Salem's History,Climate

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Presentation Description

Salem is the capital of Oregon and it is located in the point of convergence of the Willamette Valley near to the Willamette River, which runs north side of Salem.


Presentation Transcript

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Salem Salem is the capital of the U.S. territory of Oregon and the district seat of Marion County. It is situated in the focal point of the Willamette Valley close by the Willamette River which runs north through the city. The waterway shapes the limit amongst Marion and Polk areas and the city neighborhood of West Salem is in Polk County. Salem was established in 1842 turned into the capital of the Oregon Territory in 1851 and was consolidated in 1857. Salem had a populace of 154637 at the 2010 statistics making it the third biggest city in the state after Portland and Eugene. Salem is somewhat more than a hour pushing separation far from Portland. Salem is the essential city of the Salem Metropolitan Statistical Area a metropolitan region that spreads Marion and Polk provinces and had a joined populace of 390738 at the 2010 enumeration. A 2013 gauge put the metropolitan populace at 400408 the states second biggest. The city is home to Willamette University Corban University and Chemeketa Community College. The State of Oregon is the biggest open manager in the city and Salem Health is the biggest private boss. Transportation incorporates open travel from Salem-Keizer

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Transit Amtrak benefit the transport benefit Cherriots and non-business air go at McNary Field. Real streets incorporate Interstate 5 Oregon Route 99E and Oregon Route 22 which interfaces West Salem over the Willamette River by means of the Marion Street and Center Street spans. HISTORY: The Native Americans who inhabited the central Willamette Valley at first European contact the Kalapuya called the area Chim-i-ki-ti which means "meeting or resting place" in the Central Kalapuya language Santiam. When the Methodist Mission moved to the area they called the new establishment Chemeketa although it was more widely known as the Mill because of its situation on Mill Creek. When the Oregon Institute was established the community became known as the Institute. When the Institute was dissolved the trustees decided to lay out a townsite on the Institute lands.Some possible sources for the name "Salem" include William H. Willson who in 1850 and 1851 filed the plats for the main part of the city and suggested adopting an Anglicized version of the Biblical word "Shalom" meaning peace. The Reverend David Leslie President of the towns Trustees also wanted a Biblical name and suggested using the last five letters of "Jerusalem".Or the town may be named after Salem Massachusetts where Leslie was educated. There were many names suggested and even after the change to Salem some people such as Asahel Bush editor of the Oregon Statesman believed the name should be changed back to Chemeketa.The Vern Miller Civic Center which houses the city offices and library has a public space dedicated as the Peace Plaza in recognition of the names by which the city has been known. GOVERENMENT: Salem is represented utilizing the council– administrator government model. The city board comprises of eight individuals who are chosen from single part wards. The chairman is chosen in a citywide vote. The present leader is Chuck Bennett a Democrat initially chose in 2016. ECONOMY: State government is Salems biggest boss yet the city likewise fills in as a center point for the territory cultivating groups and is a noteworthy horticultural nourishment handling center. It lies along the I-5 hallway and is inside a hours drive of Oregons biggest city Portland.

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Salem is the home of Kettle Foods Inc. a producer of potato chips since 1982. Pot utilizes 700 in Salem and at a plant in Bowthorpe England. NORPAC Foods Inc. is a huge sustenance processor in Salem and somewhere else in Marion County. Its brands incorporate Flav-R-Pac and West-Pac solidified leafy foods and Santiam canned vegetables. Oregon Fruit Products Inc. has been canning blackberries marionberries and different organic products in Salem since 1935 with Oregon as its image name. In an offer to broaden its monetary base Salem pulled in various PC related assembling plants in the 1990s. In November 2003 the Sumitomo Mitsubishi Silicon Group SUMCO one of these landings declared it would be shutting its two silicon wafer plants toward the finish of 2004 disposing of 620 employments and moving creation to different plants. Salem is the central command of the Oregon Department of Corrections and home to four state remedial offices including the Oregon State Penitentiary Oregons just greatest security jail. Various ventures are in progress to expand the supply of lodging in the downtown center. These ventures will give upscale low and skyscraper townhouse and office space.. MEDIA: Salem has one day by day daily paper the Gannett-possessed Statesman Journal and an autonomous bi-month to month elective daily paper Salem Weekly. The Capital Press a week after week rural daily paper is distributed in the city and is circulated all through the West Coast. The month to month Salem Business Journal covers business and government. The Salem Magazine distributed quarterly both in physical and advanced on the web issues centers upon its kin its extraordinary culture and its downtown and encompassing neighborhood communities. Northwest Television works three TV slots that have Salem transmitters: KWVT-LD KSLM and KPWC which serve a range from Longview Washington to Eugene Oregon. Two stations are authorized to Salem however work out of Portland: KPXG-TV and KRCW.

