Present Simple or Present Continuous!

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Present Simple or Present Continuous:

Present Simple or Present Continuous

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PRESENT SIMPLE

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FORM

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Affirmative sentences: We use the infinitive of the verb. In the 3 rd person singular (he, she, it) we put an -s at the end of the infinitive. I/we/you/they play football. He/she/it plays football.

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Negative sentences : We use the auxiliary do or does (for the 3 rd person singular ) and the negative particle not . I/we/you/they do not / don´t play football. He/she/it does not / doesn´t play football.

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Questions : We use the auxiliary do or does (for the 3 rd person singular ) and change the word order (auxiliary – subject – verb) Do I/we/you/they play football? Does he/she/it play football?

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SPELLING RULES FOR THE 3rd PERSON

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Add –s for most verbs work - works , buy - buys , ride - rides , return – returns b) Add – es for words that end in – ch , - s , - sh , - x , or – z watch - watches , pass - passes , rush - rushes , relax - relaxes , buzz – buzzes

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c) Change the – y to – i and add – es when the base form ends in a consonant + y study - studies, hurry - hurries, dry - dries Do not change the – y when the base form ends in a vowel + y  Add – s play - plays, enjoy – enjoys d) A few verbs have irregular forms be - is, do - does, go- goes, have - has

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Use the present simple for: Routines and habits e.g. Maria smokes - Permanent actions . e.g. Pedro lives in Seville - Current facts or truths e.g. The earth is round USE

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PRESENT CONTINUOUS

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Affirmative sentences: We use a form of to be (am, are or is), the infinitive of the verb and the ending –ing . I am play ing volleyball. He/she/it is play ing volleyball. We/you/they are play ing volleyball. FORM

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Negative sentences : We use the negative particle not after the verb to be and then the infinitive + ing . I am not play ing volleyball. He/she/it is not play ing volleyball. We/you/they are not play ing volleyball.

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Questions : We use the verb to be as the auxiliary and change the word order (auxiliary – subject – verb) Am I play ing volleyball? Is he/she/it play ing volleyball? Are we/you/they play ing volleyball?

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SPELLING RULES FOR THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS a) Add – ing to the base form of the verb. read - reading, stand - standing, jump - jumping b) If a verb ends in a silent – e , drop the final - e and add – ing . leave - leaving, take - taking, receive - receiving c) In a one-syllable word, if the last three letters are consonant – vowel - consonant (CVC), double the last consonant before adding –ing . sit - sitting, run - running, hop - hopping However, do not double the last consonant in word that end in w, x, or y . sew - sewing, fix - fixing, enjoy - enjoying

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d) In words of two or more syllables that end in a consonant-vowel-consonant (C-V-C) combination, double the last consonant only if the last syllable is stressed. admit - admitting, regret - regretting e) If a verb ends in – ie , change the – ie to y before adding - ing . die - dying

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Use the present continuous for: - Actions in progress at the moment of speaking e.g. Maria is watching TV right now - Future plans e.g. I’m travelling to London next weekend USE

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REMEMBER: Action verbs can be used in the present simple and continuous but non-action verbs (agree, be, believe, belong, forget, hate, know, like, seem love, prefer…) are not normally used in the present continuous!! I am agreeing with you ACTION AND NON-ACTION VERBS

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Look! Peter ________ into the water. jumps is jumping Once a week, I ________ to an art class at the college. go am going Don't give Mary any cheese. She ________ it! hates is hating

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I ________ you're crazy! think am thinking I ________ lunch in the cafeteria every day. have am having I ________ to Toronto next Thursday. Do you want to come? go am going

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David is rich — he ________ a Mercedes. drives is driving Diana isn't Italian. I ________ she comes from France. believe am believing

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You won't find Jerry at home right now. He ________ in the library. studies is studying It ________ quite hard — perhaps we shouldn't go out tonight. snows is snowing

GO ON PRACTICING AT HOME:

GO ON PRACTICING AT HOME - http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/simcon1.htm - http://www.usingenglish.com/quizzes/66.html - http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/tenses/simple_present_progressive2.htm - http://www.speakspeak.com/html/d3a001_grammar_beginners_present_simple_continuous.htm - http://a4esl.org/q/h/vm/sp_or_pc.html

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