Appositive Phrases Powerpoint (MS Standard 4c4)

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Appositive Phrases:

Appositive Phrases

Objectives:

Objectives 4c4 - Analyze sentences containing descriptive adjectives, adverbs, prepositional phrases (functioning as adjectives or adverbs), appositive phrases , adjective clauses, adverb clauses and noun clauses . LS3 WS2

Phrases :

Phrases Remember A phrase is a group of words that acts as a unit A phrase DOES NOT have a subject and a verb

Appositive Phrases:

Appositive Phrases An appositive phrase is another group of words that acts as a unit and does NOT have a subject and verb. It consists of a noun (and all of its modifiers) that renames or provides additional information about another noun in the sentence.

Appositive Phrases:

Appositive Phrases An appositive normally sits next to the noun it renames; in other words, it is “positioned next to” that noun, which is why it is said to be “ in ap position ”.

Appositive Phrases:

Appositive Phrases Appositive phrases are either essential appositives or nonessential appositives

Appositive Phrases:

Appositive Phrases An essential appositive provides information that is necessary to the meaning of the sentence No comma is used to separate it from the rest of the sentence.

Appositive Phrases:

Appositive Phrases What is the essential appositive in this sentence? My favorite president Harry Truman led the American people through the end of World War II.

Appositive Phrases:

Appositive Phrases My favorite president Harry Truman led the American people through the end of World War II. Harry Truman is the essential appositive . If I do not include his name, you will not have enough information to understand my meaning completely .

Appositive Phrases:

Appositive Phrases My favorite president Harry Truman led the American people through the end of World War II. One check is to eliminate the appositive, and see what happens . Here, you have a complete sentence, but you really don’t know to whom I am referring. The information is incomplete .

Appositive Phrases:

Appositive Phrases The other type of appositive is the nonessential appositive .

Appositive Phrases:

Appositive Phrases A nonessential appositive provides information that in itself may be important, but is really only additional information and is not necessary to the core meaning of the sentence. Commas are used to separate it from the rest of the sentence.

Appositive Phrases:

Appositive Phrases What is the nonessential appositive in this sentence? Harry Truman, my favorite president, led the American people through the end of World War II.

Appositive Phrases:

Appositive Phrases Harry Truman, my favorite president , led the American people through the end of World War II. My favorite president is the nonessential appositive . I don’t have to tell you he is my favorite president in order to tell you that he led the American people through the end of World War II.

Appositive Phrases:

Appositive Phrases Harry Truman, my favorite president , led the American people through the end of World War II. And now for the second test . Can I change the appositive but keep the basic point of the sentence intact?

Appositive Phrases:

Appositive Phrases Harry Truman, the president who succeeded FDR , led the American people through the end of World War II. As you can see, the basic point of my sentence, that he led the American people through the end of World War II, remains intact.

Appositive Phrases:

Appositive Phrases With appositives, remember that if you need the phrase to make the meaning clear, or if changing the appositive changes the basic point of the sentence, it is an essential appositive and does not require commas .

Appositive Phrases:

Appositive Phrases My favorite president Harry Truman led the American people through the end of World War II. If you need the phrase, you DON’T need the commas .

Appositive Phrases:

Appositive Phrases If you do not need the phrase to make the meaning clear, and changing the appositive does not affect the basic point of the sentence, it is an nonessential appositive and requires commas.

Appositive Phrase:

Appositive Phrase Harry Truman, my favorite president , led the American people through the end of World War II. If you don’t need the phrase, you DO need the commas .

Appositive Phrases:

Appositive Phrases Verbs of being are weaker verbs that don’t do much for your sentence. You want to eliminate as many of them as you can to use action verbs to make your writing vibrant. Using an appositive phrase is a good way to eliminate verbs of being in your writing .

Appositive Phrases:

Appositive Phrases Wilbur is the new class president. He is the president of the junior class. He met with his officers to plan fundraisers to offset the cost of the Prom.

Appositive Phrases:

Appositive Phrases In that group of sentences, we have three verbs, two of which are verbs of being . They are not dynamic enough to make the sentence vibrant . One way to improve these three choppy sentences is to combine them into one, eliminating the verbs of being.

Appositive Phrases:

Appositive Phrases Wilbur, the new class president of the junior class, met with his officers to plan fundraisers to offset the cost of the Prom. What is the appositive phrase here and is it essential or non-essential ?

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