast On the other hand Result or Effect Consequently Accordingly Thus Hence Therefore As a result

PowerPoint Presentation:

Reinforcement/Emphasis Indeed In fact Exemplification For example For instance In particular Exemplification For example For instance In particular Time Meanwhile (at the same time) Subsequently (after) Thereafter (after) Relationship Transition

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