Int02 - Present Perfect

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Present Perfect with already, just, never, still and yet:

Present Perfect with already, just, never, still and yet Intermediate 02 - Unit 4a

Structure:

Structure I You He She It We You They have have has has has have have have gone done studied arrived been eaten delivered analysed S + have/ has + past participle

Short form:

Short form I ’ve gone home. You ’ve done a lot of homework. She ’s studied French. He ’s investigated. They ’ve operated on an old lady.

Use 1:

Use 1 Something that started in the past and continues until now. I have studied in this university for a year. Dr Jones has worked here since 1999.

Use 2:

Use 2 Event that happened in the past, but we don’t know when , or it’s not important when. I have been to India many times. She has visited Africa and Asia. They have eaten insects.

Use 3:

Use 3 Repeated past action (could happen again) Examples: -Juanita has gone to Balboa Park many times. -I’ ve flown on a plane a lot.

Key words for present perfect:

Key words for present perfect Already = (adv.) finished before now I have already finished my homework. … already … ? = (adv.) in a question is used to show surprise that it was finished before now They have already discovered a cure? Wow.. I didn’t know that

Key words for present perfect:

Key words for present perfect not … yet = (adv.) not finished before now Scientists have not discovered a cure yet .

Key words for present perfect:

Key words for present perfect Never = (adv.) not at any time in the past, including now I have never seen such a beautiful sunset! Ever = (adv.) at any time, including the present ** Used only in questions Have you ever ridden a horse?

Reminder about Adverb Placement:

Reminder about Adverb Placement Just = (adv.) completed recently I have just finished my food. He’s just taken a shower.

Reminder about Adverb Placement:

Reminder about Adverb Placement With 2 verbs (helping verb and main verb), place the adverb between them. Except “yet” which goes at the end of the sentence. I have never eaten raw fish.

Examples:

Examples He ha s just won the lottery. (It happened very recently. Put emphasis that finished recently) I’ve already finished my e-workbook homework  (It happened or something was completed) Has he already cooked lunch ? (asking if it happened or something was completed)

Examples:

Examples We have never been to Ica (It hasn’t happened at any time in the past) She hasn’t arrived yet . (It hasn’t happened but could happen soon) They still haven’t discovered the cure. (It hasn’t happened yet, but could happen soon)

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