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Source: salem-2018.html Starting at 2012 seven radio stations communicate from Salem including three business AM stations three non-business FM stations and a group radio station. KBZY was a prominent Top 40 station from its sign-on in 1957 through the 1970s. Today KBZY has an oldies configuration and keeps on utilizing live and neighborhood identities. KBZY is partnered with the ABC Radio Network. KYKN conveys syndicated traditionalist talk has. KWOD is a Spanish dialect sports talk station. KPJC highlights Christian talk programming. KWBX is a non-business station authorized to Corban University with a Contemporary Christian configuration. KMUZ set up in 2012 is a non-business group radio station conveying privately delivered content in an assortment design. Salem is a piece of the Portland Arbitron overview region for radio stations and the vast majority of the Portland stations can be gotten in Salem. Capable AM news/talk stations incorporate KEX KXTG and dynamic talk KPOJ. Stations toward the south in Corvallis and Albany are likewise effectively heard in Salem. NPR writing computer programs is conveyed by Oregon Public Broadcasting which can be heard on KOPB-FM from Portland and KOAC from Corvallis. SPORTS: The Salem-Keizer Volcanoes a small time baseball group play their home amusements in the city of Keizer which abuts Salem on the north. Three groups inside the Eugene-based NNFL are from Salem the Copperheads Chargers and three-time association champion Pioneers. The Corban University Warriors are a private Christian college situated in Salem. Corban has 13 athletic groups and contends inside the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics NAIA. The Willamette University Bearcats are additionally situated in Salem they are a Division III games program. All the more as of late there has been an expansion of a ladies roller derby association known as the Cherry City Derby Girls. CCDG is home to four home groups the Rydel Bells Thrill Kill Kittens Dolls of Anarchy and Panty Raiders and in addition a travel group the 8 Wheel Assassins. CCDG likewise has a "b" positioned travel group called the Bone Yard Brawlers. CCDG has a youngsters derby association. The Star City Offense a mens roller derby group is additionally situated in Salem.

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EDUCATION: Elementary and secondary Salems open rudimentary and optional schools are a piece of the Salem-Keizer School District which has roughly 39000 understudies and is the second biggest government funded school region in the state.The city additionally has numerous private basic and auxiliary schools for example Blanchet Catholic School and Salem Academy Christian. One school Willamette Academy is a piece of an effort program keep running by Willamette University that is intended to uncover under spoken to understudies to the prizes of a scholarly life at an early age 7th– twelfth grade. Salem is additionally home to a few open all inclusive schools the Chemawa Indian School a Native American secondary school and the Oregon School for the Deaf. Colleges and universitie Post optional schools incorporate Chemeketa Community College Corban University Tokyo International University of America and Willamette University the most established college in the American west. Portland State University Eastern Oregon University Western Oregon University and Oregon State University give classes and a modest bunch of college degrees at Chemeketa Community College. DEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE: Salem is situated in the north-focal Willamette Valley in Marion and Polk areas. The 45th Parallel generally the midpoint between the North Pole and the Equator goes through Salems city limits. As indicated by the United States Census Bureau the city has an aggregate region of 48.45 square miles 125.48 km2 of which 47.90 square miles 124.06 km2 is arrive and 0.55 square miles 1.42 km2 is water.

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In spite of the fact that the Willamette River courses through Salem the North Santiam River watershed is Salems essential drinking water source. Other critical streams that go through Salem are Mill Creek the Mill Race Pringle Creek and Shelton Ditch. Smaller streams in the southern and southeastern parts of the city incorporate Clark Creek Jory Creek Battle Creek Croisan Creek and Claggett Creek while Glen Creek and Brush Creek course through West Salem. Rise inside as far as possible ranges from around 120 to 800 feet 37 to 244 m. Salem contains the volcanic Salem Hills in the south and is sandwiched by the 1000 ft 300 m Eola Hills specifically toward the west and the 600 ft 180 m Waldo Hills toward the east. Northern and eastern Salem are less sloping. South and West Salem contain a few gulches and are the hilliest regions. The drift run and the Cascades—including Mount Hood Mount Jefferson and on the clearest of days Mount St. Helens and Mount Adams in Washington—can be seen from all through the city. Like a large portion of the Willamette Valley region Salem has a Marine West Coast atmosphere Köppen Csb with some particular attributes of the Mediterranean atmosphere. Rain is heaviest in pre-winter and all through winter and the greater part of the yearly precipitation falls amongst October and May with a dry season from June through September. Light snowfall happens in winter however significant snows are uncommon. For the most part overcast skies and low cloud roofs are typical amid the blustery season. Salems mean yearly temperature is 53 °F 11.7 °C its yearly precipitation is 39.64 inches 1007 mm with a normal 3.5 inches 8.9 cm of snow included. Nonetheless finished a fourth of years get no snowfall. The state capital is around 47 mi 76 km south of Portland yet really has a lower normal temperature than Portland 54.4 °F or 12.4 °C due to some degree to the lower every day minima.

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